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Biography of Christiaan Huygens


Biography of Christiaan Huygens
Huygens was born on 14 April 1629 in the Hague, Netherlands from a noble family. His father, Constantin Huygens is a physics scholar and a diplomat. He hopes his son to be a great scientist, so ask Mersenne and Descartes, two eminent scientists of the day, to give courses on young Huygens.

Huygens studied geometry, mechanics, and ability to play a musical instrument at home until the age of 16 years. His teacher was very influential Descartes successful pumping his interest in mathematics.

Christiaan Huygens studied law and mathematics at Leiden Universitas between the years 1645 to 1647. Van Schooten teach math. Then, from 1647 until 1649, Huygens studied law and mathematics. Lucky, he studied mathematics at John Pell. Then, corresponding to Marsene.

In 1649, Huygens went to Denmark as a diplomat and hope to continue to Stockholm to see Descartes. Unfortunately, the weather did not support.

Observing Titan
Huygens scientific work was first published in 1651, namely that discuss Cyclometriae circle. Then, in 1654 he produced De circuli Magnitudine Inventa that address a wide range of things scientific issues.

He also took an interest in the manufacture of lenses and telescopes. In 1654, he found a new method of making lenses. A year later, he managed to observe Saturn's satellites is Titan. The lenses are developed at a later date is also used for observation of distant planets, satellites, and the Orion nebula. In the same year he went to Paris and met Boulliau are advised to learn about probability to Pascal and Fermat.

When he returned to the Netherlands, Huygens result of his work on the calculus of probability, namely De Ratiociniis in Ludo Aleae. Furthermore, he discovered Saturn's rings, but in contrast to the theory of Saturn's rings are made Roberval and Boulliau. Galileo few years earlier considered as part of the Saturn rings of Saturn.

In 1659, Huygens published his Systema Saturnium explaining the phases and phase changes in Saturn's rings. Observations of other scientists that Fabri in 1665, was the theory of Huygens.

In 1656, he patented his invention pendulum clock, which can improve the accuracy of the time measurement. Theory of pendulum motion expressed in Horologium Oscillatorium sive de motu pendulorum (1673). He also discovered the law of centrifugal force uniform circular motion.

In 1661, Huygens went to London, to find out more Institute of the Royal Society, which meets at Gresham College. He put enormous attention in the British scientists, and kept in contact afterwards.

He demonstrated his telescope, and British scientists using telescopes that. King and Queen of England put the telescope to observe the Moon and Saturn.

Hours berpendulum
While in London, Huygens saw Boyle discovery vacuum pump, and he used it. In 1663, Huygens a member of the prestigious Royal Society scientific institutions. Huygens pendulum clock design patented in the same year.

Experiments Huygens on elastic collisions of objects Descartes' error of law shows the collision. This theme was raised in a meeting of the Royal Society in 1668. Royal Society asking questions about the impact and Huygens answered through experiments momentum of two objects before the collision with both momentum after the collision. The answer was later called the Law of Conservation of Momentum.

Circular motion of a research theme Huygens time, but he was also thinking about Descartes's theory of gravity which is based on materials spins (called vortices). Something is wrong in the theory of Descartes. In 1669, Huygens visited the Academie discuss this issue. After that, Roberval and Mariotte had corrected the views of Descartes.

Due to frequent alternating French-Dutch, Huygens fell ill in 1670. Before leaving Paris, France, Huygens promise not to publish his research on the mechanics before it is sent to the Royal Society.

Year 1671, Huygens return to Paris. However, in 1672, King Louis XIV invaded the Netherlands, Huygens saw difficult position, and became a very important thing for him was in Paris. French scientists strongly support the research.

Huygens in 1672 met with Leibniz in Paris. After that Leibniz is routinely visited Academie. Leibniz indebted to Huygens, because he studied mathematics at the Huygens. In the same year, Huygens learned about the working principle of Newton's telescope and light. He tried criticized Newton's theory of light, especially about color.

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