Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Indonesia received a Sumatran rhinoceros (sumatrensis Dicerorhinus) of the United States (U.S.) male sex in the context of a breeding program these animals.
"The population of Sumatran rhinos now dropped so drastically from about 800 to 400 tail tail due to a variety of things such as hunting and habitat destruction," said MS Kaban, Minister of Forestry in ceremony of the Sumatran rhino in the United States to Indonesia Soekarno Hatta Airport, Jakarta on Tuesday.
Five-year-old male rhino named Andalas, according to him will be mated with two male female Sumatran rhino named Rosa and Ratu in Way Kambas National Park, Lampung Province.
"Return Andalas to Indonesia is one of the priority activities in the Indonesian Rhino Conservation Strategy (SKBI) has been revised in February 2005," he said.
He said, andalas was a successful first Sumatran rhino born in captivity of marriage on 13 September 2001 at the Cincinnati Zoo, the U.S. pair of female Sumatran rhinoceros Emi and the male poisons.
"When the habitat of Sumatran rhinos in Indonesia dropped dramatically, experts soon spread to several different rhinoceros zoo world to do research and breeding in these animals," he said.
From various zoos, he said, Sumatran rhinos in zoos Los Angeles that is making progress and delivery Andalas and the other two male rhinos.
"Sumatran rhino captive breeding efforts of Indonesia has been running for 20 years, but 75 percent of Sumatran rhinos are kept in zoos are dying due to lack of proper management during the period 1985-1997," he said.
Sumatran rhino captive breeding efforts, says MS Kaban, now exist only in the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) in Way Kambas which was completed in 1997 with a total area of about 100 ha.
"Earlier in the Way Kambas breeding process is done between a female rhino named Bina with a Sumatran male rhino named Torgamba of England, but was not successful because of the Sumatran rhino bred in Britain were less fertile," he said.
Therefore, he said, efforts to breed "Andalas" by "Queen" and "Rosa" is an early step of proes Sumatran rhino conservation.
"Hopefully with the Queen and Rosa Andalas can produce offspring, so there is no extinction in the protected animals," he said.
The whole process of acceptance of the Sumatran rhino named Andalas U.S. was up to her to Way Kambas to cost up to 70 thousand dollars, or about Rp630 million incurred by the sponsor and the government.
"All the funds come from the observer of these rare animals, and are clearly not of the baron," he added.