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History of Red and White Flag Indonesia


Flag of the Republic of Indonesia, in brief, the flag State, is the Red and White. State of the Red and White Flag rectangular with a width of 2/3 (two-thirds) of the length and the upper red and the lower white both halves of equal size. Flag Indonesia has a philosophical meaning. Red means bold, white means holy. Red symbolizes the human body, whereas white symbolizes the human soul. Both complement each other and refine to Indonesia.

Red and white colors taken from the flag of the kingdom of Majapahit. Actually, not only the kingdom of Majapahit are wearing red and white flag as a symbol of greatness. Before Majapahit kingdom of Kediri was wearing red and white pennants. In addition, the flag of war Sisingamangaraja IX of Batak lands were wearing red and white as the color of the flag, the white twin swords illustrated with bright red and white base. Red and white flag of war is Sisingamangaraja XII. Two twin swords symbolize piso cannabis densely packed, heritage kings Sisingamangaraja I-XII. When the war in Aceh, fighters - fighters in Aceh have used the flag of war in the form of banners in red and white, on the back of the image is applied swords, crescent moon, sun, and stars as well as some verses of the Quran.

In an age Bugis kingdom of Bone, South Sulawesi before White Palakka, the flag, is a symbol of power and greatness of the kingdom Bone.Bendera Bone was known as Woromporang. At the time of the Java War (1825-1830 AD) of Prince Diponegoro wearing red banner of white in his struggle against the Dutch. Later, the colors are revived by students and then nationalists in the early 20th century as an expression of nationalism against the Dutch. Flag used for the first time in Java in 1928. Under colonial rule, the flag was banned from use. It was adopted as the national flag on August 17, 1945, when independence was declared and has been used since then as well.

In terms of history, from ancient days both red and white sacred meaning. The red color similar to the color of brown sugar / palm sugar and white color similar to the color of the rice. Both of these materials are a key ingredient in the cuisine of Indonesia, particularly in Java. When the kingdom of Majapahit triumphed in the archipelago, color banners used are red and white (white banners brother). Since the first color is red and white used by the Javanese ceremonies content salvation after four months old baby in the womb in the form of porridge red colored portion. The Javanese believe that pregnancy begins from the merging of elements of red as a symbol of the mother, the blood that spilled when the baby was born, and white as a symbol of the father element, which is planted in the womb.

Legislation Red and White Flag

Flag state governed by the '45 Constitution Article 35, Law No. 24/2009 and Government Regulation No.40/1958 on the National Flag of the Republic of Indonesia. State Flag is made of fabric and the color does not fade with the provisions of size:

200 cm x 300 cm for use in the field of the presidential palace;
120 cm x 180 cm for use in the public square;
100 cm x 150 cm for use in the room;
36 cm x 54 cm for use in the car the President and Vice President;
30 cm x 45 cm for use in cars of state officials;
20 cm x 30 cm for use in public transport vehicles;
100 cm x 150 cm for use on board;
100 cm x 150 cm for use on the train;
30 cm x 45 cm for use on airplanes, and
10 cm x 15 cm for use at the table.

Hoisting and / or installation of the flag of the State made at the time between sunrise to sunset. In certain circumstances, it can be done at night.

State flag shall be flown at each of Indonesian Independence Day on August 17 by a citizen who control the rights to the use of the home, or office buildings, educational units, public transport and private transport throughout the territory of the Republic of Indonesia and the Indonesian representative office in abroad.

State flag shall be flown every day at:

palace of President and Vice President;
office building or state institutions;
office building or government agency;
office building or government agencies;
office building or local government agency;
office buildings or regional parliaments;
building representative office of the Republic of Indonesia or abroad;
education unit building or yard;
building or private office;
the position of President and Vice President;
the leadership role of state institutions;
home office minister;
house leadership positions nonkementerian government agencies;
the office of governor, regents, mayors, and district;
building or a home office or other positions;
border posts and the outer islands in the territory of the Republic of Indonesia;
The Indonesian military and the Indonesian National Police, and
garden tomb of national hero.

State flags as a lid or can be mounted on a bier or coffin bier President or Vice-President, former President and former Vice President, members of state institutions, ministers or ministerial-level officials, regional heads, members of regional parliaments, heads of diplomatic missions, Indonesian National Armed Forces, Indonesian National Police members who died in service, and / or Indonesian citizens who contributed to the nation.

State flag was hoisted on the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence on August 17, 1945 in East Pegangsaan Road No. 56 Jakarta called the Heritage Flag Saka Merah Putih. Flag Sang Saka Merah Putih heirloom stored and maintained at the National Monument in Jakarta.

It is forbidden:

damage, tearing, trampling, burning, or perform other actions with the intention of tarnishing, insulting, or demeaning the honor of the flag State;
Flag State to use billboards or commercials;
flying the flag of the State of damaged, torn, faded, wrinkled, or dull;
printing, embroidery, and wrote letters, numbers, images or other signs and put up a badge or any object on the Flag of the State, and
use the Flag State for ceiling, roof, wrapping items, and items that can be closed lose honor Flag State.

According to the equity position as a national flag, the flag is similar to the flag of Monaco has the same color but a different ratio, but it is also similar to the flag of the Polish flag has the same colors, but the colors reversed.

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