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Knowing Perception, Illusion, and Hallucination


We would often hear the term perception, illusion, and hallucination. In psychological science, the words are very familiar to those engaged in it. But what exactly is the perception, illusion, and hallucination in terms of the psyche?

Perception is the result of interaction between the two factors, namely sensory stimuli which are mapped to an individual or individuals and the factors that influence or processing stimuli that regulate intra-psychic. influencing factors can be biological, social, and psychological. Because of the influence upon between the two factors, in which also joined the association, then there was an outcome of specific interactions that are "mental picture".

Illusion is a sensory perception caused by the stimulation of the five senses are interpreted incorrectly. In other words, the illusion is an incorrect interpretation of a stimulus to the senses. For example, a patient with a feeling of guilt, can interpret the rustling of leaves as the sound of approaching. The illusion is often the case in the event of tremendous fear in people or because of intoxication, whether caused by toxins, infections, and use of narcotics and addictive substances.

The illusion occurs in various forms, visual illusions (vision), acoustic (hearing), olfaktorik (pembauan), gustatorik (taste), and the illusion of tactile (touching).

Hallucinations are sensory perceptions that occur without stimulation of the sensory receptors. In other words, hallucinations are perceptions without an object.

Hallucinations are a symptom of a serious mental illness (serious). Individuals hear the sound in the absence of an acoustic stimulus. Individuals seeing something in the absence of visual stimuli, smell a rat something without the stimulation of the sense of smell.

Hallucinations are common in people with schizophrenia and a drug addict. Hallucinations can also occur in normal people, the hallucinations that occur while switching between bedtime and wake time. It is called hallucinations hypnagogik.

Various forms of hallucinations tiger

Acoustic hallucinations (hearing)
Hallucinations are often in the form:

Akoasma, that sounds a mess that can not be distinguished clearly

Phonema, the voices that shaped the sound is clear as those from humans, so people hear the words of a certain phrase or sentence

Visual hallucinations (visual)
Patients see something that does not exist. Visual hallucinations often cause great fear in people.

Hallucinations olfaktorik (pembauan)
Patients who did not smell a rat something she likes. Hallucinations are illustrations of guilt sufferers.

Hallucinations gustatorik (taster)
Hallucinations gustatorik pure rare, but often occurs together with hallucinations olfaktorik.

Tactile hallucinations (feeling)
Hallucinations are often found in drug addicts and drugs.

Hallucinations haptik
Hallucination is a perception, in which the patient's body as if physical contact with another human being or other objects. Often these patterned haptik sexual hallucinations, and very often found in drug addicts.

Kinesthetic hallucinations
Patients feel that the members of his body apart from his body, changing its form, and the move itself. This often occurs in people with schizophrenia and a drug addict.

Hallucinations autoskopi
Patients as if saw himself standing in front of him.

Schizophrenia Patients really need to be pitied because of the suffering he endured. But why many people choose to change his life beautiful and worthwhile by using drugs and having a wide range of serious psychiatric disorders? No one knows ...

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