MY STUDY IN ROADSIDE ... "
With my mother, I went to Makassar in 1932 at the age of nine. We sailed seven days and seven nights. Because of the poor, we could only sleep in the worst place on the ship, under the steerage. Want to eat delicious food, I can not. There is a five dollar, but can not spend, due to the Indonesia alone we still owe on the loan sharks, 150 dollars.
Arrive in Makassar, Eka small - still with the name Oei Ek Tjhong - soon to help his father who had already arrived and had a small store. The goal is clear, immediately get 150 dollars, to be paid to the lender. Two years later, the debt paid off, developed his father's shop. Eka was asked School. But Eka refused to sit in first class. Complete primary school, he could not continue his studies because of economic problems. He also began selling. He was around the city of Makassar, hawking biscuits and confectionery. Only two months, he was hooked profit of Rp. 20, a large amount of time. The price of rice when it was still 3-4 cents per kilogram. See 1 growing business, Eka buy tricycles for loading the goods.
But when his business flourishes, came the Japanese invaded Indonesia, including to Makassar, so its completely destroyed. He was unemployed in total, no imports / exports to be sold. Total profit of Rp. 2000 that he had painstakingly collected over the past few years, discharged spent on everyday needs.
Amid expectations that the breaking point, Eka bututnya and pedaled around the Makassar. Came to Paotere (outskirts of Makassar, now one of the largest boat bases outside Java). There he saw how hundreds of Japanese soldiers are watching hundreds of prisoners of the Dutch troops. But not the Japanese and Dutch Eka interesting, but a pile of flour, cement, sugar, which is still in good condition. Eka business brain spinning soon. Eventually he returned to the house and made preparations to open a tent near the scene. He planned to sell food and beverages to the Japanese army's in the field of labor.
The next day, still four o'clock dawn, Eka was in Paotere. He brings with coffee, sugar, kerosene cans filled with water, a small oven containing charcoal to make water 2 hot, cup, spoon and so on. Originally a tool that he borrowed from his mother. Six chickens come he borrowed his father. The chicken was cut and contrived white cock rubbing salt. He also borrowed a wiskey bottle, a bottle of brandy and a bottle of wine from his friends. At seven o'clock he was ready to sell. Sure enough, at seven, 30 Japanese and Dutch prisoners began to come to work.
But until nine in the morning, no visitors. Eka decided to approach the boss of Japanese troops. Eka treat the Japanese eating and drinking in the tent. After tasting a quarter chicken complete with vinegar soy sauce and garlic, take two sips of whiskey free, the Japanese say Joto. After that, all his men and prisoners allowed to eat and drink in the hood Eka. Of course he asked permission lift all the items that have been discarded.
Eka immediately mobilize children compatriot lifting stuff and pay them 5-10 cents. All items removed to the house with a rickshaw. Eka following home page and half-page fully loaded neighbors all sorts of stuff. He also worked hard to choose what to wear and sell. Wheat, for example, are still well separated. That would have been treated violently pounded back and 3 to be used again. He also learned how to sew sacks.
Since that time the state of war, the supply of building materials and consumer goods are very less. That is why cement, flour, Chinese wine and other goods which he obtained from the debris that becomes very valuable. He started selling flour. Originally only Rp. 50 per sack, and he raised to Rp. 60, and finally Rp. 150. For cement, he began to sell Rp. 20 per sack, then Rp. 40.
At that time there were going to buy the cement contractor, to make the rich grave. Sure Eka rejected, because according to him doing the selling cement to contractors? So Eka then becomes the contractor making the rich grave. He paid artisan Rp. 15 per day plus a 20 percent stake blanks for contract manufacturing of six luxurious cemetery. He started with Rp. 3,500 per grave, and the latter to pay Rp. 6,000. After the cement and concrete iron out, he quit as a contractor grave. So Eka, quit as a contractor grave, he copra trade, and sailed for days to Selayar (South Sulawesi) and to other centers to obtain copra copra cheap.
Eka reaping huge profits, but suddenly he was almost bankrupt because of Japan passed a law that controlled the sale and purchase of palm oil which gives Mitsubishi Rp. 1.80 per tin. Though the market price per tin Rp. 6. Eka great loss. He is looking for other opportunities. Trade in sugar, then teng-teng (Makassar typical food of brown sugar and peanuts), sesame, cotton candy. But when it starts flying, the price of sugar fell, he lost big, capital depleted, even owe. Eka had to sell the jeep, two family sedans and sells jewelry, including wedding rings to cover payables.
But Eka try again. From our suppliers and various other needs. His efforts still fall up. For example, when it is flying in the 1950s, there Permesta, and merchandise, mainly copra plundered Permesta elements. Modal him out again. But Eka up again, and start trading again. His efforts only really shot and did not fall-fall after the New Order era according to Eka, "gives coolness business era". Cold-handed man was able to fix the various businesses that had "no nothing" to "nothing". Tjiwi Chemistry, which was built 1976, and produce 10,000 tons of paper (1978) spurred to 600,000 tons today.
Years 1980-1981 he bought oil palm plantation area of 10 thousand hectares in Riau, machinery and plant with a capacity of 60 thousand tons. Plantation and tea factory covering an area of 1,000 hectares with a capacity of 20 thousand tons purchased anyway. In 1982, he bought Bank International Indonesia. Originally BII only two branches with assets of Rp. 13 billion. Having held twelve years, BII now has 40 branches and sub-branches, with assets of Rp. 9.2 trillion. PT Indah Kiat also purchased. Initial Production (1984) only 50,000 tons per year. Ten years later Indah Kiat production to 700,000 tonnes of pulp per year, and 650,000 tons of paper per year. Do not stop the business of banking, paper, oil, Eka also merancah real estate business. He woke ITC Mangga Dua, shop, apartment complete with a center of trade. At the Roxy he woke apartments Green View, in Brass was Ambassador.
"I Really realize, as I can now because God is good. I strongly believe in God, and always wanted to be his servant, "he said commenting on all the success now.
"Besides, conserve," he added. He suggested that, if you're going to be a great entrepreneur, learn to control the money. Do not profit only Rp. 100, spending Rp. 90. And if lucky Only Rp. 200, do not try shopping Rp. 210, "Waahhh, cilaka it right," he said.
After 58 years in business and holds a conglomerate, Eka said he personally is actually very poor. "Every thought of debt with interest so great, I do not dare use the money recklessly. Want to break hard, because when drained for business. Feels really do not have time to use private money, "Eka complains. Want to eat good food, lanjutya, difficult indeed for good food average high cholesterol.
This is the irony, said Eka. He had difficulty eating good food for the poor. Now when it was "conglomerate" (with 70 thousand employees and almost 200 companies), Eka remains difficult to eat delicious, for fear of cholesterol. The age of the father of eight children born October 3, 1923 has been almost 73 years. Seniors who demanded strict health and fit.