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Biography Jalal al-Din al-Rumi


Jalal al-Din Muhammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Mohammad Ibn Husayn al-Rumi was born in 604 AH (1207/8 M) in Balkh (now Afghanistan). His father Baha al-Din was a renowned scholars. Under his patronage, Rumi received his early education from Syed Burhan-al-Din. When he was about 18 years old, the family (after several migrations) finally settled at Konya and at the age of 25, Rumi was sent to Aleppo for advanced education and later to Damascus. Rumi continued his education until he was 40 years old, although on his father's death Rumi succeeded him as a professor in the famous Madrasah at Konya at the age of about 24 years. He received training at the hands of the first mystic Syed Burhan al-Din and later he was trained by Shams al-Din of Tabriz. He became famous for his mystical insight, religious knowledge and as a Persian poet. He used to teach a large number of students at his Madrasah and also founded the famous Maulvi Order in Tasawwuf. He died in 672 AH (1273 CE) at Konya, which subsequently became a holy place for dancing derveshes Maulvi Order.

His main contribution lies in Islamic philosophy and Sufism. This is largely embodied in poetry, especially through the famous Mathnawi letter. This book, the largest mystical exposition in verse, discusses and offers solutions to many complicated problems in metaphysics, religion, mysticism, ethics, etc. Basically, Mathnawi highlights the various hidden aspects of Sufism and their relationship with the worldly life. For this, Rumi refers to a variety of subjects and derives numerous examples from everyday life. The main subject is the relationship between man and God on the one hand, and between man and man, on the other. He apparently believes Pantheism and describe the various stages of human evolution in his journey towards the Ultimate.

Regardless of Mathnaui, he also wrote in the Diwan (collection of poems) and Fihi-Ma-FIH (collection of mystical sayings). How-ever, it is the Mathnawi itself that has largely transmitted Rumi's message. Soon after completion, other scholars started writing detailed comments on it, in order to interpret the rich propositions on Tasawwuf, Metaphysics and Ethics. Some of the comments in different languages have been written since then.

His impact on philosophy, mysticism, literature, and culture, has been so deep throughout Central Asia and most Islamic countries that almost all scholars, mystics, philosophers, sociologists and others referred to in paragraph during the centuries since his death. Most of the difficult issues in this area seems to get Simpli-fied in the light of his references. The message seems to have inspired most of the intellectuals in Central Asia and the lands since time, and scholars like Iqbal have further developed the concept of Rumi. The Mathnawi is known as the interpretation of the Qur'an in the Pahlavi language. He was one of the few intellectuals and mystics whose views have so greatly influenced worldview perspective higher in most of the Muslim world.

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