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a. Illustration of comet

Comets become the most controversial of celestial bodies throughout history. Her presence in the sky is often interpreted as a sign of impending doom that befell the country. Although at this time the scientists have proved that the comet is a celestial body as common as stars, planets, satellites, asteroids, or meteorite. "Fear" of man can not be denied to them.

b. Comets in the Culture of the Past

Imagine when you lived about 1500 years ago. No explanation whatsoever about all natural phenomena. When it appears the tsunami, for example, the only possibility to create a tsunami was "logical" (accepted common sense that time) thought there was a creature that moves the disaster. Similarly, the comet.

This celestial objects appear suddenly in the sky like a burst of flame that is released out of nowhere. No one can predict where the fall and what effects might occur? Naturally, if with all its limitations, people of ancient times regard comets as something "bad" that is ready to destroy their lives.

For example, the mythological story of Babylon, Gilgamesh. In the story, the prototype of the story of Noah in the Semitic religions, the comet appears as a marker of flash flooding that hit the Babylonians. Similarly, what happened in Mongolia. Locals call the comet as a devil girl.

In the overview of Mongolia, the tail looks like a woman's hair. Comets are considered as the source of destruction, storm, and hail. In fact, the comet is often interpreted as a sign of the collapse of an empire or a fall of great powers.

In Roman history, the report found that the near-death of Julius Caesar, a passing comet. Crossing continents, the comet has also been looked after by the Incas just days before Francisco Pizarro, conqueror of South America from Spain, came and destroyed their empire.

Just less than 1000 years ago, the population of England still think comet (Halley's Comet in this case) as the appearance of evil. In 1066, Halley's Comet passed and in the same year, King Harold II was killed in the Battle of Hastings.

At that time, the historical record says Halley looked so bright in the sky, the light depicted ¼ bright moonlight. Meanwhile, the look four times bigger than Venus. Upset because every Halley's Comet comes, there is always a disaster, a writer, Eilmer of Malmesbury wrote as follows, "You came. Is that not so? Kala you arrived, you're the source of tears so many women (whose son died in the war Hastings). I hate you! It's a long time I did not see you. However, once you come back, the more you inflicted disaster to our country! "

Genghis Khan, conqueror of the world from Mongolia, including a few people who take advantage of the presence of Halley's Comet. He began his conquests to the territory of the Kingdom Khwarizmiyah Middle East after viewing the comet in 1222.

In 1456, Halley's comet reappeared. At that time, Pope Calixtus III (now living in Belgrade) to feel the need to set up a special prayer to avert the destruction of the comet that may arise. Calixtus III believes that after the comet passed, the devil will appear that will destroy human (European time). The devil is going to slaughter all Christians. Greeting the pope supported by mathematicians who have calculated that moment, every comet appear similar, there is always a disaster. Incidentally, after a time, the kingdom of Turkey Utsmany indeed managed to master the entire Balkans.

The most unique stories of the comet's presence might happen in 1910. Although at the time the information is there everywhere, believing that Halley's Comet brings major disaster is still strong. An astronomer, Camille Flammarion, creating a furore by stating that the tail of Halley's comet will destroy the Earth's atmosphere. As a result, gas-borne comet, will go to the earth's surface freely and destroy all life.

The issue is exploited by the businessmen who sell masks and umbrellas antikomet. As a result, unique items sold in a flash. Fear of the world is quite reasonable because there is a theory that comets cause extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

In Indonesia alone, a belief also exists disastrous comet. In 1965, Comet Ikeya-Seki appeared. In the same year, an uprising G30S hitherto unknown culprit. Fatal effects of this rebellion, there was carnage all the elements involved with the Communist Party, a political organization deemed responsible for the uprising.

Similarly, when Halley's Comet appeared in 1986. After the incident, a massacre carried out covert New Order. Interesting to see what happens on July 28, 2061. At that time, Halley's Comet came back to earth. In fact, this comet will have a distance greater than the distance may be examined in 1986.
As a sign of coming of Comet Imam Mahdi?

Based on the background that each come comet always appear big events, there are those who believe that the comet will also mark the arrival of Imam Mahdi, the end-time defender of mankind. In this case, the intended course of Halley's Comet.

The presence of the comet in 1986, believed to mark the birth of Imam Mahdi in a year to two years later. This is confirmed by the interpretation of Ibn Hajar al-Haythami in Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi `Address al-Mahdi al-Muntazar" A comet will appear in the East by issuing a light before him (Imam Mahdi) comes. "

Meanwhile, the Al-Burhan fi address Mahdi al-era Final mentioned, "The emergence of the star will occur after the eclipse of the sun and moon (in the month of Ramadan)." Incidentally, before Halley's Comet came in 1986, a solar eclipse and the moon Ramadan in 1981 and 1982. However, it is hard to believe this because sometimes people just connect multiple events to legitimize his personal opinion. Moreover confirmed in a hadith, the real sun and the moon are just two signs from among Allah's power ..

Eclipse does not occur because of the death or birth of a person. "If you see the eclipse, pray to Allah., Bertakbirlah, do prayers, and bersedekahlah." Thus, the theory of comets as a marker of the coming of the Mahdi is very doubtful.

c. False Myths Regarding Comet

There are several myths surrounding the comet science wrong. First, many believe, the comet came from outside the solar system. In fact, all the comets came from two sites remaining in our solar system, the Kuiper Belt and Oort Fog.

Comets are more often we see (for example, less than 100 years old) from the Kuiper Belt. Meanwhile, the comet has a longer turnover (more than 1000 years old) come from the Oort Fog.

Secondly, there is the opinion that the matter was brought comets and asteroids are the same. However, it did not. Elements of asteroid rocks are more dominant than the element of ice. Instead, the element of ice in comets more than rocks. For this reason, when approaching the sun, some comets have long tails. Elements that make up the ice evaporates and the object looks like a long light by our naked eyes.

Third, most people believe that comet tails always have. Apparently, it is not always the case. When the comet is away from the sun, their tails (which is actually a sign that the comet evaporated material) disappeared. Actually the comet as well as other celestial bodies.

A new threat to the earth happen if a comet is really pounding our planet. Rather than fear the comet, we deserve to thank him. A study shows that all life on earth is not of our own planet. Comet for carrying kometlah carbon, water, and various other components of the earth a living creature.

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