Article

Biography of E. Che Guevara


Biography E. Che Guevara
Ernesto Guevara de la Serna Lynch (Rosario, Argentina, June 14, 1928 - Bolivia, October 9, 1967) is an Argentine Marxist revolutionary and Cuban guerrilla leader. Guevara was born in Rosario, Argentina, from a family of mixed Irish, Basque and Spanish. Date of birth written on his birth certificate which is June 14, 1928, but the truth is May 14, 1928.

Since the age of two Che Guevara suffered asthma all his life. Therefore, the family moved to the drier areas of Alta Gracia (Cordoba) where his health did not improve. Primary education he got at home most of the mother, Celia de la Serna. At such a young age, Che Guevara had become a voracious reader. He diligently read the literature about Karl Marx, Engels and Sigmund Freud in his father's library. Entering the first secondary schools (1941) at the Colegio Nacional Dean Funes (Cordoba). At school he became the best in the field of literature and sports. In his Che Guevara moved by the Spanish Civil War refugees and by a series of severe political crisis in Argentina. The crisis culminated in the reign of fascist dictator Juan Peron left, a man who opposed Guevara. Various events embedded in self-Guevara, he saw an insult in the dilakonkan pantomime of parliamentary democracy, and appears also the hatred of military politicians and the capitalists, and especially the United States dollar is considered a symbol of capitalism.

However, he did not participate in the revolutionary student movement. He showed little interest in politics at the University of Buenos Aires (1947) where he studied medicine. At first he was only interested in deepening the disease itself, but then he was interested in leprosy.

a return to their hometown with a unanimous belief of the one thing that he did not want to be a professional middle class because of his skills as a skin specialist. Then in the national revolution he went to La Paz, Bolivia, where he was accused of being an opportunist. From there he went to Guatemala, earning his living by writing articles about the archaeological ruins of Mayan and Inca. Guatemala was ruled by President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman is a socialist. Although Che has become a Marxist and Lenin experts he refused to join the Communist Party. This resulted in the loss of opportunity for him to become a government medical personnel, therefore he became poor. He lived with Hilda Gadea, Saxon descent Indian Marxist political education graduates. This is the guy who introduced him to Nico Lopez, one of Fidel Castro's lieutenant. In Guatemala he saw the CIA agent working as an agent of counterrevolution and more convinced that the revolution could only be armed insurrection. When the office of President Arbenz fell, Guevara moved to Mexico City (September 1954) and worked at the General Hospital, followed by Hilda Gadea and Nico Lopez. Guevara met and was amazed at the Ra├║l Castro and Fidel Castro, political emigres, and he realized that Fidel was the leader he was seeking.

He joined Castro followers at farmhouses where the Cuban revolutionary guerrilla warfare trained rigorously and professionally by the Spanish Republican army captain Alberto Bayo, an author of "Ciento cincuenta preguntas a un guerilleo" (One hundred and fifty questions to a rebel) on Havana, 1959. Bayo is not only teaching but also his personal experience of Mao Tse-tung and Che (in Italian means a roommate and close friend) became his favorite disciple and a leader in the classroom. War games at the farm to the local police suspicious and Che and

Cubans were arrested but released a month later.

In June 1956 when they invaded Cuba, Che went with them, at first as a doctor but then as commander of the revolutionary army Barbutos. He was the most aggressive and intelligent and the most successful of all the guerrilla leader and the most sincere giving teachings of Lenin to his men. He is also a ruthless disciplinarian who did not hesitate to shoot people who are careless and in the arena this time he gained a reputation for cold-blooded cruelty in the mass executions fanatical supporters of the ousted president Batista. At the time of the revolution was won, Guevara is the second person after Fidel Castro in Cuba and the new government was responsible for pushing Castro into the communist communism toward freedom is not the orthodox style communism Moscow adopted some of their colleagues. Che organized and directed the "Instituto Nacional de la Reforma Agraria", which make up the contents of agrarian law confiscating the lands of feudal lords (the landlord), established the Department of Industry and was appointed as President of the National Bank of Cuba and displacing the communists from the government, and postal -strategic posts. He acted tough against two French Marxist economist who asked for advice by Fidel Castro and Che who want to act more slowly. Che also against Soviet advisers. He brought the Cuban economy so fast into total Communism, into crop and production diversification, that he temporarily ruined.

Marriage Che Guevara

In 1959, Guevara March Aledia married, then both visited Egypt, India, Japan, Indonesia, who also attended the Asian-African Conference, Pakistan and Yugoslavia. Back in Cuba, he was appointed as Minister of Industry, signed a trade pact (February 1960) with the release of the Soviet Union the Cuban sugar industry from dependence on the American market. It is a sign of failure in the Congo will and Bolivia an axiom would be a mistake is inevitable. "It is not necessary to wait until the conditions for revolution exist: the instructional focus can create" 'And, with Mao Tse-tung, he believed that the countryside must bring the revolution to a city predominantly farmers. Also at this time he spread his communist philosophy (later published in "The Socialism and Man in Cuba", March 12, 1965). He summarizes their respective ideologies to "Man can indeed achieve the perfect level of humanity when he produces without being compelled by physical needs, so he had to sell himself as a commodity".

Official opposition to the Soviet Union as the organization looks to Asia Solidarity Africa in Algeria (February 1965) accused the Soviet Union as an accomplice of imperialism with trade not only with the countries of the Communist bloc, and provide assistance to developing countries socialist thought of return. He also attacked the Soviet government for its policy of coexistence and for Revisionism. Three conferences Guevara continent to realize the program of revolutionary, insurrectionary, guerrilla cooperation in Africa, Asia and South America. In addition, after the forced contact with the United States, he was the representative of Cuba in the United Nations to attack North American countries for their greedy and merciless imperialist activity in Latin America.

Che attitude uncompromising on two capitalist and communist countries to force Castro to Che (1965, not officially, but in practice. For several months a secret and his death was widely rumored. He was in various African countries, notably the Congo where he surveying the possibilities of turning the Kinshasa rebellion into a Communist revolution by Cuban guerrilla tactics. He returned to Cuba to train volunteers for this project and send a force of 120 Cubans to the Congo. His men fought in earnest but not so with the rebels Kinshasa. they were useless against the Belgian mercenaries and by autumn 1965 Che asked Castro to withdraw Cuban aid.

Free Articles! Please enter your email.
Print PDF
Next
« Prev Post
Previous
Next Post »
Copyright © 2012. My Article - All Rights Reserved | Template Created by Kompi Ajaib | Modified by Ibrahim Lubis