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Understanding Melanoma Skin Cancer


Melanoma skin cancer is a rare type of cancer and serious that starts from human skin and can spread to other organs in the body. The appearance of moles of new or changes in existing moles are usually a sign of a general melanoma . This can occur throughout the body, but some parts of the body are often affected by its appearance are:
  • Face
  • Hand
  • Back
  • Foot
Melanomas have irregular shapes and more than one color. Moles are stricken with melanoma may itch and can bleed, besides its size can exceed normal moles. To distinguish between a normal mole and melanoma, ABCDE list has been developed for people.
Cancer
Melanoma Skin Cancer in Indonesia
Melanoma skin cancer is the most common cancer in dunia.Terdapat 19th approximately 200,000 new cases of melanoma in the world. Australia and New Zealand have the highest melanoma cases, while Asian countries generally have the lowest melanoma cases.

According to WHO, there are about 3300 new cases of melanoma each year in Indonesia. Although it is rare, this type of skin cancer can be fatal if not diagnosed early.

Causes of Skin Cancer Melanoma
Some factors that may increase the likelihood of contracting melanoma are as follows:
  • Having many moles or freckles
  • Pale skin flammable
  • Having a family member who had suffered from melanoma
  • Red or blond hair
When cells in the skin begins to develop abnormally, began developing melanoma. Not known why this occurs. Most people who think causes of melanoma exposed skin due to ultraviolet (UV) natural or artificial.

Melanoma Skin Cancer Diagnosis
Doctors can diagnose melanoma after examination, although usually they will refer you to see a skin specialist (dermatologist) or a plastic surgeon if they think you are suffering from melanoma. So if you notice any change in the shape of a mole, see your doctor immediately.

In most cases, the network is considered suspicious moles will be dissected and studied what has become cancerous. This process is called a biopsy. To check whether the melanoma has spread to other body parts, the examination of sentinel node biopsy can also be done.

Melanoma Skin Cancer Treatment
If the melanoma has been diagnosed and is still in the early stages, surgery usually will successfully treat skin cancer. But, to prevent melanoma reappear, you should proceed further treatment. The only treatment of melanoma is surgery, although all of the treatment depends on your condition. If melanoma is not diagnosed until the emergency phase, the treatment is done to slow the spread and reduce the symptoms that occur. At this stage, it usually takes drugs, such as chemotherapy.

The reappearance of melanoma
There is a possibility of melanoma will come back if you have previously suffered from melanoma. If the cancer has spread and serious, then your risk will rise again. You may have to perform regular checks to monitor health, especially if your cancer care team feels that there is a great possibility of melanoma will come back. How to check if there is a tumor in your skin, it will usually be taught by a team of doctors on duty.

Melanoma Skin Cancer Prevention
You can reduce the chances of this disease to avoid skin to avoid direct exposure to ultraviolet rays, although the appearance of melanoma is not always able. One of melanoma prevention which is easy to do is to use sunscreen and wear clothing that is complete to protect the skin from sun exposure damage.  To increase the success of treatment and in order to get a diagnosis from the beginning, you are advised to check moles and freckles on a regular basis.

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