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7 cruelest rulers in the World


Ruler is a leader number one in the State. Many rulers were fair, wise the wishes of many of the People. But not all private Having a wise ruler, as it will be presented 7 Under the cruel ruler of the world. As for the seven Rulers harshest in the world, namely:

1.Josef Stalin

1.Josef Stalin
Josef (Josef Vissarionovich Stalin, Iosif Stalin Vissariónovich), real name Ioseb Jughashvili, (December 21, 1879 (Gregorian calendar chronicle) - March 5, 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union and a very cruel dictator, also known as the Man of Steel. He is thought to have ordered the murder of about 30 million inhabitants of Russia and surrounding countries. He is also known as a person who hates religion. He had entered the seminary in Tbilisi, but he then became no longer believe in God after reading the book Origin of Species by Charles Darwin.

He appeared as the leader of the communist party in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Hiadalah Adolf Stalin's main rival Leon Trotsky, Leon were driven out of Russia and then killed. By the year 1929 Stalin became head of state. He treated his rivals or anyone who opposes their cruel degan all sentenced to death as an enemy of the Soviet state or put him in prison camps. In World War II (1939-1945) Russian war with Britain and the United States against Germany. But after the war Stalin "put the Iron Curtain" between Western allies and Russia and most Eastern European countries become communist state. Stalin ruled until his death at the age of 73 years. During his reign he not only oversees the entire Russian state, but also countries outside Russia.


2.Mao Zedong

2.Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong (Shaoshan, Hunan, December 26, 1893 - Beijing, 9 September 1976), is the name of a prominent philosopher and founder of the People's Republic of China.

Mao and the party is

The party was founded in 1921, Mao and Mao are increasingly vocal. Between the years 1934 - 1935 he held the lead role and lead the Chinese Red Army undergoing "Mars Long". Then, since the year 1937 he joined the Army to help fight the Dai Nippon occupied many regions of China. Finally, World War II ended and the civil war flared up again. In the war against the nationalists, Mao became the leader of the Reds and eventually it won in 1949. On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was proclaimed and the nationalist Chinese leader; Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan.

The politics and policies of Mao

Mao distinguish two types of conflict; conflict of antagonistic and non-antagonistic conflicts. Antagonistic conflict can only be solved according to the battle alone while the non-antagonistic conflict can be resolved by a discussion. According to Mao conflict between the workers and the workers with the capitalists is an antagonist of the conflict while the conflict between the people of China to the party is a non-antagonistic conflict.

In 1956, Mao introduced a new policy in which intellectuals should expend their opinion as compromises to the party who pressed for wanting to avoid the violent suppression accompanied by the motto: "Let a hundred flowers flourish and hundred different thoughts contend." But ironically policy This political failure: the intellectuals are not satisfied and spend a lot of criticism. Mao himself argued that he had been betrayed by them, and his revenge. Approximately 700,000 members of the intelligentsia ditangkapinya and forcibly put to work in rural areas.

Mao believed in the eternal nature of a revolution. He also believes that every revolution inevitably produce the counter-revolutionaries. Therefore, he regularly combating and capturing what he considers his political opponents and the traitors or the counter-revolutionaries. The most dramatic event and the tragic events of the Cultural Revolution is the heart that occurred in 1966. In 1960 students around the world are in happy-happy rebel against what they consider the Establishment or the ruling. Similarly, in China. The difference in China they are supported by their teachers and dignitaries of the Party, including Mao himself.

The students and faculty set up what is called the Red Guard, a paramilitary unit. Equipped with the Red Book of Mao, they attack the minions of capitalism and Western influences, and other counter-revolutionaries. As an example of their fanaticism, among other they refuse to stop on the highway when the red light is on because they believe that the color red, which is a symbol of socialism might not mean something to stop. So the members of the Red Guard in 1966 so blindly in combating the counter-revolutionary that the Chinese state in an extremely precarious and almost destroyed; ekonominyapun beaten path. Mao finally forced to People's Liberation Army to tackle them and block their fanaticism. The result was a civil war that only ended in 1968.

G-30-S PKI and Engagement Mao


Chinese Cultural Revolution period also coincided with periods of rebellion G-30-S PKI in Indonesia where some quarters in Indonesia accuse the people of the People's Republic of China as the mastermind. Mao denied and the relationship between Indonesia and the PRC were previously warm to very cold to reopen diplomatic relations in 1990, long after Mao's death.

Failure Mao

In 1958 Mao launched what he called the Great Leap Forward in which reorganized rural areas in total. Everywhere established associations villages (communes). Economically it turns out it's all failed. These communes into units that are too large and can not be terurusi. Estimated to be nearly 20 million people died in China at that time wasted.

3. Adolf Hitler

3. Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889-30 April 1945) was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 and Führer (Leader) (Third Reich) Germany since 1934 until he died. On August 2, 1934, he became the dictator of Germany after President von Hindenburg died. He unites the chancellor and president into office as well as making Nazi Führer as a single party in Germany. He is also a Chairman of the Nationalist-Socialist Party (National Socialist German Workers Party or Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei / NSDAP), known as the Nazis. Nazi officially disbanded after the German defeat in World War II, which was great because Hitler dictatorship system. Hitler was a charismatic orator, Hitler is one of the most influential leaders in the world. When World War II to a close, Hitler committed suicide in his underground bunker in Berlin with his wife, whom he married not long in the bunker, Eva Braun.

Nazi

Hitler then directly involved in politics and became caretaker German Workers Party (German: Deutsche Arbeiterpartei / DAP) in July 1921. Hitler used berpidatonya ability to become chairman of the party. He then exchanged names DAP to Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP) or Nazi party. In 1929 the NSDAP a majority winner in the general election in the city of Coburg, and then won the regional elections Thüringen. President of the German period, Paul von Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor ended.

Hitler and Darwin's theory

Darwin's theory has entered the minds of Hitler, and even penetrate to the bone marrow. It is keenly felt in his book Mein Kampf (My Struggle). She likens the non-European races as apes. From within her growing 'power' which inspired Darwin's theory that in order to survive people must fight. He translated his dreams to invade Austria, Czechoslovakia, France, Russia, etc.. In fact occurred passions rule the whole world. He launched the concept of Eugenics foundation Nazi evolutionist view. Eugenics means 'improvement' of the human race by removing the diseased and disabled people and the emphasis on healthy individuals. So according to that theory, the human race could be improved by mimicking the way of good quality animals produced through marriage healthy animals. While the disabled and diseased animals destroyed.

Shortly after coming to power, Hitler applied the theory with an iron fist. People mentally infirm, disabled and diseased offspring collected in 'sterilization centers' special. Since it is considered a parasite that threatens the purity of the German people and hinder the progress of evolution, on the orders of the secret, in a short time they were all slashed.

Still in the euphoria of the theory of evolution and Eugenics, Nazi youth called blue-eyed blond who is believed to represent a pure German race I'll have sex without marriage. In 1935, Hitler ordered the establishment of specialized fields of human reproduction. In it lived the young women who have the Aryan race. The officers of SS (Schutzstaffel) often stopped there for sordid pretext Eugenics. The baby is born and then put a soldier of the future 'German Reich'. According to Charles Darwin, because it enlarges the size of a human skull as she climbed the ladder of evolution, measured across Germany for the Germans proved larger skulls of other races. They are not as big as the size of the official, as well as the teeth, eyes, and hair outside the criteria evolutionists immediately eliminated.

World War II and the Fall of Germany


In September 1939, Hitler invaded Poland with the blitzkrieg tactics of attack (ground attack, air crash) achieved a surprising triumph of the enemy and his own generals. The attack on Poland led his enemies Britain and France declared war on Germany, that began with World War II.

During World War II, the British led by Sir Winston Churchill who replaced Arthur Neville Chamberlain were dropped due to the scandal of the Nazi invasion of Poland 1939, France led by General Gamelin, who was appointed as supreme allied command failed to withstand lightning strikes Germany to Belgium and France, the French eventually led by General Charles de Gaulle, who led the French resistance forces in the Vichy government, and help the United States-led General Eisenhower as commander of the European theater in the United States despite previously reluctant to get involved in wars that were previously regarded as a European war.

After a long war, and after the defeat in every battle, Hitler realized that defeat was inevitable. Early defeat Hitler is now attacking the Soviet Union with the City of Kursk Operation Citadel, German forces consisted of 800,000 infantry, 2,700 armored tanks, 2,000 aircraft and headed by General Erich Von Manstein and General Walther Models while the power of the Soviet Union consisted of 1.3 million infantry , 3,600 tanks, and 2,400 aircraft. Plan of attack has been known in detail by Soviet intelligence in Switzerland. Stalin immediately ordered his troops to build up a strong defense in the Kursk region. In this battle a lot of tanks - tanks mainstay of Germany and the Soviet Union was destroyed, including Tiger Tank, Panther, Elefant (German) and Tank T-34, SU -152, and KV -1. Germany suffered a blow deadly blows at Stalingrad and attack the allies in Normandy and the Ardennes Offensive failed, the counterattack conducted german army or Wehrmacht and some remaining panzer divisions led by General Mantauffel during winter to retake city of Antwerp in Belgium. This attack took place a stumbling - seok and end up failing due to lack of logistics and supply fuel for Panzer Panzer from Germany so many are still "Fresh from the Oven" like Tiger and Panther tanks sitting on the side of the road because it ran out of diesel. Hitler realized his downfall was imminent and then married his mistress Eva Braun, committed suicide together on 30 April 1945. His body was burned from falling into enemy hands.

4. Vladimir Lenin

4. Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Illich Lenin's real name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (10 April (22 April in the year according to the Gregorian Calendar) 1870 - 21 January 1924), was a Russian Communist revolutionary, leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Prime Minister of the Soviet Union and the creator of Leninism understand. Lenin's name is actually a pseudonym and is taken from the name of the river Lena, in Siberia.

Development into a revolutionary

Meanwhile, while working as a lawyer in Saint Petersburg, he began to recognize the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Because of works on Marxism banned in Russia, Leninpun arrested and jailed for a year. Then he was exiled to Siberia. While in prison even Lenin showed his talent by defeating other inmates in playing chess. In July 1898, still in Siberia, Lenin married a woman named Nadezhda Krupskaya socialist. In 1899, he wrote a book about the development of capitalism in Russia. In 1900, he was allowed home from Siberia. Then he toured Europe and visited Marxist conferences.

In 1903 Lenin was arguing with the managers of the Social-Democratic and Labour Russia on the structure of the party. Martov an administrator wants a rather loose structure and autonomous while Lenin wanted a centralized structure. Then the party was split into two. The people Lenin called the Bolsheviks, which means the majority and those of Julius Martov called the Mensheviks, which means minority.

The Russian Revolution

In February 1917, in connection with major Russian defeat in World War I, the Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate the throne. Then set up a cabinet led by Alexander Kerensky. Then Lenin on 16 April 1917 back to Petrograd, the name of the city of Saint Petersburg has di'Rusia' her.

Then in July Lenin attempted to organize a revolt of the workers. But this revolt failed, Lenin fled to Finland. In October he returned again and tried to hold the October Revolution. At this time he was successful, then on 7 November 1917 according to the Gregorian calendar chronicle or chronicle dated October 25 according to the Julian calendar, Kerensky revolution succeeded and forced to flee. On August 30, 1918, Lenin was shot by Fanya Kaplan, a revolutionary woman did, three times. Kaplan considers Lenin had betrayed the Russian Revolution. Lenin survived but his health began to decline and he eventually died on January 21, 1924 after a stroke four times.

5. Idi Amin

5. Idi Amin
General Idi Amin Dada Oumee (Koboko, Uganda, circa 1925-Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, August 16, 2003), also known as Idi Amin, is a leader in the Ugandan military dictator who ruled on 25 January 1971-13 April 1979.

Innings

Once Idi Amin came to power, Uganda became the most famous in the world. In August 1972, all Asians British citizenship (60,000 people) were given ninety days to withdraw from Uganda. This action is not because of racism, but because he wanted to give "real independence for the people of Uganda". A frenzy of course England, which the officials hurriedly contacted Australia, New Zealand, and British Commonwealth countries to discuss other shelters, especially Kenya and Tanzania refused to give shelter to the refugees. Ten days later promulgated additional rules that foreigners who have become citizens of Uganda have gone from Uganda. There are around 23,000 inhabitants. Of course, citizens of foreign descent who was born in Uganda confusion. If they go, their status is stateless (stateless). Plus, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh (country of origin) refused to accept their return. Coupled with the policy nasionalisasai owned companies of Europeans in Uganda. Idi Amin was truly "confusing people".

As a result of this decision, there was severe economic crisis in Uganda. Approximately 90% of trade and industry dominated by Asians. Uganda People themselves are still very traditional agrarian and less skill, capital, and skills. Actually, the expulsion of Asians was planned by Milton Obote because of perceived economic overly gripping Uganda, but is still targeting a five-year, by reason of preparing people of Uganda.

Uganda Government in such disarray that the UN International Law Commission report to the UN secretary general, Kurt Waldheim on June 7, 1974, which read: "Uganda is a land without law." One of the peak of the crisis is requested asylum Finance Minister Emmanuel Wakheya to England because no longer bear the economic decisions taken by the military regime of Idi Amin.

In early 1977, William Johnshon write a report to the Bangkok Post which read: "After four years in power, Idi Amin of Uganda has changed the lives of the poor. Uganda country first exporter of tea and coffee, but due to administrative systems and poor transportation, hundreds of sacks of coffee sitting in warehouses waiting exported, semetara tens of thousands of tons of smuggled into Kenya. Uganda was once as one of the most fertile countries in Africa, agriculture is now so rare to city dwellers to plant sugar cane and bananas. Soap, sugar, and wheat are treated like gold so scarce. While in rural areas the crop is so abundant, the population of the city is not able to enjoy the results. Five years ago, operates 298 buses that run the government, now only 11 that still works. "In April 1979, Idi Amin overthrown by nationalist soldiers assisted Uganda Tanzania. Previous Idi Amin with the help of Libya trying to attack the Kagera, the northern province of Tanzania.

Idi Amin fled to Libya finally flew the then asks asylum in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and settled there. According to him, the death rate of 100,000 to 300,000 people and killed dianiya is due to improper intelligence section. Even the National Research Bureau threatened to kill him. According to Amin, a lot of bad things to hide when he came to power. When she found out the existence of the firm, it was too late.

However, during the Amin has not fallen, David Martin in his article in the South China Morning Post revealed how Idi Amin know oknumnya lunge rogue. He said he did not want to be president, tentaranyalah who asked, but the expulsion of Asians, he said, "They are too powerful and scorn our people".

Idi Amin had four wives. His first wife was Sarah or Mama Malian whom he married in 1958, the second Kay, Norah third, and the fourth Medina, whom he married in 1971. In early 1974 he was divorcing his wife of the first three so stay Medina. On August 1, 1975, he married Sarah, a driver death squads Uganda Army. Four months later, he married the daughter of a businessman Babirye Uganda. At the time Idi Amin has had 34 children. On July 20, 2003, before his death at the King Faisal Hospital in Jeddah, his wife pleaded with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni that Idi Amin was buried in his country, but the request was rejected. Idi Amin died in Saudi Arabia on August 16, 2003 and was buried in Jeddah.

On August 17, 2003, David Owen said in an interview by BBC Radio that while serving as secretary to the Foreign Office (1977-1979), he ordered that Idi Amin was killed to end the regime terorya. His proposal was rejected, but the reason Owen is the regime of Idi Amin is very bad, it's terrible if he is left in power too long.

6. Benito Mussolini

6. Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 - 28 April 1945) was an Italian who embraced the Fascist dictator. He was the dictator of Italy during the period 1922-1943. He was forced to resign from the post of Prime Minister of Italy on July 28, 1943 after a series of defeats Italy in Africa. After his arrest, he was isolated. Two years later, he was executed in Como, northern Italy. Mussolini end to a decade as the German dictator Adolf Hitler made him a Nazi.

Early Life

Mussolini was born in Predappio, Forlì (Emilia-Romagna). His father was a blacksmith Alessandro Rosa and her mother a school teacher. Like his father, he became a socialist heavy. In 1902 he emigrated to Switzerland. Because it is difficult to find a job anyway, he moved to Italy. In 1908 he joined the newspaper in the Austrian town of Trento.

Get out of there, he became editor of a socialist newspaper in la Lotta Class (Class Conflict). Here Karl Heinrich Marx enthusiasm for bigger. In 1910, he served as secretary of the socialist party in Forlì regional level and develop into antipatriot personality. When Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire in 1911, he was jailed for peace propaganda. This is contrary to the performance later.

Once was appointed editor of the socialist newspaper Avanti, he moved to Milan, where he establish himself as a force more influenced the Italian socialist labor leaders. He believes, the proletariat can dibuhul fascio in motion. Presumably this is the forerunner of the Nazi movement, which was born at a time when the Italian economy deteriorated due to the war, and unemployment is rampant everywhere. In March 1919, fascism became a political movement when he formed the group known as the Battle for the black dress, the collection of crooks, criminals, and thugs who act as a bouncer of the barons. They look spooky and every day into a fight on the streets.

After failing in the 1919 elections, he developed the group understood, so that starting under the influence. They, the fascists, rejected the parliament and promoting physical violence. Anarchy broke out everywhere. Liberal government powerless. He brought the "gang" her, a large number of the fascists were looking grim, to do Marching into Rome. Seeing a group of thugs entered the haunted face Roma, King Vittorio Emanuele III jeri shrunk. Mussolini was invited to the palace and given the position of the Leader. In October 1922, the King asked him to form a new government. Be Italian managed fascist government.

First big break after taking office, was attacked Ethiopia with reference to the racist views of Charles Robert Darwin, "Ethiopia low class people, because it is black. If ordered by a superior race like Italy, it was a natural result of evolution. "In fact, he insists that nations evolve through battle. So be Italy at that time feared terjangnya football nation.

Troubling, when he occupied Abbesinia 1937, cash world gasped. Europe's best friends was Adolf Hitler, and they make an alliance, who dragged Italy into World War II on the side of Germany in 1940. However, his forces defeated in Greece and Africa, and Italy itself was invaded by the troops of the United Kingdom and the United States in 1943. At that time Mussolini had descended from his throne and imprisoned. German paratroopers freed and returned to power in Northern Italy. The end of history arrived shortly afterwards. When Italy finally defeated, he was shot by enemy Italianya and his body hung upside down in the Piazza Loreto in Milan.

7. Pol Pot

7. Pol Pot
Saloth Sar (May 19, 1925 - 15 April 1998), better known as Pol Pot, was the leader of the Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia from 1976 to 1979. His government many blame for the deaths of around two million Cambodians, although the estimated amount of variety.

Democratic Cambodia

In early 1976 the Khmer Rouge, Sihanouk detained under house arrest. The current government was quickly replaced and Prince Sihanouk removed from his post as head of state. Cambodia became a communist republic under the name "Democratic Cambodia" (Democratic Kampuchea) and Khieu Samphan became its first president. On May 13, 1976 Pol Pot was sworn in as Prime Minister of Cambodia, and began to implement changes to the country's socialist. The bombings were carried out by the United States has resulted in abandoned rural areas and congested cities filled with people (population of Phnom Penh increased by about 1 million compared with pre-1976).

When the Khmer Rouge gained power, they evacuate people from urban to rural areas where they are forced to live in fields shared house. Pol Pot's regime was very critical of the political opposition or criticism; thousands of politicians and officials were killed, and Phnom Penh, too, turned into a ghost town with a population many died from starvation, disease or execution. Landmines (by Pol Pot, they are referred to as "the perfect soldier") are widely distributed throughout the countryside.

At the end of 1978, Vietnam invaded Cambodia. Cambodian troops defeated easily, and Pol Pot fled to the Thai border. In January 1979, Vietnam established puppet government under Heng Samrin, composed of Khmer Rouge who had previously fled to Vietnam to avoid the genocide that occurred earlier in 1954. Many members of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, who moved to the east side for fear of being accused of collaborating Vietnam. Pol Pot managed to maintain a sufficient number of followers to keep fighting in small areas in the west of Cambodia. At that time, China, which had previously supported Pol Pot, attacking, and causing the Sino-Vietnam who did not last long. Pol Pot, the enemy of the Soviet Union, as well as the support of Thailand and the United States. United States and China vetoed the allocation of representatives in the UN General Assembly Cambodia from Heng Samrin government. United States directly and indirectly supported Pol Pot by channeling funds collected for the Khmer Rouge.

The death toll of the civil war, Pol Pot's consolidation of power and invasion of Vietnam is still contested. Sources that can be trusted from the West [1] mentions the number of 1.6 million people, while a specific source, such as the amount of three million lives between 1975 and 1979, awarded by the regime-backed Phnom Penh Vietnam, CRP. Father Ponchaud provide an estimate of 2.3 million-although this includes hundreds of thousands of casualties before the expropriation is done the Communist Party. Amnesty International calls 1.4 million, while the State Department of the United States, 1.2 million. Khieu Samphan and Pol Pot himself, each calling 1 million and 800,000.

After the Communist Party government

Pol Pot stepped down in 1985, but has remained as the de facto leader of the Communist Party and the dominant force in it. In 1989, Vietnam withdrew from Cambodia. Pol Pot refused the peace process, and kept fighting the new coalition government. Khmer Rouge defend against government troops until 1996, when many troops who have lost their morale began to leave. Several important Khmer Rouge officials also switch parties.

Pol Pot ordered the execution of Son Sen and his close associates eleven members of his family on June 10, 1997 for trying to make a bargain with the government (the news is not known outside Cambodia for three days). Pol Pot fled but was captured Khmer Rouge military chief, Ta Mok and put under house arrest for life. In April 1998, Ta Mok fled into the woods, carrying Pol Pot after a new government offensive. A few days later, on 15 April 1998, Pol Pot died - reportedly from a heart attack. His body was then burned in rural areas, witnessed by some former members of the Khmer Rouge.

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