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Biography of Syed Ahmad Khan


Ahmad Khan was born the 6th of Dhu al-Hijjah 1232 AH or October 17, 1817 AD in the city of Delhi. His ancestors came from the Arabian Peninsula who later moved to Herat, Persia (Iran), because of political pressure at the time of the Umayyad dynasty (41 H/661 M - 133 H/750 M). From Herat they migrated to Hindustan (India) and settled there. Sayyid Ahmad Khan's grandfather Sayyid Hadi is the palace in the days of magnifying Alamghir II (1754-1759). While his father was named al-Muttaqi, a scholar deeds that have great influence in the Mughal Empire during the reign of Akbar Shah II (1806 1837). Ahmad Khan has blood ties to the Prophet Muhammad through his grandson from the descendants of Fatimah al-Zahra and Ali ibn Abi Talib. That's why he title Sayyid. While his mother was a smart woman and good at educating the children.

Ahmad Khan begin their education in traditional religious knowledge. In addition, he also studied Persian and Arabic languages, mathematics, mechanics, history and many other sciences. He also read a lot of science books in various fields of science. This made him a vast knowledge of science, forward-thinking, and can accept modern science.

Since his father died in 1838, Ahmad Khan began working to meet the needs of his family, as his mother was reluctant to receive retirement benefits from the palace. He worked at Eastern States of India, then he moved on to work as a judge in Fatehpur (1841), then he moved to Bignaur. In 1846 he returned to Delhi. The future in Delhi is the most precious time in her life because she was able to continue his studies. When an uprising of Hindus and Muslims against the British on May 10, 1857, Ahmad Khan was in Bignaur as an employee of the judiciary.

In this incident he did not come to rebel, even helped release the British people being tortured on Bignaur. For his services, the British government bestowed the title of Sir and give various gifts to him. Ahmad Khan received the title, but he refused the gifts, except the opportunity to travel to the UK in 1869. The opportunity was used by him to investigate further the education system and to see the development and progress of science and technology in the UK.

Ahmad Khan explained to the British government that the uprising in 1857, the Muslim community does not play a major role. It was described by a book containing a chronological record of the rebellion, the Tarikhi Sarkhasi Bijnaur (1858). Another book, titled asbab Baghawat Hind (1858) translated in English, The Causes of the Indian Revolt (Reasons for Revolution India). Finally Ahmad Khan managed to reconcile Islam with the British government.

Ideals Ahmad Khan to establish a university or finally materialized laid the first stone of the college building by Governor General Lord Lotion (viceroy time) on January 8, 1877 in the town of Aligarth. The college was given the name of the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, which is better known as Aligarth College.

The final period of his life used to realize Aligarth College he founded it. He wants Aligarth can increase to the university, as in all aspire since his departure to England. In realizing these desires he spent eight hours a day for menegembangkan Aligarth College. But the desire to make the university has not been achieved Aligarth death has snatched at the age of 81 years. Mourning throughout India, and Muslims lost a great man who during his life used to advance the nation.

Ahmad Khan was gone, but until now there are many ideas reviewed by academics and scientists. The view of the very basic of Akhmad Khan is a Muslim communities about the backwardness of India. In his analysis of Muslims in India is very backward compared to Western civilization because he was unable to master science and technology. At result from stagnation of thought post medieval Muslims, so to fight underdevelopment is the thing to do is turn and the Muslims redevelop rational thought religion classical times, with great attention to science and technology. Ahmad Khan to end the struggle with Rahmatullah passed away on March 27, 1898 after a long illness at the age of 81, and was buried in Aligarh.

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