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Biography of Edward Jenner (1749-1823)


Jenner was born in 1749, in the small town of Berkeley in Cloucestershire, England. As a twelve-year-old boy he had become an apprentice surgeon. Then he studied anatomy and worked in a hospital. In 1792 he obtained a diploma from the University of St. physicians. Andrew. In his mid-forties he's a doctor and surgeon weighs in Goncestershire.

Jenner was used to trust - commonly embraced by farmers and milkmaid in the region - that the person who kehinggapan disease "cowpox" sort of minor animal diseases that can be transmitted to humans, will never struck down with smallpox. ("Cowpox" itself is not dangerous, although the symptoms are similar to ordinary smallpox). Jenner noticed, when the confidence of farmers it contains the truth, then inject "cowpox" into the human body would be a safe way to make them immune to smallpox. He carefully studied this issue, and by the year 1796 he strongly believes that it is the belief of the peasants did not miss. So Jenner decided to try it in person.

In May 1796 Jenner inoculate James Phipps, an eight year old boy with something taken from spots disease "cowpox" in the hands of a dairy farmer. As was expected, the little boy kehinggapan "cowpox" but quickly recovered. A few weeks later, Jenner injected smallpox serum Phipps. And as is expected in the boy did not look for signs of disease.
Biography of Edward Jenner (1749-1823)
After in-depth investigation bebih, Jenner introduced the results of his efforts through a thin book entitled An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae, issued privately in 1798. The book that is a cause received vaccinations in general and widespread. After that Jenner wrote five more articles on the subject of vaccination, and the many years he devoted his time to disseminate technical knowledge and hard work to make it acceptable person.

The practice of vaccination is growing fast in the UK, and then be required in the Army and Royal Navy. And along with it is also accepted by most countries in the world.

Jenner freely offered his technique to the world and made no effort to obtain any financial gain from it. However, in the British Parliament in 1802 as a sign of gratitude and appreciation presented him the sum of 20,000 pounds. So Jenner became the tennasyhur in the universe, flooded various honors and medals. Jenner married and has three children. He lived until the age of 73 years, died in the early taliun 1823 at his home in the city of Berkeley.

As we have seen, Jenner created the idea that the disease itself "cowpox" can provide immunity against smallpox; he heard it from someone else problem. And there is also evidence suggesting that existing vaccination "cowpox" before Jenner did.

However, although not a scientist Jenner original incredible, not many people who have done something so great benefit to humanity. Through inquiry-investigation, experiments, and his writings, he channeled and turn ordinary people's confidence that was not taken seriously by the world of medicine, a standard practice that has saved millions of lives. Although Jenner technique can only be used to prevent one disease, but the disease is really a disease that has the weight of the danger. Thanks to the work that he received praise and respect, both in his time and later generations.

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