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Biography of Harold Lasswell~Pioneers of Communication Theory


Harold Dwight Lasswell was born on February 13, 1902. he was a leading political scientist and the United States and a founder of the theory of communication.

He also is a member of the Chicago school of sociology and was a professor of Chicago school of sociology at Yale University, in addition he also was president of the American Political Science Association (APSA) and the World Academy of Art and Science (WAAS).

According to a biography written by Gabriel Almond at death Lasswell published by the National Academy of Sciences in 1987, Lasswell included in the ranking of creative innovators in the social sciences in the twentieth century. "At that point, Almond asserted that" some will assert that he is the most original political scientist and the most productive in his time. "

Biography of Harold Lasswell - Pioneers of Communication Theory

Field of research in which Lasswell worked the importance of personality, social structure, and culture in the explanation of political phenomena. In the future he will be recorded using a variety of methodological approaches which later became standard in a variety of intellectual traditions, including interview techniques, content analysis, para-experimental techniques, and statistical measurements.

He is best known for his commentary on the theory of communication:
Who (says) What (to) Whom (in) What Channel (with) What Effect
Who (says) What (to) Who (in) What Channel (with) What Effect

Lasswell studied at the University of Chicago in 1920, and greatly influenced by the pragmatism taught there, especially as expressed by John Dewey and George Herbert Mead. He was more influential in the philosophy that informs much Freudian analysis of propaganda and communication in general. During World War II, Lasswell served as Head of the Experimental Division for the Study of War Time Communications at the Library of Congress. He analyzed Nazi propaganda films to identify the mechanisms of persuasion are used to secure the approval and support of the German people to Hitler and wartime atrocities. Always looking ahead, at the end of his life, Lasswell experimented with questions about astropolitics, the political consequences of the colonization of other planets, and "Colony of Man Machine."

Lasswell is an important role in the development of post-World War II. Similarly, the definition of propaganda is also seen as an important development to understand the purpose of propaganda. Studies on propraganda Laswell, which is making inroads on the subject to expand the current view of means and ends to be achieved through propaganda to not only include changes in opinions but also changes in action. His books aim to indoctrinate regarded as typical propaganda. He inspired the definition given by the Institute for Propaganda Analysis.
"Propaganda is the expression of opinions or actions carried out deliberately by individuals or groups with the intent to influence the opinions or actions of another person or group for purposes that have been determined through psychological manipulation"

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