Art Kuda Lumping is one of the traditional arts that some people mention comes from several areas in East Java, but not only in East Java only Arts Kuda Lumping is there, in Central Java was also known art Kuda Lumping this. Art Kuda Lumping is a dance that is played with a horse artificial media, made of woven bamboo or braid. None of the historical record to explain the origin of this dance, just a verbal history passed down from one generation to the next.
That said, Kuda Lumping dance is a form of appreciation and support of the commoners against the cavalry Diponegoro in the face of the Dutch colonizers. There is also a version that says, that the Kuda Lumping dance depicting the struggle of Broken Raden, who is assisted by Sunan Kalijaga, against the Dutch colonialists. Another version states that, the dance tells about war Mataram troops led the lane I, King of Mataram, to face the Dutch troops.
Regardless of the origin and historical value, Kuda Lumping dance reflects the spirit of heroism and military aspects of a cavalry or cavalry. It is seen from the rhythmic movements, dynamic, and aggressive, with the flick of woven bamboo, mimicking the movement like a horse in the midst of war.
Often the Kuda Lumping dance performances, the show also featured attraction magical smell supernatural powers, such attractions chew glass, slashed the arm with a machete, burn away, walking on broken glass, and others. Perhaps, this reflects the attraction of the supernatural powers developed in the ancient kingdom of Java, and is a non-military aspects that are used to fight the Dutch troops.
In East Java, the art is familiar with the community in some areas, such as Malang, Nganjuk, Tulungagung, and other areas. This dance is usually displayed on certain events, such as the welcome guest of honor, and as a thanksgiving, the intent is granted by the Almighty.
In pementasanya, do not need a special choreography, as well as equipment supplies as well as Karawitan gamelan. Gamelan to accompany dances Kuda Lumping is quite simple, consisting only of Kendang, Kenong, Gong, and trumpet, the flute to sound shrill. Poetry is sung in the accompanying dance, usually containing the appeal that the human is always doing good deeds and always remember the Great Creator.
In addition to containing the elements of entertainment and religion, traditional arts Kuda Lumping is often also an element of ritual. Because before the show starts, it usually rains a handler would perform rituals, to maintain that the weather remains bright considering the show is usually done in the open field. Pagelarannya In each, Kuda Lumping dance this dance brings 4 fragment that is 2 times Lawas Buto dance, dance Senterewe, and Begon daughter dance.
At Buto Lawas fragments, usually danced by men only and consists of 4 to 6 dancers. Some young dancers bamboo riding and dancing to the music. On this section, the dancers may have possessed Lawas Buto or possessed by spirits. The audience did not escape from this trance phenomena. Many local residents who witnessed the performances into a trance and danced with the dancers. Unconscious, they continued to dance with energetic movements and looks compact with other dancers.
To recover the consciousness of the possessed dancers and audience, each show is always present in the ancestor, that is, those who have the supernatural ability whose presence can be recognized through the clothes she was wearing all black. The progenitor of this will give bidders up to the dancers and audience awareness recover.
In the next round, the dancers are men and women will join to bring a dance named senterewe.
At the end of the dance, the dancers dance movements that are not serancak at the beginning, but have started to relax. and there are six women brought Begon daughter dance. Kuda Lumping dance concludes with Begon Daughter Dance, performed by six women dancers.