Charlie Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889 in East Street, a bustling market area in Walworth, south London. Both parents are working as an entertainer comedy music hall Chaplin divorced before the age of 3 years. According to 1891 census data, Chaplin lived with his mother and sister named Hannah on Barlow Street, Walworth. While still a child, his mother took Chaplin stay moving around Kennington Road, Lambeth district, London. His biological father named Charles Chaplin Senior was a descendant of the Romans, a drinker and only occasionally just call her son.
When her mother was ill, Chaplin was deposited in the house of the father who was then living with a mistress. The house was at 287 Kennington Road, and now there is a commemorative plaque which states Charlie Chaplin once lived there. When I was 12 years old, his father abandoned Chaplin forever. Chaplin's father's sister and other siblings named Sydney Chaplin is the responsibility of the mother, Hannah Chaplin. Poor can not be denied, Chaplin's mother suffered from schizophrenia and eventually be admitted to Cane Hill psychiatric hospital in Coulsdon.
Chaplin was forced to stay in the shelter of the poor, work for reward meals and shelter in the area of Lambeth, London. After staying there a few weeks, Chaplin entered a boarding school shelters waif named Central London District School, Hanwell.
Chaplin brothers fight side by side in order to survive. Chaplin brothers are interested in performing in comedy Music Hall at a very early age, and it turns out both have a natural acting talent. Chaplin childhood begging cuddled will greatly affect the character played and the theme of the film he made. Unknown to Chaplin brothers, his mother still has a son named Wheeler Dryden father who grew up abroad. Wheeler Dryden, Chaplin's younger siblings later joined the Chaplin brothers, and worked for Chaplin studios in Hollywood. In 1928, Chaplin's mother died in Hollywood, after 7 years of living in the United States at the urging of her three sons who are already successful.
Chaplin first time on stage in 1894 when she was 5 years old. Without prior arrangements, at a theater in Aldershot, Chaplin suddenly asked to replace her. As a child, Chaplin was seriously ill and had to lie in bed for weeks. In the evening, she sat on the window sill, storytelling while dramatizing the events of that day. Chaplin first time on stage with get paid after joining the group of dancers of The Eight Lancashire Lads a staged show music halls in Britain. In 1900, thanks to the help of Sydney (brother sekandungnya), Chaplin, who was 11 years old and got a role as a playful cat in Cinderella pantomime at the London Hippodrome. In 1903, Chaplin appeared in Jim: A Romance of Cockayne, followed by her regular role as a newspaper delivery boy Billy in Sherlock Holmes ever lived until 1906. Chaplin appeared later in the show Casey's Court Circus variety, and the following year as a clown in the group Fun Factory comedy slapstik under the tutelage of Fred Karno.
Chaplin first time to the U.S. following the road show Fred Karno group homes from 1910 to 1912. Having returned to England and was there for 5 months, Chaplin returned to America departed and arrived there on October 2, 1912. Chaplin's second arrival in America is still with Fred Karno. Arthur Stanley Jefferson was then known as Stan Laurel participated in the party and became roommates in the dorm Chaplin. Laurel finally returned to England but Chaplin remained in the United States. At the end of 1913, film producer Mack Sennett acting impressed with Chaplin, who was playing for the Karno troupe. Sennet contracted Chaplin who agreed to play in films produced Keystone Film studio. Short films Making a Living, one reel comedy released on February 2, 1914 was Chaplin's first appearance on the silver screen.
Chaplin's early films produced in 1914 at Keystone Studios which is where Chaplin learned techniques of filmmaking, as well as develop the Tramp character. Chaplin's Tramp character first introduced to the public through the second film, Kid Auto Races at Venice (released February 7, 1914) and the third film Mabel's Strange Predicament (January 9, 1914).
At the end of the contract with Keystone, Chaplin was able to direct and edit their own short films he made. These films was a huge success. In 1915, Chaplin agreed to a one-year contract with Essanay studio. After that, the contract value for the two dozen comedy reel type with studio agreed Chaplin Mutual Films in 1916. Studio gave him artistic freedom that was almost without limit. Within a period of 18 months, successfully completed 12 Chaplin films. These films will successfully become a classic comedy and still can cheer up now. Later, Chaplin reminiscing with studio Mutual period as the happiest of his career.
After the contract with the studio Mutual discharged in 1917, Chaplin signed a production contract 8 film reel with two types of studio First National. In addition to the financing and distribution of films (1918-1923) covered studio First National, artistic freedom is entirely in the hands of Chaplin. With the creative freedom at hand, Chaplin build their own Hollywood studio. In this period the films Chaplin created a timeless time, and still can be a role model for other filmmakers. The films were produced Chaplin with First National form comedy with the play briefly, for example: A Dog's Life (1918) and Pay Day (1922), plus a movie with the play longer, for example: Shoulder Arms (1918), and The Pilgrim (1923).
Chaplin home movies of this period with the standard of play and managed to become a classic is The Kid (1921). In 1919, Chaplin founded United Artists film distributors along with Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith. The four of them trying to escape from the system of monopoly held film distributors and financiers in Hollywood.
This effort was successful, and the independence of Chaplin as a filmmaker remain secure thanks to the full control of the films produced at its own studio. The honor continues a registered member of the board of directors at the UA until the early 1950's. Chaplin films in circulation all over United Artists bermasa standard playlist, starting from A Woman of Paris (1923), followed by the film The Gold Rush (1925) which later became a classic, and ending with The Circus (1928).
Silent films, which until now regarded as the greatest masterpiece, City Lights (1931) and Modern Times (1936) Chaplin when it is already familiar with the world of cinema sound films. In the second film, Chaplin his own sound effects and musical illustrations. Film City Lights might contain the perfect balance between comedy and sentimentality Chaplin style. The final scene of City Lights movie critic James Agee praised commented in Life magazine in 1949 as "the greatest piece of acting ever recorded celluloid". Chaplin's silent movie masterpiece made in Hollywood are: The Great Dictator (1940), Monsieur Verdoux (1947), and Limelight (1952).
While other filmmakers have turned to silent films, Chaplin survive for no part of it. Film sound has been known since 1927, but continues to persist with Chaplin silent films during the decade of the 1930s. The film Modern Times (1936) is a silent film, but the dialogue play out of inanimate objects, such as a radio or a television set. Chaplin was deliberately made it that way to help moviegoers in the 1930's are no longer used to seeing silent films. The film Modern Times as well as the first film that gives voice Chaplin (on tracks mounted on the end of the movie). However, the film is still considered a silent film by some of the audience, and the end of the silent era Chaplin's work.
Chaplin is known as a versatile artist, choreographed the film Limelight (1952) working on their own, as well as the movie soundtrack of The Circus (1928). Song called "Smile" is a creation of Chaplin's most famous of all the songs ever written. Written for the film "Modern Times", the song "Smile" with an added lyrics to sing like Nat King Cole when released back in the 1950's. The song "This Is My Song" from Chaplin's last film, "A Countess From Hong Kong" a hit in various languages in the 1960s (especially the version of Petula Clark). Limelight Film contains the theme song titled "Eternally" which managed to become a hit in the 1950s. Illustration of the music for the film is done Chaplin Limelight nominated for Academy Awards in 1972. This is possible since the show premiered in Los Angeles delayed for two decades.
Chaplin won 2 awards honorary Academy Awards. At that time, there has been no voting audit procedures, and the first Oscar awards were distributed on May 16, 1929 by the division of categories is very flexible. Chaplin originally nominated for Best Actor and Best Director for his work The Comedy Circus, but his name was withdrawn and the Academy board instead decided to give a special award for "genius, all-round ability in acting, writing, directing, and production of the film The Circus". Another film that received a special award that year was The Jazz Singer.
The award honors both from the Academy received Chaplin 44 years later in 1972. Chaplin received an award for "infinite influences that made and make the film as an art form of this century". Chaplin came out of exile to accept this award. After Chaplin received the award, the audience gave standing applause for 5 full minutes, which until now was recorded as the longest standing ovation in the history of the Academy Awards.
Chaplin was also nominated as a recipient of the Academy for Best Actor, Best Original Screenplay, and Best Film for his work The Great Dictator, but failed. The film Monsieur Verdoux (1947) has also been nominated for Best Original Screenplay, but again failed to win the award. While still active as a filmmaker, Chaplin had expressed dissatisfaction at the Academy Awards. His son Charles Jr. Chaplin tells of action makes the Oscar award he received in 1929 as a door wedge is the cause of anger on the board of the Academy in the 1930s. This may be the reason the film City Lights had never been nominated, but various polls agree this film as one of the greatest films in the history of the silver screen.
In old age, Chaplin never earned Academy Award that he got from the competition and not a privilege. In 1973, the film Limelight (1952) was awarded the Oscar for the Academy Award for Original Music Illustration (Best Music in an Original Dramatic Score). Chaplin starred with Claire Bloom's, as well as appearing in a cameo with Buster Keaton who is only the second appearance of the greatest comedians in one film. After the movie was over produced, political leanings embraced Chaplin Limelight does not cause the film screened in Los Angeles. Screening in the United States did not happen until 1972, so the film is even produced in 1952 entitled nominated.
Last two films Chaplin made in London: A King in New York (1957) starring himself (as well as screenwriter and director), and A Countess from Hong Kong (1967) with stars Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando. Movie A Countess from Hong Kong is the last appearance of Chaplin, appearing briefly in a cameo as the crew was seasick.
In an autobiography titled My Life in Pictures published in 1974, Chaplin said that he had written a screenplay for starring Victoria, youngest daughter. If the scenario which he entitled The Freak so produced, Victoria will be given a role as a nymph. According to Chaplin, the film has been completed and pre-production has already begun training (this book contains photos Victoria complete with costumes), but production was stopped because Victoria married. Chaplin added, "Sometime, I would make." Chaplin health continued to decline in the 1970s, and died before his dreams come true. One of his last works known as Chaplin is an illustration of the music he wrote for updating A Woman of Paris, his work is less successful in 1923.
Chaplin received the title of Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth II on March 4, 1975. The honor was first proposed as a receiver in 1931, and entered in the list of candidates for the second time in 1956, but was vetoed Conservative government did not want to spoil relations with the United States at the height of the Cold War and the Suez Canal Crisis. Chaplin died at the age of 88 in his sleep on Christmas Day 1977, in Vevey, Switzerland. Chaplin was buried in the cemetery Corsier-Sur-Vevey in Corsier-sur-Vevey, Canton of Vaud, but his grave was moved to Lake Geneva after've stolen a bunch of people.