# Definition of Mathematicians

Mathematician is a person whose area of ​​study and research of mathematics. The term is also addressed to those skilled in the science of mathematics.

Some people believe that mathematics has been understood as a whole, but there are still many unsolved problems. Research in various fields of mathematics continues, and new discoveries in mathematics published in scientific journals. Many journals that are specific to mathematics and many of the subjects who applied mathematics (eg, theoretical computer science and theoretical physics).

Unlike science, the study of mathematics in general experiment not done. In math, the truth descended from others who have known the truth earlier. Even if the experiment with computers and numerical data involved, the eventual outcome is proving theorems.

The calculation is not part of the study of mathematics, and mathematicians do not need to have a great ability to add up or multiply numbers. See mental calculators are great people to do the calculations in his head.

Motivation

Mathematicians usually interested in finding and describing patterns that may emerge from the previous calculation problem, but has now terabstraksi become a stand-alone issue. Problems can arise from mathematical physics, economics, games, math generalizations previously, as well as problems that are created as a challenge to be solved. Although most are not directly useful mathematics, history has shown that in the end science can be applied. For example, the theory of numbers initially have no practical use, but after ditemt very useful for algorithms and cryptography.

G. H. Hardy in his book A Mathematician's Apology says that mathematics should be studied for its beauty, not for the benefit of the application. For Hardy, the most beautiful math is math that does not have an application, or "pure mathematics".

Difference

Differences mathematician with scientists (eg physicists) are mathematicians generally do not conduct experiments to support or reject its conclusions. Theory in natural science (eg Newton's theory of gravity) need to be modified or revised (in this case Einstein's theory of general relativity), along with the discovery of new data and experimental results are not in accordance with the predictions of the theory. On the other hand, mathematical theory is static. If a theorem has been proved, then the theorem is true for good.