Biography of Cut Nyak Dien~Indonesian National Hero

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Cut Nyak Dien was born in Lampadang, Kingdom of Aceh, 1848, a National Hero of Indonesia from Aceh who fought against the Netherlands during the war in Aceh, Cut Nyak Dien was born from a noble family who are religious in Aceh Besar, Mukim VI region in 1848.

His father was Teuku Nanta Setia, a uleebalang VI Mukim, who is also a descendant Machmoed Sati, migrants from West Sumatra. Machmoed Sati may come to Aceh in the 18th century when the Aceh sultanate ruled by Sultan Jamalul Badrul Munir. Therefore, the father of the Cut Nyak Dien is a descendant of Minangkabau. Cut Nyak Dien's mother was the daughter of uleebalang Lampagar.

In his childhood, Cut Nyak Dien was a beautiful child. He was getting an education in the field of religion (who was educated by parents or teachers of religion) and household (cooking, serving her husband, and that everyday life involves a well educated by their parents). Many men who like the Cut Nyak Dien and tried to propose to her. At age 12, she was married off by her parents in 1862 with Teuku Check Lamnga Ibrahim, son of uleebalang Lamnga XIII. They have one son.

Cut Nyak Dien Biography - Indonesian National Hero

On March 26, 1873, the Netherlands declared war on Aceh, and began firing shells into the mainland of Aceh Citadel warship van Antwerpen. Aceh war had erupted. In the first war (1873-1874), led by the commander of Aceh Polim and Machmud Sultan Shah-led battle against the Dutch Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler. At that time, the Dutch sent 3198 soldiers. Then, on 8 April 1873, the Dutch landed on the beach under the leadership Ceureumen Köhler, and instantly be able to master and burn Baiturrahman Grand Mosque. Cut Nyak Dien who saw it shouted:
"Look O Acehnese!! Place of worship being destroyed!! They have mencorengkan name of Allah! Until when are we here? Until when are we going to be slaves Netherlands?"
Sultanate to win the war first. Ibrahim Lamnga who fought on the front lines again with shouts of victory, while Köhler was shot dead in April 1873.

J.B. van Heutsz being cared for the men in the attack in Aceh War
In 1874-1880, under the command of General Jan van Swieten, region VI Mukim be occupied Netherlands in 1873, while the Sultan Palace fell in 1874. Cut Nyak Dien and her mother eventually fled with her mother and the other party on December 24, 1875. Her husband later fought to reclaim areas Mukim VI.

When Ibrahim Lamnga fought in Gle Tarum, he died on June 29, 1878. This makes the Cut Nyak Dien very angry and vowed to destroy the Netherlands. Uma, hero Aceh, Cut Nyak Dien apply. Cut Nyak Dien Initially rejected. However, because Uma motioned to engage in battle on the battlefield, Cut Nyak Dien finally accepted and married Uma in 1880. This makes the growing moral fervor Aceh struggle against Kaphe Ulanda (Dutch infidels). Later, Cut Nyak Dien and Uma had a son whom they named Cut Xylophone.

Continued the guerrilla war waged war and fi'sabilillah. Around the year 1875, Uma movement with the Dutch approach and its relationship with the Dutch getting stronger. On 30 September 1893, Uma and his troops numbering 250 people went to Kutaraja and "surrender" to the Dutch. Dutch are very pleased that a dangerous enemy willing to help them, so they provide a degree Uma Uma Johan Heroes and making the unit commander of the Dutch troops at full power. Uma conceal a plan to deceive the Netherlands, though he was accused of being a traitor by the people of Aceh. In fact, Cut Nyak Meutia came to Cut Nyak Dien and cursing him. Cut Nyak Dien tried to advise him to come back against the Netherlands. However, Uma still kept in touch with the Dutch. Umar then try to learn the tactics of the Netherlands, while slowly changing as many Dutch people in the unit are the strongest. When the number of troops in Aceh is sufficient, Uma conduct fraudulent schemes in the Netherlands and claimed that he wanted to attack a base in Aceh.

Uma and Cut Nyak Dien away with all the troops and heavy equipment, weapons, and ammunition Netherlands, and has never returned. The betrayal is called Het verraad van Teukoe Oemar (Uma betrayal). Uma who betrayed the Netherlands led the Dutch furious and launched a massive operation to capture both Cut Nyak Dien and Uma. However, the rebels are now equipped with equipment from the Netherlands. They began to invade the Netherlands while Jend. Van Swieten replaced. His successor, Gen.. Jakobus Ludovicius Hubertus Pel, quickly killed and Dutch troops are in disarray. Netherlands and unplugging Uma titles and burn his house, and is also pursuing its existence. Dien and Umar continued to pressure the Netherlands, and attacked Banda Aceh (Kutaraja) and Meulaboh (former Uma basis), so that the Dutch constantly changing generals in charge.

Units "Maréchaussée" and sent to Aceh. They are considered barbaric and extremely difficult defeated by the people of Aceh. In addition, most of the troops "De Marsose" is the Chinese-Ambon that destroys everything in its path. As a result of this, the Dutch troops feel sympathy for the people of Aceh and Van der Heyden dissolve unit "De Marsose". The incident also led to the success of the next general because a lot of people who did not join the jihad lost their lives, and the fear is still there on the Acehnese.

General Joannes Benedictus van Heutsz exploit this fear and start hiring people to spy on Acehnese rebel forces as informants so that the Dutch find Uma plans to attack Meulaboh on February 11, 1899. Finally, Uma fall bullet. When Xylophone Cut, Cut Nyak Dien child, crying for his father's death, he was slapped by her mother and hugged her and said:
"As women in Aceh, we should not shed tears in people who have a martyr"
Cut Nyak Dien then led the resistance against the Dutch in the hinterland Meulaboh with small forces and try to forget him. These troops continue to fight until its demise in 1901 for the Dutch army was used to fight in the battlefield area of ​​Aceh. In addition, Cut Nyak Dien'm getting older. Her eyes had started to dim, and he was exposed to the disease gout and also the number of troops continued to decrease, and the difficulty of obtaining food. This makes pity the its forces.

Cut Nyak Dien men named Pang Laot report the location of its headquarters to the Netherlands because of pity. As a result, the Dutch attacked the headquarters in Beutong Cut Nyak Dien Le Sageu. They were shocked and fighting to the death. Cut Nyak Dien captured and brought to Banda Aceh. Dien moved to Sumedang berdasari last person to protect Dien until his death. However, Cut Nyak Dien has a myopic, so he was caught. Dhien trying to take rencong and tried to fight the enemy. Unfortunately, the action Dhien been stopped by the Dutch. Cut Xylophone managed to escape into the woods and continue the resistance that has been done by his father and mother.

Once captured, Cut Nyak Dien brought to Banda Aceh and treated in situ. Arthritic disease such as blindness and gradually recover. However, Cut Nyak Dien finally disposed Sumedang, West Java, Dutch fear that his presence would create a spirit of resistance and also because he kept in touch with fighters who have not been subject to.

He was taken to Sumedang along with other political prisoners and attract Aceh regent Suriaatmaja. In addition, male prisoners also expressed their concern at the Cut Nyak Dien, but the Dutch army revealed the identity of detainees is prohibited. He was held as a cleric named Elias who soon realize that the Cut Nyak Dien is an expert in Islam, so that he was dubbed the "Mother slavery". On 6 November 1908, Cut Nyak Dien died of old age. Tomb "Mother slavery" newly discovered in 1959 by request of the Governor of Aceh at the time, Ali Hasan. "Mother slavery 'acknowledged by President Sukarno as a National Hero of Indonesia through Presidential Decree No.106 of 1964 on May 2, 1964

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