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Biography of Yasser Arafat


Mohammed Abdel-Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa Hussaeini son was born August 24, 1929 in Cairo. His father was a textile merchant Palestinian and Egyptian descent, his mother came from Palestinian families in Jerusalem. His mother died when Yasser, as he used to be called, was five years ago he was sent to live with his uncle on his mother's side of Jerusalem, the capital of Palestine.

He has revealed little about his childhood, but one of his earliest memories is of British soldiers breaking into his uncle's house after midnight, beating members of the family and smashing furniture.
After four years in Jerusalem, her father brought her back to Cairo, where his older brother take care of siblings, including her. Arafat never mentions his father, who is not too close to his children. Arafat did not even attend the burial of his father in 1952.

In Cairo, before the age of 17 years, Arafat was smuggling arms for the Palestinians to be used against British and Jews. Age 19 years, during the war between the Jewish and Arab states, Arafat left his studies at Faud University (now Cairo University) to fight against the Jews in Gaza.
The defeat of Arab states and the State of Israel made him desperate and take care of visa to study at the University of Texas. Having recovered his spirits and the desire to continue to pursue his dream of an independent Palestinian land, he returned to Faud University majoring in civil engineering but instead spent much of his time as leader of the Palestinian students.

He managed to take his degree in 1956, had worked in Egypt and then placed back in Kuwait, first working in the department of public works, and then successfully running his own business, contracting firm. But he spent most of his spare time in political activities, in which he uses most of its profits for the sake of it.

In 1958, he and his friends founded Al-Fatah, a secret network of underground movement, which in 1959 began publishing a magazine that jut out war against Israel with weapons. The end of 1964, Arafat left Kuwait to become a seo-war full-time revolutionary, organizing Fatah to attack Israel from Jordan.

In the same year, stood the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), which is sponsored by the Arab League, collecting all the groups to come together to bring Palestine into an independent state. Arab attitude is more conciliatory policy than Fatah's policy, but after their defeat against Israel in the 1967 six day war, Fatah rise from underground as the most powerful and well structured than the other groups that make up the PLO.

Fatah took over the organization in 1969 when Arafat became chairman of the PLO executive committee. PLO is no longer a puppet organization the Arab countries, who want to keep the Palestinians quiet, but became an independent nationalist organization based in Jordan.

Arafat's PLO to build a 'state' which has its own military forces in the country of Jordan. King Hussein of Jordan, deeply troubled by guerrilla attacks and other violent methods they did to Israel, until at last he forced the PLO out of the country. Arafat to find a way to build a similar organization in Lebanon, but were knocked out by the Israeli military occupation. He struggled to maintain the organization was kept alive, by moving its headquarters to Tunisia. He has repeatedly survived, escaped the plane crash, escaped from an attempted assassination by the Israeli secret agent, and recovering from a serious stroke.

His life is a journey, moving from one country to another country to promote the Palestinians. Always keep your movements remain confidential, just like he did with his personal life. Even his marriage to Suha Tawil, a Palestinian woman who was half his age, kept secret for fifteen months. His wife at that time was active in social activities especially for children with disabilities at home, but a striking appearance in a meeting in Oslo was a surprise to many observers of Arafat. Since then, their daughter, Zahwa, which is named after Arafat's mother, was born.

Period after the expulsion from Lebanon was a difficult time for Arafat and the PLO. Then push Arafat Intifada protests to draw attention to the difficulties faced by Palestinians.

In 1988 a change of policy. In his speech at the UN in Geneva, Switzerland, Arafat declared that the PLO rejected terrorism and supported "the right of all warring parties in the Middle East to live in peace and security, including a Palestinian state, Israel and neighboring countries".
Prospects in the direction of a peace treaty with Israel started brightly. After the setback caused by the PLO's decision to support Iraq in the 1991 Gulf War, the peace process began to seriously done, starting with the 1993 Oslo Agreement. This agreement finally brought Arafat, Yitzak Rabin, and Shimon Peres was awarded the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize

Yasser Arafat died on November 11, 2004 at the military hospital in Paris, France. He was flown to Paris from PLO headquarters in Ramallah, to get medical care due to pain. According to medical reports, Arafat died of severe bleeding in his brain.

But the report also mentioned that the results of medical examination found symptoms of bacterial infection from germs that kind of blood poisoning. But there is no further explanation about the possible presence of toxin or virus that causes the death of Arafat.

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