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Definition of Blood Cancer


Blood cancer or leukemia is a cancer that attacks the cells that form blood cells in the bone marrow. In normal conditions, the white blood cells will evolve regularly at the time the body needs to fight infections that arise.

Yet another case with people with blood cancer. Bone marrow to produce white blood cells are abnormal, can not function properly, and excessive. Excessive amount will result in a buildup in the bone marrow cells of healthy blood will be reduced.
Blood Cancer
Types of Blood Cancer
There are different types of blood cancer. Based on the speed of its development, this cancer can be classified into acute and chronic.

Acute blood cancer growing rapidly due to increasing the number of abnormal white blood cells that rapidly and spread into the bloodstream. This type should be dealt with immediately.

Meanwhile, chronic blood cancer develops slowly and in the long run. Symptoms tend not immediately felt that newly diagnosed after years. White blood cells that should have died will remain alive and accumulate in the bloodstream, bone marrow, and other organs are involved.

Blood cancer can also be categorized according to the type of white blood cell that is attacked. Blood cancer that attacks the lymph cells known as leukemia limfotik and that attack cells called myeloid leukemia mielogen.

Based on the above two groupings, there are four types of blood cancer that most often occurs. Here is an explanation for each type.

Acute leukemia or acute lymphocytic limfotik leukemia (ALL)
ALL can inhibit lymphocyte function so that infected potentially serious infections. Blood cancer is generally diidap by children, but adults may also be attacked.

Acute leukemia or acute myelogenous mielogen leukemia (AML)
It is a type of blood cancer that primarily affects adults. But AML can also diidap by children and adolescents. Cancer will form myeloid cells are not perfect and can clog blood vessels.

Limfotik chronic leukemia or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
Type of blood cancer is only experienced by adults. CLL usually detected at an advanced stage because patients tend not to feel the symptoms for a long time.

Mielogen leukemia Chronic myelogenous leukemia or chronic (CML)
This type of blood cancer generally affects adults. CML has two stages. In the first stage, abnormal cells will grow slowly. Then when entering the second phase, the number of abnormal cells will grow rapidly so that the patient's condition will decrease drastically.

In general, a blood cancer or leukemia caused by the production of white blood cells too quickly so many cells that are still not completely formed and eventually the immune function of patients not optimally.

Symptoms of Blood Cancer
Blood cancer symptoms are very diverse. Each patient usually have different indications, depending on the type of blood cancer pathway.

Indications of this cancer also tend to be difficult to recognize because tend to be similar to other conditions, such as the flu. Therefore, we need to be aware of the common symptoms are not getting better or subside, such as:
  • Limp or ongoing fatigue.
  • Fever .
  • Chills.
  • Headache .
  • Vomiting.
  • Excessive sweating, especially at night.
  • Pain in the bones or joints.
  • Weight loss.
  • Swelling of the lymph stains, liver, or spleen.
  • Appears severe infection or common.
  • Easy bleeding (eg, frequent nosebleeds ) or bruising.
  • Appear red spots on the skin.
If you or your child experience the above symptoms, immediately contact and consult a doctor. Especially for recurrent symptoms or do not get better.

Causes and Risk Factors Blood Cancer
The basic cause of blood cancer is not known with certainty. But there are a number of factors that can increase a person's risk for this cancer. Trigger factors of blood cancer include:
  • Heredity. If you have family members who suffer from blood cancer, your risk of developing the same cancer will increase.
  • Genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome .
  • Ever undergoing cancer treatment. Chemotherapy or radiotherapy could be expected to trigger certain blood cancers.
  • Effect of blood disorder that affects, for example, myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • Ever experienced a high level of exposure to radiation or certain chemicals. For example, people who have been involved in accidents related to nuclear reactors or have exposure to chemicals such as benzene.
  • Smoking. Cigarettes will not only increase the risk of blood cancer (leukemia mielogen especially acute), but also a variety of other diseases.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Blood Cancer
At the initial stage, the doctor will ask symptoms that existed prior to check your physical condition. If you suspect you are suffering from blood cancer, for example due to a swelling of the lymph stains, liver, or spleen, your doctor may recommend a more detailed examination that includes blood tests and a bone marrow biopsy.

A blood test will show the levels of white blood cells are abnormal. While bone marrow biopsy is used to confirm the presence of cancer cells in blood. The procedure is done by taking a sample of bone marrow is also used to determine the type of blood cancer.

After a positive blood cancer diagnosis, the doctor will discuss the appropriate treatment measures. The type of treatment that you will live depends on many factors, including your age and health condition as well as the type and stage of cancer that you are contracting blood. Here is a method of treatment that is generally recommended to deal with blood cancer.
  • Chemotherapy to kill cancer cells.
  • Radiotherapy to destroy and inhibit the growth of cancer cells.
  • Focused therapy to attack the vulnerable sections in cancer cells.
  • Biological therapy to help the immune system recognize and attack cancer cells.
  • Stem cell transplantation or stem cells for replacement of damaged bone marrow with healthy. The stem cells used can come from your own body or the body of another person as a donor. Chemotherapy or radiotherapy usually be performed as a preparatory step before undergoing the transplant procedure.

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