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Febrile Seizures: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Febrile seizures are seizures that occur as a result of an increase in body temperature in a short time. Febrile seizures can occur in children who have a high body temperature rise. Parents may not know that their child had a fever. Increased body temperature in a short time can occur at the same time with febrile seizures. After the fever has reached a high temperature, the risk of seizures will become larger. Most children who have febrile seizures have temperatures above 39a ° C.
Febrile Seizures
Febrile seizures tend to be related if:
  • Within 24 hours, there was one seizure (above one must consider the causes of seizures other than fever).
  • Seizures lasting less than 15 minutes.
  • Seizures affect the whole body, not just one side of the body.
  • Among children ages 6 months to 5 years.
  • Children do not have the problems of the nervous system (neurological).
  • Child has had a febrile seizure before.
  • There is a family history of febrile seizures in one parent (either mother or father) when he was little or no siblings with a history of febrile seizures
Febrile seizures can be frightening but they are usually not harmful to the child and does not cause long-term problems, such as brain damage, intellectual disabilities, or learning problems.

How to protect children from injury during a seizure:
  • Put the child to the floor, or lie on a parent's lap. Do not restrain the child.
  • Tilt the child, which will help if the vomit or saliva. This will help keep the tongue as well so it does not fall and block the airways so that the child can still breathe. If the child is sitting, keep your head and chin forward (in the same position as when sniffing flowers) will also help keep the airways open. 
  • Loosen clothing.
  • Do not put anything in the child's mouth to prevent biting tongue. This could cause injury.
  • Try to stay calm, talk is soothing child
  • During the seizure, consider the child's behavior during the seizure so that parents can explain to the pediatrician.
Check your child's injury after seizure:
  • If the child has trouble breathing, use your fingers to gently brush the mouth of any vomit or saliva to assist breathing.
  • If the child does not need to see a doctor right away, place it in a cool room to sleep. Check the child as often as possible, behavior and activity levels should return to normal within 60 minutes of a seizure.
  • If your child has a febrile seizure ever in the past and you have discussed with your pediatrician about how to care for your child after the seizure, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions. 
Call your doctor if any of the following occur during home treatment:
  • Other seizures occurred with the same fever.
  • Other symptoms of the disease develop, such as infection.
  • Symptoms become more severe or frequent.
Prevention
The best way to prevent fevers is to reduce your child's exposure to infectious diseases. Hand washing is the most important preventive measure for people of all ages. Parents may feel upset after seeing febrile seizures. Keep calm. Parents can help pediatricians diagnose and treat the condition by being prepared to answer the following questions:
  • Is there a history of febrile seizures?
  • When did the fever start?
  • Fever comes on suddenly or rise for several hours?
  • How high a fever? (In this case the parents must provide thermometer at home)
  • Does the child have other symptoms?
  • Does your child have frequent fever? How long do they usually last?
  • How the child's health and behavior before the seizure?
  • Does the child have an accident or head injury before the seizures?
  • What happens during a seizure? Eyes glared up? Child was unconscious because it does not respond to the call?
  • How long the seizure lasts?
  • How the child shortly after the seizure?
  • Whether the child has a seizure before?
  • What other health problems, if any, that has been owned by the child during the last 3 months?
  • Does the child eat, drink, and play normally?
  • Any drug that has been consumed in the home?
Ask your pediatrician what needs to be done to prevent seizures and what to do if another seizure occurs. Usually, the doctor will give anti-seizure medications placed into the rectum to be prescribed at home if at any time the child back spasms. However, before a seizure occurs, make sure that parents always monitor children and do not let children with a history of febrile seizures need to have a high fever. Then, before the fever is high, prepare paracetamol always at home so that children avoid seizures.

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