Christopher Columbus (October 30, 1451 - May 20, 1506) was an explorer and trader who crossed the Atlantic Ocean and to the continent of America on October 12, 1492 under the flag of Castilian Spain. He believes that the Earth is a small ball, and beranggap a ship to get to the Far East via the western route.
Columbus was not the first to arrive in America, which he found was already occupied. He is also not the first European to reach the continent since it is now widely recognized that the Norsemen of Northern Europe had visited North America in the 11th century and founded the colony of L'Anse aux Meadows for a brief period. There are estimates that the unknown sailor ever visit to America before Columbus and membekalkannya the source to its former glory. There are also many theories about the expedition to America by people of all time.
Columbus, in an effort to find a way from Europe to the East, was accidentally met the American continent which makes it more influential in the history of the world, to her surprise yourself. His discovery as well as a crown of exploration and colonization of the New World and served as an important milestone in the history. Columbus is like opening the door to the European continent for two new settlements, population spread and provide resources and mineral wealth of the earth, which in turn changed the face of Europe. Together with that, the discovery also led to the destruction of the culture of the Indians. In the long term, the discovery that gave birth to a new nation in the western hemisphere continents, which very quickly distinguished themselves as native Indians. As a result, Columbus brought great change to the nations of the Old World.
The outline of the story of Columbus is not a new problem. He was born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451. When set up, he became a captain and a navigator who deftly. Finally Colombus sure not impossible to find a more practical way to areas in eastern Asia by sailing westward across the Atlantic Ocean, and he diligently pioneering determination. Of course, the intention is not going to happen without considerable cost. That's why Columbus persuaded Queen Isabella I provide a budget for the expedition experiments.
His ship was anchored off the port of Spain on August 3, 1492. Melabuh first in the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa. Weighed anchor in the Canary Islands on 6 September and sailed rate west direction. A cruise is not playing long, so it is not strange if the crew was horrified and wanted to return it. Columbus? No! Journey must continue, once abstinence rolled sail. And on October 2, 1492 was like a piece of land looks green silk bow.
Columbus returned to Spain next March's devastating exploration greeted people with respect. After that he did a series of voyage across the Atlantic in hopes to gain a foothold in China and Japan. But in vain! Columbus remained adamant in his mind that he had found the route to East Asia long before anyone else realized.
Queen Isabella promised Columbus became governor of the island where he encountered. However, as an administrator he really inept that was dismissed and sent home to Spain with his hands shackled. However, upon arrival in Spain he was released just never been given the post again. Rumor says Columbus died in poverty without any funding whatsoever. When his death in 1506-another news-there is also the little assets.
Ship "Nina," "Pinta" and the "Santa Maria" sailed to the New World
Obviously, the first voyage Columbus was a revolutionary change in the history of Europe, and even had a bigger impact for the European Continent. All school children memorize the year 1492 was an important year. Even so there are still many possibilities that mind putting in the order list names Colombus this book.
One objection is that instead of Columbus the first European to discover the New World. Leif Ericson, Viking sailors, many centuries before Columbus had set foot on the American continent and the so-so some Europeans believed others had crossed the Atlantic in the period between the Leif Ericson and Columbus.
From this point of history, Leif Ericson was not an important figure. Matters concerning the findings have not been widespread, so does not leave anything changes both in America and Europe. Instead, news of the discovery of America by Columbus spread like lightning across Europe. Just a few years after his return Colombus, and as a direct result of the discovery, many additional expedition arrived in the New World and the conquest and colonization even start.
Like the other characters in this book, Colombus susceptible to various disorders comments as if what he did other people do if Columbus had never lived. European 15th century AD are in a state of worry and berkemelut: world trade flourished, the exploration of new areas is inevitable. The Portuguese in fact it is very actively seeking a new path flows to the East, at the decisive moments before Columbus.
"The landing of Columbus" by John Vanderlyn
America is likely sooner or later discovered by the Europeans, and even once even if it may be there is a delay, it's time not so long ago. But the next development would be very different if the United States found-say, in 1510 - by the expedition of the French or English, rather than in 1492 by Columbus. Whatever pretext, is in fact Colombuslah who discovered America.
Possible third objection is, even before Columbus' journey many European people the 15th century that has been advised that in fact the earth is round shape. This theory has been expressed by the Greek philosophers centuries before, and the justification of the hypothesis unwavering Aristotle was enough to convince the European intellectuals in the 1400's. Meanwhile, Columbus himself is not famous people to show that the earth is round. (At least, he did not manage to do it). He was famous in the New World discoveries, which both Europeans the 15th century or Aristotle did not know anything about the existence of the American continent.
Morals Colombus not entirely admirable. He is famous miser. The nature is what caused him to have difficulty obtaining funding support of Queen Isabella for Columbus' greed too revealing when bargaining. Also-although not appropriate ethical accused by size today-he treated the Indians with cruelty so. Therefore, this book is not a list made up of people who are most sage in history, but the most influential people, and within the framework of this measure Colombus ranks almost at the top.