Willibrordus Rendra Surendra Broto (born in Solo, 7 November 1935) is a poet who is often dubbed as the "Peacock". He founded the Theatre Workshop in Yogyakarta in 1967 and Rendra Theatre Workshop in Depok. Since the college he was active in writing short stories and essays in various magazines. Renda is the son of R. Cyprian Sugeng Brotoatmodjo and Raden Ayu Ismadillah Catharina.
his father is a teacher of Indonesian and Javanese language in Catholic schools, Solo, in addition to the traditional performer, while her mother was a dancer serimpi in Surakarta. Renda childhood to adolescence was spent in his native city. He began his education from kindergarten (1942) to finish high school, high school (1952), in Catholic school, St. Joseph in the city of Solo. After graduating high school Renda went to Jakarta with the intention of attending the Academy of State. It turned out that the academy has been closed. Then he went to Yogyakarta and entered the Faculty of Letters, University of Gajah Mada. Although not complete college, does not mean he stopped learning. In 1954 he deepened his knowledge in the field of drama and dance in America, he received a scholarship from the American Academy of Art Dramatical (Aada). He also attended a seminar on literature at Harvard University at the invitation of the local government.
Rendra literary talent is starting to look when he was in junior high. At that time he has begun to show his ability to write poetry, short stories and plays for various school activities. Not just writing, it turns out he is also an expert on the stage. He staged several plays, and poetry is mainly performed as a highly talented readers. He once published a poem in the First Instance of mass media in 1952 through a magazine tactic. After that, his poetry was flowing smoothly graced numerous magazine at the time, like the story, Art, Basis, Confrontation, and the new tactic. It continues as seen in magazines over the next decade, especially magazines of the '60s and '70s. "False Leg" is his first drama, staged when he was in junior high, and "People on the Street Corner" is the first drama that got the award and first prize from the Office of the Ministry of Education and Culture, New York. At that time he was sitting in high school. The award was very excited to make it work. Prof. A. Teeuw, in his book Modern Literature Indonesia II (1989), argues that the history of modern Indonesian literature Renda did not belong to one class or group such as Force 45, Force 60's, or Force 70's. Of his works shows that he has his own personality and freedom.
Renda's works are not only famous in the country, but also abroad. Many of his works that have been translated into foreign languages, including English, Dutch, German, Japan and India. He also actively participates in festivals abroad, including the Rotterdam International Poetry Festival (1971 and 1979), The International Poetry Festival Valmiki, New Delhi (1985), Berliner Horizonte Festival, Berlin (1985), The First New York Festival of the Arts (1988), Spoleto Festival, Melbourne, Vagarth World Poetry Festival, Bhopal (1989), World Poetry Festival, Kuala Lumpur (1992), and Tokyo Festival (1995). Renda for his artistic activity has received many awards, including First Prize Writing Competition of Dramatic Arts The Department of Education and Culture, London (1954) BMKN National Literature Prize (1956); Arts Award from the Government of the Republic of Indonesia (1970); Prize Academy Jakarta ( 1975); Main Book Prize Foundation, the Ministry of Education and Culture (1976); Adam Malik Award (1989); The SEA Write Award (1996) and Achmad Bakrie Award (2006).
New at the age of 24 years, he finds first love yourself Sunarti Kelvin. Of a woman whom he married on March 31, 1959, the Renda had five children: Teddy Satya Nugraha, Andreas Wahyana Revelation, Daniel Seta, Samuel Moses, and Klara Sinta. One of the students are Bendoro Raden Ayu Sitoresmi Prabuningrat, daughter of the blue blood of the Sultan Palace, which would dissolve in the lives of spontaneous and sloppy at the Workshop Theatre. Sito Jeng task, so call him Renda, including feeding and bathing the child's fourth-Sunarti Renda.
In the end, accompanied Sunarti, Renda Sito apply to become a second wife, and Sito received. He's dynamic, active, and have maintained health, Sito said about Renda, the Kastoyo Ramelan of Gatra. The only constraint comes from the father who does not allow Sito daughter, a Muslim, married a Catholic youth. But it's not a great obstacle to Renda. He has written a litany and psalm, and the role of Jesus Christ in the crucifixion drama play Love in Luka, chose to say two sentences creed on his marriage with Sito, August 12, 1970, with witnesses and Ajip Rosidi Taufiq Ismail.
Event, no doubt, invited many cynical comments like Rendra converted to Islam only to polygamy. Against these accusations, Renda argues that his interest in Islam is already long. Especially since the preparation of staging Kasidah litany, a few months before his marriage to Sito. But a more principled reasons for Renda, because Islam can answer the key issues that continue to haunt him for this: individual freedom fully. I can worship God directly without requiring help from another. So I feel my individual rights respected, he said, quoting the Koran, which states that God is closer than one jugular vein. Still living under one roof with two wives caused Renda and accused of being publicity hungry like popularity. But he responded with only mild. Like when he entertained his colleagues from Australia Zoo's Fun Workshop, Yogyakarta. When looking at a peacock walking with two females, Renda exclaimed, laughing heartily, That Rendra! That Rendra!. Since then, the epithet attached to the Peacock until now. Of Sitoresmi, he got four children: Yonas Salya, Sarah Draupadi, Naomi Heroine, and Rachel Saraswati. The beauty of the peacock wings waved back with Ken Zuraida gain, the third wife who gave him two children: Isaias Sadewa and Mary Supraba. But the wedding will be costly because soon after the birth of Mary, Renda Sitoresmi divorce in 1979, and Sunarti soon.
- Works poem / poetry W.S. Rendra
- Do not be Afraid of Mother
- Ballad Loving People (set of poems)
- Four set of poems
- Rick from Corona
- Images of Development in Poetry
- Hookers, Hookers unite the city of Jakarta!
- Song of the Swan
- Pickpockets message to girlfriend
- Renda: Ballads and Blues Poem (translation)
- Struggle of the Naga Tribe
- Blues for Bonnie
- Pamphleten van een Dichter
- State of Emergency
- An old London rhyme about the Lake of Fire
- Looking for Mr.
- Reed clumps
- Love letter
- Sajak Eagles
- Corn pile rhyme