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Theories of Social Change


Society always changes from time to time. Some think that the change is like a cycle that is always spinning and no end. Those that assume that a change must refer to a better condition. There is also a beranggapab that might not happen if there is no change triggers, such as a reciprocal relationship. The following are some of the views or perspectives of social changes suggested by the experts as here:

1. Theory Sosiohistoris

This theory puts variable background history by emphasizing the process of evolution as an important factor of change. The two-dimensional perspective view different from each other among other assumptions;

a. Changes as the cycle
b. Change as progress

Changes will be difficult cycle known as the end of the base changes. This assumption regard history as an endless cycle. Ibn Khaldun is one sosiohistoris proponents, who argued the changes, as a cycle that focuses on the form and level of organization of social groups with different cultural backgrounds. Model of social change such as this is usually embraced by the community in the East, especially China. While Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, and Emile Durkheim was of the perspective view change as progress. Every society must change gradually towards more advanced, complex and modern.


2. Structural Functionalism Theor

This theory saw social change as adaptive dynamics towards a new equilibrium, a result of changes in the external environment.


3. Theories of Social Psychology

This theory memadang social change, as a result of the role of individual actors to berkereasi and thrive.


4. Conflict Theory

In conflict theory explained how ordinary social changes resulting from the social processes in society that dissociative. Conflict theory talked openly many changes in society. This conflict is the central figure of Karl Marx that bases itself on the assumption that implies a contradiction as the substance of all things, both natural and human, as well as the central fact everything. Strauss said the conflicts and contradictions that constitute the bargaining process between some strength to get to the social order and each community will always undergo the process.

Thus, for humans to survive with segalam changes that occur both within themselves and the changes they dilikungkungan, four functions must be implemented. And this does not only apply to humans as individuals, but also applies to humans as a social group. Doing real good action action individually and social action are key to the functioning utam fourth of the above. If functioning occurs, then all the changes can be undertaken as a natural thing and as a natural process that would nourish the human society itself.

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