Origin of Batik

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Origin of Batik
Batik (or Batik words) derived from the Javanese language "amba", meaning to write and "nitik". The word itself meruju batik making patterns on the Motif Batik technique - using a canting or cap - and dyeing fabrics by using the color barrier material on the Motif Batik Batik "night" (wax) is applied over the fabric, so resist the entry of the dye. In English, this technique is known as wax-resist dyeing.

Batik fabric is finished with decorative fabric or a pattern created by canting and cap to use the night as the color barrier material. This technique can be applied only on the material made from natural fibers such as cotton, silk, wool and can not be applied on the fabric with man-made fibers (polyester). Batik cloth manufacture Solo style and coloring are not using the technique known as batik patterned cloth - usually made in the industrial-scale printing techniques (print) - instead of batik cloth. Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (particularly Java) since long.

Javanese women in the past made their skills in batik Batik Clothing and batik blouse for a living, so in the past Solo Batik batik work is exclusively women's work to finding "Batik Cap" which allows the entry of men into the field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik has the masculine lines as can be seen in shades of "Mega Clouds", which in some coastal areas batik work is common for men. A variety of shades and colors of Batik Clothing Design influenced by a variety of foreign influences. Initially, batik has a variety of shades and colors are limited, and some patterns and blouse batik Batik Clothing should only be used by certain circles. But batik coastal absorb various external influences, such as foreign traders, and also in the end, the invaders. Bright colors like red popularized by the Chinese, who also popularized the phoenix pattern.

European colonial nations also took an interest in batik, and the result is a style unknown before flowers (like tulips) as well as objects brought by the colonizers (buildings or horse-drawn carriage), as well as their favorite colors such as blue. Retain traditional batik s type, and is still used in traditional ceremonies, because usually each style has a representation of each. Design techniques and batik Batik Clothing has been known for thousands of years ago. No historical information is quite clear about the origins of Batik. Some suspect this technique comes from the Sumerian, then developed in Java after brought by Indian traders. Currently batik can be found in many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, and Iran. Besides Asia, batik is also very popular in several countries on the African continent. However, batik is very famous in the world is batik from Indonesia, mainly from Java.

Batik is historically derived from the days of our fathers, known since the seventeenth century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern is still dominated by the shapes of animals and plants. But in the history of batik development progressed, the motifs of the paintings of animals and plants slowly turned to abstract motif that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, puppet beber and so on. Furthermore, through the merger with the art style paintings decorating clothing, batik art emerged as we know it today.

The type and style of traditional batik quite so much, but the pattern and its variations in accordance with the philosophy and culture of each region are very diverse. The cultural treasures of this rich Indonesia has led to the birth of various shades and types of batik with a characteristic tradisioanal own specialty.

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