Biography of Gautama Buddha

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Gautama Buddha Biographies
Gautama Buddha Prince Siddhartha's real name founder of Buddhism, one of the largest religions in the world. Son of the king of Kapilavastu, northeast India. border with Nepal. Siddhartha himself (the clan of the tribe of Sakya Gautama) supposedly born in Lumbini which now includes the territory of Nepal. Married at the age of sixteen years with his cousin the same age. Raised in the luxurious palace, Prince Siddhartha did not feel at home with good living careless, and dogged by a sense not very satisfied. From the window of a glittering palace to see him out and she saw the poor people lying in the streets, do not eat breakfast late, or not able to eat at all. Day after day pursue the necessities of life that never reach hanging like a bundle of wheat in the muzzle of a donkey.

Tarolah it is trash. While the haves too often kehinggapan feeling dissatisfied, anxious restlessness, upset and depressed because of a disease-round haunted every time dragged him to the grave. Siddhartha thought, this situation must be changed. Must be realized the meaning of life in the sense of the word, and not just a temporary pleasure that always overshadowed by the suffering and death.

When twenty-nine years old, shortly after his first son was born, Gautama decided he must leave his palace life and mengharnbakan themselves to the search for truth is not gilding. Thinking is not merely think, but act. With spinach roll he left the palace, without a wife and children, without bringing any goods and property, and became homeless with no penny in my pocket. The first step, for a while, she demanded knowledge of the wise men who have time and feel pretty bagged after knowledge, he came to the conclusion of solving the problem of human discontent.

Commonly assumed, was imprisoned true path to wisdom. On the assumption that Gautama tried to become a hermit, years of fasting and abstinence as good-great. Eventually he realized that selling torture yourself just blur the edges of mind, and instead leads closer to the truth. Think a thought, he decided it'd better eat like a normal human being and stop all kinds of penance because the act is not only useless but can make a skinny body, sluggish, eyes fireflies, sleepy, rheumatic pain, not even close to stupid.

In the quiet solitude he wrestled with the serene life of a human problem. Finally one night, when he was sitting under a tree and the fruit of broad-leaved pear shape semacarn laden seeds of all kinds, then berdatanganlah riddle of life issues as if falling on him. All night Siddhartha pondered deeply and when the sun broke the eastern horizon, and she gasped in unison believe that complex problems are solved and then he began calling himself Buddha "who were given the lighting."

At that age turned thirty-five years. The rest of the age of forty-five years employed the wandering throughout northern India, spreading his new philosophy in front of audiences who are willing to listen. When he died, 483 years before Christ, had hundreds of thousands of followers of his teachings. Although his words still have not written one, but advice-petuahnya memorized by many of his followers in his head, passed down from one generation to the next through the mouth alone.

Basic teachings of Buddha can be summarized in what its adherents term "four virtues of truth:" first, that human life is basically unhappy, secondly, the cause of this unhappiness is to think of self-interest as well shackled by passion; third, the idea of ​​self-interest own and desire can be pressed out when all passions and desires can be dispensed with, the teachings of Buddha called nirvana; fourth, weighing the right, think right, speak right, do right, make a living right, trying to correct, given the right, right meditation. Can ditarnbahkan Buddhism was open for anyone, regardless of whatever race he is, (this is what distinguishes it from Hinduism).

Gautama died some time after the new religion spread slowly. On the 3rd century BC, the great Indian emperor Asoka converted to power called Buddhism. Thanks to its support, the spread of Buddhism heavy shot, not only in India but also in Burma. From here it spread throughout agarna Southeast Asia, to Malaysia and Indonesia.

Spread the influence of wind blowing it was not just to the south but also to the north, broke into Tibet, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Not until there. He mengambah China and claimed the amount of influence that is not artificial and from there crossed over to Japan and Korea.

While in India itself the new religious influence began to decline after about the year 500 AD in fact almost extinct in the year 1200. By contrast, in China and in Japan, Buddhism is to survive as a religious subject. Similarly, in Southeast Asia Tibet and religion that had its heyday centuries.

Buddhist teachings are not written until many centuries after the death of Gautama. Because it is easy understandable why religion is fragmented into various sects. Two major branches of Buddhism are Theravada branch-effects, especially in Southeast Asia and supposedly most Western scholars is the closest branch of the Buddhist teachings are genuine. Another branch of Mahayana, the weight of his influence lies in Tibet, China and also in Southeast Asia in general.

Buddha, as the founder of one of the largest religions in the world, is certainly worth nearly level ranks top in the list of this book. Because the number of followers of Buddhism lived 200 million compared with adherents of Islam that 500 million number and one billion adherents of Christianity, Buddhism itself is smaller than the effect Muhammad or Jesus. However, the different number of believers, if a measure is exceedingly strict, it could be misleading. For example, the demise or decline of Buddhism in India is not just any slump slump but because Hinduism has absorbed many of the teachings and principles of the Buddha into his body. In China too, a large number of people who no longer openly call themselves Buddhists in the practice of everyday life is actually very influenced by the philosophy of religion. Buddhism, far ahead of both Islam and Christianity, had a very prominent pacifist elements. The view that stem from non-violent play an important role in the political history of Buddhist countries berpenganut.

Many people say if one day Jesus come back down to earth he would stare surprised to see what people are doing everything in his name, and will be anxious for the bloodshed that occurred in the conflict between different sects of the same opinion-the same claim to be followers. So is going to happen to Buddha. He could not be gaping open-mouthed watching so many sects of Buddhism that grew everywhere, each different from each other even though it claimed to Buddhists. Narnun, however chaotic sects which differ from each other is not sarnpai cause bloody religious war as happened in the Christian world of Europe. In this connection, at least means the Buddha's teachings in-depth look much lived by its adherents rather than the teachings of Jesus dalarn same connection.

Buddhism and Kong Hu-Cu have roughly equal influence on the world. Both live at the same time period, and the number of his followers were not much different. My choice of putting the name of Buddha more than first-Kong Hu Cu in the order was based on two considerations: first, the development of Communism in China was almost wiped out the influence of Confucius-Cu, while it seems the future Buddha was still more than the slit and the influence of Confucius- Cu, secondly, the failure of the teachings of Kong Hu Cu-spread beyond the borders of China to show how closely the teachings of Confucius bertautnya link-Cu with the attitudes and procedures of the old Chinese era. In contrast, Buddhism does not contain any statement or chewing replicates India earlier philosophy, and Buddhism spread to step-India border country yard-relying and Gautama the idea of ​​genuine broad range of philosophies....

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