Raymond Samuel Tomlinson or Ray Tomlinson was born in 1941 in Amsterdam in the area called New York. He and his family then moved to the area or a small village called Vail Mills, New York. Ray Tomlinson is known as the inventor of the Electronic Mail or Email.
When Ray Tomlinson in adolescents attending Central School in the Broadalbin Broadalbin, New York. Having graduated from Broadalbin Central School, Ray Tomlinson then went srudinya at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in the Troy, New York where Ray Tomlinson worked with IBM in the co-op program. At Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Ray Tomlinson received his Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering in 1963.
After graduating from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Ray Tomlinson then continued his studies for a Master's degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in electrical engineering. At MIT, Ray Tomlinson worked in the Speech Communication Group and there Ray Tomlinson developed the technology analog-digital hybrid speech synthesizer is used as the subject for his master's thesis. Ray Tomlinson then received his B.C. in Electrical Engineering in 1965.
In 1967 Ray Tomlinson joined the technology company called Bolt, Beranek and Newman, now known by the name of BBN Technologies, where Ray Tomlinson helped develop the TENEX operating system including ARPANET Network Control Protocol and TELNET implementations. Ray Tomlinson writes a file transfer program called CPYNET to transfer files through the ARPANET. Ray Tomlinson was asked to change a program called SNDMSG, which sends a message to other users of the computer time-sharing, to be run on TENEX. He added that he took the code from CPYNET to SNDMSG so that messages can be sent to a user on another computer that is the forerunner of the advent of e-mail or electronic mail.
E-Mail (Electronic Mail)
Raymond Tomlinson found the email or internet-based electronic mail late 1971 in the ARPAnet. The biggest innovation is email (or electronic mail), the ability to send a simple message to others over a network (1971). when it was working on a program called SNDMSG (send message) that allows users of the same computer can leave messages to each other. Or e-mail system with a single computer types. At that time, he tried a transfer program (CYPNET) that allows computer users to send files, to direct the computer is connected to the ARPANET. Tomlinson then thought that if it combines SNDMSG and CYPNET together, he might be able to send messages to other electronic mailbox within a network, as easy as sending files.
One of the questions which then directs Tomlinson in other experiments on e-mail is how to distinguish messages that are directed out of the network and other messages addressed to many computer users in an office. He continues to study computer keyboard that is not directly related to the person's name and not a number. Finally he arrived at the use of the @ sign as an indication of the address of the user's e-mail. This symbol represents the place and simply a preposition on the keyboard. The use of the @ symbol is an impact globally, Ray Tomlinson acknowledged that the findings produced "only from the thought of no more than 30 or 40 seconds." Ray Tomlinson chose the @ symbol to tell which users / username with the domain / server address .. The symbol @ is pronounced "et" which means "in".
The first email sent by Raymond Tomlinson between two computers actually sit next to each other. However, ARPANET network is used as a connection between the two. The first email message was "QWERTYUIOP". Message QWERTYUIOP can make historic message because the message that can be sent via first ARPANET growing now into the Internet. Inventor of e-mails, Raymond Tomlinson, who according to many people, including important and revolutionary achievement in information technology. He deserves to be 50 influential figures in the world of Information Technology because he chose the @ sign as a marker of electronic mail addresses, behind the name of the sender or recipient of the message, even now use e-mail has become a means of global communication is the cheapest.
The award is in Raymond Samuel Tomlinson received
- In 2000 he received the George R. Stibitz Computer Pioneer Award from the American Computer Museum (with the Computer Science Department of Montana State University).
- In 2001 he received a Webby Award from the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences for lifetime achievement. Also in 2001 he was inducted into the Rensselaer Alumni Hall of Fame.
- In 2002, Discover Magazine awarded him its Innovation Award.
- In 2004, he received the IEEE Internet Award along with Dave Crocker.
- In 2009, he along with Martin Cooper was awarded the Prince of Asturias award for scientific and technical research.
- In 2011, he enrolled at # 4 on the MIT150 list of the 150 top innovators and ideas from MIT.
- In 2012, Tomlinson has been inducted into the Hall of Fame the Internet by the Internet Society.