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Contributions of Psychology to Education


There was no denying that the field of psychology has long been used as the basis of education in the development of the theory and practice of education and has contributed greatly to education, including the development of curriculum, learning and assessment system.


1. Contributions of Psychology to Education Curriculum Development.

Study of educational psychology in relation to curriculum development, especially with regard to understanding behavioral aspects in the context of teaching and learning. Apart from the various schools of psychology that characterizes education, in essence, a psychological assessment is to give attention to how to put in, and the process can run out of education by not ignoring aspects of behavior and personality of the learner.

Psychologically, humans are unique individuals. Thus, psychological studies in curriculum development should pay attention to the uniqueness of every individual, both in terms of level of intelligence, skills, attitudes, motivations, feelings, and the characteristics-other individual characteristics. Education curriculum should be able to provide opportunities for individuals to be able to develop in accordance with its potential, both in terms of subject matter and method of presentation.

In particular, in the context of education in Indonesia, which developed the current curriculum is competency-based curriculum, which at its core emphasis on the development of knowledge, skills, and basic values ​​are reflected in the habit of thinking and acting. Habits of thinking and acting consistently and continuously allow someone to be competent, in the sense of having the knowledge, skills, and values ​​basic to do something.

Thus in the development of a competency-based curriculum, especially with respect to the psychological study of the following aspects: (1) the ability of the students to do something in a different context, (2) the student learning experience, (3) learning outcomes (learning outcomes), and (4) standardization the ability of students


2. Contributions to Educational Psychology Learning System

Studies in educational psychology has spawned various theories underlying learning system. We know that a number of theories of learning, such as classical conditioning theory, connectionism, operant conditioning, gestalt, power theory, cognitive theory and theories of learning. Despite the controversy that accompanies weaknesses of each theory, in reality these theories have contributed significantly in the learning process. In addition, studies in educational psychology has also spawned a number of principles that underlie learning activities Nasution (Daeng Sudirwo, 2002) presents the thirteen principles of learning, namely:

1.  a really learn, he has to have a purpose
2.  it must arise out of or relate to their needs rather than imposed by others.
3.  it must be willing to undergo an assortment of difficulties and strive diligently to achieve a worthy goal for him.
4. it should be evident from the change in his behavior.
5.  main objectives to be achieved, the results obtained also odd.
6. more successful with the act or conduct.
7. a People learning as a whole, not just the intellectual aspects but also includes aspects of emotional, social, ethical, and so on.
8. Someone needs help and guidance from others.
9. For learning needed insight. What is learned to be completely understood. Learning is not just memorizing facts verbalistis loose.
10. pursuit of learning the truth, one is often pursue t.ujuan other destinations.
11.  more successful, if the attempt to give a pleasant success.
12. training necessary but must be preceded by an understanding.
13. only possible if there is a willingness and desire to learn.


3. Contributions of Psychology to Education Assessment System

Penilaiain education is one important aspect of education in order to understand how far the level of educational success. Through psychological studies we can understand what behavioral development of learners obtained after following a certain education or learning activities.

In addition, psychological studies have provided a real contribution in the measurement of the potential of every learner, especially after the development of a variety of psychological tests, both to measure the level of intelligence, aptitude and personality of individuals lainnya.Kita know some psychological tests that are still widely used to measure the potential of an individual, such as the Multiple Aptitude Test (MAT), Differential Aptitude Test (DAT), EPPS and other measuring instruments.

Understanding intelligence, talents, interests, and other aspects of personality through psychological measurement, has significance for the development efforts of the individual education process so that in turn can be achieved optimal development of the individual.

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