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Biography of Ibn Sina


Syeikhur Rais, Abu Ali Husein ibn Abdillah ibn Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sina, known as Avicenna or Aviciena Hijriyah born in the year 370 in a village called Khormeisan near Bukhara. Since childhood, Ibn Sina from families madzhab Ismailis are already familiar with the scientific discussion is mainly delivered by his father. A very high intelligence makes it stand out that one of his teachers advised his father to Ibn Sina did not plunge into any work besides studying and studying.

Thus, Ibn Sina fully give attention to scientific activity. He quickly mastered the genius to make a lot of science, and though still young, he already proficient in the field of medicine. He became well-known, so that the King of Bukhara Nuh ibn Mansur who ruled between AD 366 to 387 Hijriyah fell ill while calling Ibn Sina to treat and cure. Thanks to that, Ibn Sina can freely enter the palace library Samani great. Ibn Sina on the library that says so:

Biography of Ibn Sina

"All the books that I want to be there. In fact I find a lot of books that most people did not even know his name. I myself have never seen and will never see again. Therefore I diligently read the books and use them as much as possible ... When I was stepping 18 years, I have successfully completed all fields of science. "Ibn Sina master various sciences such as wisdom, mantiq, and the various branches of mathematics.

His work in the political arena in the court of Mansur, king Samani dynasty, also his position as a minister in the government of Abu Tahir Syamsud Deilami Daulah and political conflict caused by the power struggle between the nobility, did not reduce the activity of Ibn Sina science. Even long safari to various parts and detention for several months in jail Tajul Muk, ruler of Hamedan, did not prevent him to deliver hundreds of volumes of scientific papers and treatises.

While in the palace and live in peace and can easily obtain the desired book, Ibn Sina busied himself with writing the book Qanun in medicine or write a philosophical encyclopedia dibeni name of the book Al-Shifa '. But when it comes to traveling he wrote a small book called the treatise. While in prison, Ibn Sina busied himself by composing verse poetry, or writing religious contemplation with a wonderful method.

Among the books and treatises written by Ibn Sina, the book of al-Shifa 'in philosophy and al-Qanun in medical science known throughout the mass. Al-Shifa 'written in 18 volumes discusses philosophy, mantiq, mathematics, natural sciences and ilahiyyat. Mantiq al-Shifa 'is now recognized as the most authentic book on Islamic mantiq science, while natural and ilahiyyat discussion of the book al-Shifa' till now is still the subject of study.

In medicine, the book Al-Qanun Ibn Sina's writings for centuries became the main reference books and most authentic. Book examines kaedah-kaedah general medicine, drugs and various diseases. Along with the rise of the translation movement in the 12th century BC, the book Al-Qanun Ibn Sina's works translated into Latin. Now the book has also been translated into English, French and German. Al-Qanun is a book of a collection of ancient methods of treatment and methods of treatment of Islam. This book has been a curriculum of medical education in the universities of Europe.

Ibnu also has a major role in developing the various fields of science. He translated the works of Aqlides and run the observatory for astronomy. In the energy problem Ibn Sina gives the results of research will issue a vacuum, light and heat to the treasures of the world of science.

It is said that Ibn Sina has written works in Latin entitled De Conglutineation Lagibum. In one chapter of this paper, Avicenna discusses the origin of the name of the mountains. This discussion is very interesting. There Ibn Sina said, "The possibility of the mountain created for two reasons. First ballooning outer skin of the earth and this is happening because of severe earthquake shaking. Both because of the water to find a way to flow. The process resulted in the valleys together and gave birth to bubbles on the surface of the earth. Because most of the earth's surface hard and partly soft. The wind also played by blowing some and leave some of it in place. This is the cause of bumps on the outer shell of the earth. "

Ibn Sina with the power of logic-that in many respects the theory of mathematics even in medicine and the treatment process as well-known as a philosopher is unparalleled. According to him, a person will be recognized as a scientist, if he is master of philosophy perfectly. Ibn Sina was very careful in studying the views of Aristotle in philosophy. When told of his experiences studying Aristotle, Ibn Sina claimed that he read the book of Aristotle's Metaphysics as much as 40 times. He mastered the purpose of the book is perfect after reading Sharh or explanation 'metaphysics of Aristotle, "written by Al-Farabi, Muslim philosophers ever.

In philosophy, the life of Abu Ali Ibn Sina experienced two significant periods. The first period is the period when he followed the schools of philosophy paripatetik. In this period, known as the translator of Ibn Sina Aristotle. The second period is the period when Ibn Sina paripatetik withdraw from the schools and as he said himself inclined to the idea of ​​illumination.

Thanks to the research and study of the philosophy that made the earlier philosophers such as Al-Kindi and Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina successfully construct a coordinated system of Islamic philosophy neatly. Great job done Ibn Sina was answering unanswerable philosophical problems before.

Ibn Sina's philosophical influences such as works of thought and his study in medicine is not restricted to the Islamic world but also reaching Europe. Albertos Magnus, a German scientist who lived from Dominique flow between the years 1200-1280 AD was the first European to write a full explanation of the philosophy of Aristotle. He is known as a pioneer of the main Christian Aristotle. He was the one who wed the Christian world with Aristotle. He knows the views and ideas of the great Greek philosophers from the books of Ibn Sina. Ibn Sina's philosophy of metaphysics is a summary of the themes of philosophical truth recognized two centuries later by Western thinkers.

Ibn Sina died in 428 AH at the age of 58 years. He went after donating much to the scientific treasures of mankind and his name will always be remembered throughout history. Ibn Sina is a great example of Iranian civilization in his day.

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