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Biography of Alexander the Great


Biography of Alexander the Great
When I saw the film about Alexander, then I am keen to make his biography and tell a little about the story. Alexander the Great (Greek: Μέγας Ἀλέξανδρος ("Megas Alexandros"), English: Alexander the Great) was a native Macedonian conqueror. He is recognized as one of the most genius military leader of all time. He was also the inspiration for conquest as Hannibal, Pompey and Caesar of the Romans and Napoleon. In his short reign, Alexander was able to make Macedonia as one of the greatest empires in the world.
History

Alexander was born on June 20, 356 BC in Pella, the capital of Macedonia, the son of the King of Macedonia, Fillipus II and his wife Olympias, a princess of Epirus. As a child, she witnessed how her father reinforce Macedonia and won many battles in the Balkans. When he was 13 years old, King Philip hired the famous Greek philosopher, Aristotle, to become tutor to Alexander. In three years, Aristotle taught Alexander and encouraging things to love science, medicine, and philosophy. In 340 BC, Philip of Macedonia gather an army of soldiers and attacked Byzantium. During the attack, he provides temporary power to Alexander who was then aged 16, to lead Macedonia.

King Phillip II died in 336 BC by an assassin at his daughter's wedding. Alexander had ascended the throne of his father at the age of 20 years. Shortly after the death of Phillip, Greek cities that had previously been subject to a Macedonian like Athens and Thebes rebelled. Alexander immediately act and managed to thwart the uprising. However, years of revolt beikutnya back, he decided to act decisively with and eliminates the entire population of Thebes and sold as a slave. This event managed to extinguish desire other cities to revolt.

Year 335 BC, Alexander attacked Persia carrying about 42,000 troops. Over the next two years Alexander won the battle against the Persians until he finally managed to defeat troops led by King Darius III of Persia in 333 BC. Darius vague attempt for peace by offering Alexander territories and possessions, but was rejected. Alexander said that he is now the King of Asia and only he has the right to determine the distribution of the region. Alexander then continue its military expansion to the conquered territories to the borders of Egypt to India before it was forced to stop because the soldiers were exhausted from fighting continuously for ten years.

Alexander then returned to kerajaanya to plan for the new expansion. During the trip he executed many satrap (governor sort) and officers who act off as an example. Then, as a form of thank you to the soldiers, Alexander gave some money at them and declared that he would send the veterans and disabled back to Macedonia. However, this action is precisely defined by a soldier opposite Alexander. In addition, they also oppose a number of Alexander's decision, as adopted Persian culture and dimasukkanya troops from Persian into the line of soldiers from Macedonia. A number of rebel soldiers in the city of Opis later. Alexander executed the leaders of the uprising, but forgive its soldiers. In an effort to create a lasting peace between the Macedonians and the Persians, Alexander held a mass marriage between his officers with noble women of Persia. However, only a few marriages that lasted more than a year.

While in Babylon, Alexander suddenly struck ill and had a fever for 11 days before he died on June 10, 323 BC, at the age of about 33 years. The real cause of death is not clear.

After Alexander's death, the absence of an heir caused discord and fighting among his subordinates. Finally, after many many disputes, circa 300 BC, Alexander the powers of the former empire was divided into 4 areas each controlled by one of the generals of Alexander. World at the death of Alexander, showed is the great in the larger geopolitical context

Although only ruled for 13 years, during which time he was able to build an empire greater than any empire ever before. By the time he died, Alexander ruled area size is 50 times larger than that bequeathed to him and covered three continents (Europe, Africa, and Asia).

The unification of the region makedonia to Persia by Alexander the Great led terbetuknya perpaduaan Greek culture, Mediterrrania, Egyptian, and Persian culture called Hellenism. The influence of Hellenism is even to India and China. Specifically in China, the influence of culture can be traced among the artifacts found in Tunhuang.

Alexander during expansion also founded several cities which are all named after berdasakan name, such as Alexandria or Alexandropolis. One of the city named Alexandria in Egypt, later to become famous as a complete library and last up to a thousand years and developed into the greatest center of learning in the world at that time.

The Great General's degree or his name is given because of his prowess as a king and the other warlords and successful effort to conquer a vast territory in just 10 years.

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