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Biography of William the Conqueror


Biography of William the Conqueror (± 1027-1087)
William was born around 1027 in a town of Falaise in Normandy, France. Status of children is immoral, but the only son of Robert I, Prince of Normandy. Robert died in 1035 when on his way home on a pilgrimage to Darussalam. Before his departure he has appointed William as his heir. So, at the age of eight years, was a Prince William of Normandy. Far from a guarantee him a comfortable position and get fancy, just make the appointment to the position of William maze. Because he is nothing more than a child who should head the barons who clearly had the old farts. Taklah wonder if the ambitions of the barons were more prominent than his loyalty. And then never mind the consequences can be estimated: there was a situation of anarchy, three bodyguards were killed by the ruthless William tutor was even slashed his neck.

With the help of the French King Henry I (which is actually no more a mere status symbol) William was lucky to continue to see the sunlight in the early years of his life. His fate has not been as bad as the personal bodyguard or a teacher.

Year 1042, when teens reach middle age Williarn year, he was appointed military honors. After that he had a personal role in political events. Then came the series of battles against the feudal barons of Normandy, which in turn can be won William who established his position. (Inevitably, the unofficial status of the child that is in the political obstacles that William is often its opponents call it "sundelan"). In 1603 he successfully conquered Maine, neighboring provinces and in 1064 he also managed to be recognized as the ruler of Brittania, as well as other neighboring provinces.

From years 1042 to 1066, the King of England was Edward "The Recognition Recipients." Because Edward berputera no one else, a lot of movement plans for the substitute position of the British Empire. From the point of blood relationship, the demands of William Edward is a weak substitute; maternal grandfather Edward was William's sister. However, in the year 1051, perhaps influenced by William showed that he had ability, Edward promised William to become his successor.

Year 1064, Harold Prince Goldwin most powerful in Britain and close friend and brother in law into the hands of William Edward. William Harold treated properly, but held it until he was sworn prop up the demands of William obtained the crown of the British Empire. Many people think this kind of robbery models oath had no binding legal and moral, and Harold himself did not think so. When Edward died in 1066, Harold Goldwin sue the British Empire crown for himself and an entity named "Witan" (bodies whose members are commonly nobles took part in the decision who should be the holder of the crown) so choose a new king. William, a burning ambition and angry with Harold for breaking an oath, take the decision to invade England to seize the throne by force of arms.

William gathered a fleet and army on the coast of France, and in early August 1066 he was ready to weigh anchor. However, the expedition was delayed several weeks waiting for the easing of a bad wind from the north. Meanwhile, the King of Norway Harald Hardraade separate attack against the British across the North Sea. Harold Goldwin alerting troops to the south of England, William is ready to face the attack. Thus he had to deploy troops to the north of England to counter attack the people of Norway. On 25 September, in the battle at Stamford Bridge king of Norway was killed and his army mess.

Syahdan, in the year 1066, Prince William of Normandy in just a few thousand troops behind to cross the strait that separates mainland continental Europe, the UK, so a determination to hold the British rulers. Bold determination that it was insanely successful, efforts efflux invasion of foreign forces that can go wrong, the Norman Conquest is more than just win the crown of the British Empire for William and his descendants. It brings a profound influence on the whole subsequent history of England in its various aspects and types of unimaginable by William himself.

Only two days later the wind changed in the Strait of Canal and William rushed to deploy troops to England. Perhaps, you should let William Harold moved toward him, or at least enough soldiers to rest before plunging into battle. However, he did the opposite in fact. He hurriedly moved his troops back to the south face of William. Both forces met on December 4, 1066 in a famous battle at Hastings. At the end of that day the cavalry and archers, William was able to ravage the Anglo-Saxon power. Towards the fall of night, King Harold himself was killed. Two of his brothers was killed in the fighting first and there was no British leader had left the weight and authority to form a new army or against the demands of William the royal crown. William was crowned in London on Christmas Day.

Remove the five years, the rebellion broke out a few scattered, but William could pound them all. William used the excuse of this rebellion as a pretext seized all land in England and declared that all land is owned privately. Many of the lands were then distributed to the followers of Norwegianya which controls the land in feudal conditions as vassalnya. As a result, the whole Anglo-Saxon aristocracy stripped away, replaced by people of Norway. (No matter how it sounds dramatic, just a few thousand people who are directly involved with the transfer of this power. Create smallholders problem was nothing more than a mere exchange of bosses).

William is always felt and pretended he was the legitimate King of England during his lifetime and the majority of British institutions as they are maintained without change. Because William stakeholders get information regarding what is hers, she ordered the execution of the detailed census of population and property concerns. The results of the census was recorded in a ledger called the "Domesday Book", which is a very valuable source of historical information. (Original manuscript is still there until now, kept in the General Registry Office in London).

William married and had four sons and five daughters. He died in 1087 in the town of Rouen, northern France. Since then every king in England was a direct descendant. Strangely, though William the Conqueror is probably the most important king of England, he himself was not the English, but French. He was born in France and the lid of life in France, spent most of his life there and could only speak French. (He happens to be illiterate).

In terms of measuring the significance of the influence of William the history of one of the most must be remembered is not going to happen the Norman conquest of England in the absence of William. William is not a substitute for proper crown of the British Empire. If only he was furthest from personal ambition and ability, there would be no need for historical reasons the Norman raids. England was never able to attack the Roman conquest of France since 1000 the previous year. It never happens that successful conquest of France (or wherever it was) during the ninth century by William the exception.

The question that arises is how far from that posed by the Norman conquest? The Norman conquerors of the actual amount is relatively small, but he had a big influence for British history. In five or six centuries before the conquest, the British have repeatedly invaded by the Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian and Teutonic culture is fundamental. Norman's own people are descendants of Vikings but their language and culture of France. Therefore, by the Norman conquest resulted in the approach of British culture in France. (Now it seems that such commonplace things, but in the centuries before the time of William the Conqueror, umunmya cultural ties with Britain rather than France, but with northern Europe). Britain experienced what is cultural assimilation with the French and Anglo-Saxon who would never have happened without the raid.

William Britain introduced a more advanced form of feudalism. Norman kings, unlike the Anglo-Saxon predecessors, in charge of thousands of warriors, armed warriors, a formidable armed forces according to the size of the middle century. People have ketetampilan Norman government and administration that the British government to be one of strong and effective governance in Europe.

The next interesting result due to the Norman conquest of England is developing a new language. It happened thanks to the addition of new words into English, so much is happening so the addition of modern English dictionary words crammed comes from French and Latin, beyond words originating from Anglo-Saxon. Further than that, for three or four centuries immediately after the Norman conquest English grammar is changing very rapidly, most of it tends toward simplification. Even if it did not happen conquest, lest the English language is now only slightly different from the German and the Dutch lower. This is the only example of how the language will not be manifested as the form we know today without the role of the business through a private person. (It should be noted, English is now obviously the world's leading language).

Could also emphasized other consequences of the Norman conquest of France itself. About four centuries later, there was a series of battles between the kings of England (which as originating from the Norman, had lands in France) with the kings of France. This battle is a real series of the Norman conquest, before the year 1066 there was no such thing as a battle between England and France.

In many ways, essentially different from all the UK countries of the European continent. Either at the instigation of his passion as a great empire, and thanks to the democratic institutions, Britain has profound influence on other parts of the world, apart altogether from the square footage of his own country. To what extent aspects of British political history, judging from the result of acts of William?

Historians disagree on the issue of just what modern democracy because newborn babies born in Britain rather than, say, in Germany. However, culture and institutions of England are a mixture of Anglo-Saxon and Norman, and is produced by mixing due to the Norman conquest. On the other hand, it was a bit difficult for me to reasonably provide the despotism of William too excessive in relation to the growth of British democracy in the later period. Sure, there's the price of democracy in England in the century after William conquered.
William the Conqueror when the battle of Hastings.

Judging from the size of the British Empire, the influence of William could be seen more clearly. Before the year 1066, the UK experienced repeated miscellaneous invasion. After the year 1066, it reversed the position and role. Thanks to the government and established a strong centralized established William and maintained by their successors thereafter, as well as thanks to funding by the government-controlled military, English was never again touched people. In fact, then turn him incessantly engaged in military operations in other countries. Therefore lumrahlah if the European powers extended to other countries, and lumrahlah enabled when British colonies had more European countries than any other.

Just awful, one can not merely say thanks to William the Conqueror of all developments in the history of the British advance. But what is certain and no need to doubt the Norman conquest is not a direct factor of any events that occur afterwards. William Long-term influence by itself is great.

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