Sore throat, or pharyngitis, is an inflammatory disease that attacks the trachea. The disease is often called a strep throat is characterized by thickening / swelling of the throat, reddish, there are white spots, accompanied by pain swallowing. Sore throat can be caused by infection with a virus or bacteria, with a weak immune system. Treatment with antibiotics is only effective on inflammation caused by bacteria.
For a mild case of strep throat, sometimes eating healthy foods like vegetables, fruits rich in vitamins can help relieve inflammation. Symptoms of strep throat often foreshadow the flu or a cold. Sore Throat / Pharyngitis, there are two kinds, namely: acute and chronic
1. Acute pharyngitis.
Sore throat is still new, with symptoms of sore throat, sometimes accompanied by fever and cough.
2. CHRONIC pharyngitis.
Sore throat that has lasted for a long time, usually accompanied by pain in swallowing, but felt there was something jammed in the throat.
Causes of Sore Throat
1. Virus, 80% of sore throats are caused by viruses, can cause fever
2. Coughs and colds / mucus (snot) can make throat irritation.
3. Coxsackie virus (hand, foot, and mouth disease).
4. Allergies can also cause mild irritation of the throat that are chronic (persistent).
5. Streptococcal bacteria.
Can be identified by throat culture. This test is generally performed in the laboratory using a patient's throat swab results. And, the classic symptoms of strep bacteria such as severe pain when swallowing, visible white spots, vomiting - vomiting, ulcers in thyroid gland, accompanied by enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Symptoms of Sore Throat
Both viral and bacterial infection, the same symptoms are sore throat and painful swallowing. Mucous membrane lining the throat experiencing severe or mild inflammation, will close a whitish membrane or ooze pus.
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
- Increase in the number of white blood cells.
Symptoms can be found in infections due to viruses or bacteria, but rather are typical symptoms to infection because of bacteria.
Identify Causes of Sore Throat
In mild cases of viral infection should not be a doctor because given enough painkillers or fever. In cases that are not caused by a virus may be necessary doctor's examination.
Before giving medication, it is important for doctors to find the cause of strep throat in order to establish the correct diagnosis in order to prevent inappropriate antibiotic administration for most patients because it can cause strep throat organisms resistant to antibiotics.
Throat Infection Antibiotic Therapy Should Not
For strep throat high fever, runny nose / mucus is green or yellow is a symptom of the way the virus infection, most doctors often give antibiotic therapy. Though these conditions are not indicative of antibiotics. Except for cases with a high fever, during 3-5 days of antibiotics should be considered.
Prior to treatment - prescribing, it is important that we know the cause of strep throat to prevent inappropriate antibiotic administration-which often occurs in cases of strep throat, because it can lead to germs that are resistant to antibiotics.
To find the cause of strep throat should be examined carefully in the throat and lymph nodes in the neck. Furthermore, the throat swab test to determine the presence or absence of bacteria. Laboratory tests need to be done if there is a suspicion diagnosis strep throat caused by streptococcus bacteria of clinical and epidemiological findings, and the patient has not been taking antibiotics.
In addition, it is also necessary to check the sensitivity to antibiotics in patients who are allergic to penicillin due to streptococcal bacteria that are resistant to erytromisin.
Do not let the patient is taking antibiotics before he knew how the immune body and sore throat should see a doctor to find out he suffered the severity of the disease. If the sore throat is caused by allergies, the patient should always keep the body fit must not drink and eating food that makes my throat sore.
Most of the cases, these complaints will subside on its own. To help ease the pain, doctors usually prescribe a pain reliever is. For example, acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen can help relieve pain and fever. Gargling with warm salt water can also help. It could also gargle atauanesthetic anesthetic throat gargle.
FDA (Food Drug Adm.) food and drug watchdog the U.S., noted that the Chlorhexidine Gluconate mouthwash (CG) the results of clinical trials have antimicrobial activity for oral rinse / mouth. As a result, from microbial plaque samples were studied, have shown a reduction in the number of bacteria in general-both aerobic and anaerobic, ranging from 54-97% for the use of CG.
In addition, the use of CG as an oral rinse for 6 months - did not show any significant changes in bacterial resistance, overgrowth of potentially opportunistic organisms or other changes in the oral microbial ecosystem. And, three months after discontinued use of CG. Many of the bacteria in the plaque back to the base line level - not resistens plaque bacteria. Therefore, the CG can be used as an alternative to relieve sore throat and canker sores.
Complications Do Underrated.
Sore throat is often overlooked, because generally mild. In fact, in most cases, about 10 -20% if allowed to drag on, this inflammation can lead to the emergence of other diseases. Almost everyone has experienced pain in the throat. However, not much to check with your doctor before the pain becomes severe throat. In fact, the new patients usually go to the doctor when severe inflammation - barely could no longer swallow food.
Sore throat is not really the name of the disease, but a symptom of various diseases that arise. In medical terminology, commonly referred to as strep throat throat or Pharyngitis afternoon. Grievances vary, from simply itching in the throat to severe pain that feels painful to swallow. Do not stop there, stress and overwork can weaken your immune system and trigger a throat infection. The cause of strep throat are of different kinds - al: viral infections, bacterial infections, allergies and irritation.
Pharyngitis due to viruses and bacteria can be transmitted through saliva, which spread during coughing (drooplet infection), or via the hands or personal items contaminated patients. The average incubation period of strep throat between two to five days. However, if due to a virus, the incubation period ranges from three days to two weeks. Infections caused by influenza virus is contagious and is easily spread. In this condition, inflammation lasts about three to ten days. Generally, inflammation was more severe in the morning and gets better as the day progresses.
Usually accompanied by a sense of weakness, decreased appetite, fever, and cough. Sore throat is also found in other viral infections such as boils and measles. The body needs a week to build up antibodies to destroy the viruses. Infectious Mononucleosis, or commonly called Mono Epstein Barr Virus caused, and takes longer to sembuh.Virus this affects the lymphatic system, causing enlargement of the tonsils and white patches appear on the surface. In addition, the swelling of the veins in the neck.
Such infections usually cause severe sore throat, thus making the patient breathing difficulties. This virus also causes exhaustion that can last more than six weeks. Sometimes the virus also attacks the liver and causes jaundice. Although nicknamed Mono Kissing Disease, he not only can be transmitted through saliva. Transmission can also occur from the mouth to the hands, then from hand to mouth or from the use of towels or cutlery together.
For bacteria, the most common and most serious complications in this group A streptococcus betahemolitis. This bacteria causes strep throat and diseases associated with damage to the valves in the heart (rheumatic fever) and kidneys (nephritis), tonsillitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, and ear infections. Another cause of sore throat is laryngo-pharyngeal reflux (LPR). In people with allergies usually experience pain in the throat in the morning when stomach acid rises up and get in the back of the throat. Feel a lump in your throat and a sour taste. Patients often remove phlegm to clear the throat.
Therefore, it would be wise us-patients and doctors, not to ignore / allow pain sore throat is severe enough to cause complications.