Nehemiah Grew (born 26 September 1641 - died March 25, 1712 at the age of 70 years) was a British anatomy and physiology is known as the "Father of Plant Physiology". In 1682 he published the book Anatomy of Plants, mostly a collection of his works before. This book consists of four volumes and is known for a detailed description of the structure of plants. Grewia genus name given by Carolus Linnaeus as a tribute to Nehemiah Grew.
Plant Physiology is the only sub-disciplines of botany concerned with the function, or physiology, of plants. Closely related fields include plant morphology (structure of plants), plant ecology (interactions with the environment), phytochemicals (plant Biochemistry), cell biology, and molecular biology. Fundamental processes like photosynthesis, respiration, plant nutrition, plant hormone functions, tropisms, Nastic movement, photoperiodism, photomorphogenesis, circadian rhythms, Environmental Stress Physiology, seed germination, dormancy and stomata function and transpiration, both part of plant water relations, has studied the physiology of plants.
Plant Physiology covers the study of all the internal activities of plants, chemical and physical processes Thos Associated with Life as they occure in plants. This includes research on the different levels of size and time scales. At the smallest scale has molecular interactions of photosynthesis and internal diffusion of water, minerals, and nutrients. At the largest scale has a process plant development, seasonality, dormancy, and reproductive control. Major subdisciplines of plant physiology include phytochemistry (the study of Biochemistry plant) and fitopatologi (study of disease in plants). The scope of Plant Physiology as a discipline can be divided into Major Areas Studies.
Nehemiah Grew (26 September 1641 to 1625 in March 1712) was a year of English plant anatomy and physiology, it is famously known as the "Father of Plant Physiology". Grew was the only son of Obadiah Grew (1607-1688), Nonconformist divine and pastor of St. Michael, Coventry, and was born in Warwickshire. He graduated at Pembroke College, Cambridge in 1661, and ten years later took the MD degree at the University of Leiden, his medical thesis Disputatio Physica be nervoso liquorice. He began to plant anatomical observations in 1664, and in 1670 his essay, The Anatomy of Vegetable Starts, has communicated to the Royal Society by Bishop Wilkins, to whom the recommendation in the year after he was elected a fellow.
In 1672, when the essay was published, he settled in London, and soon Acquired extensively in practice as a doctor. In 1673 he published the idea Phytological history, which consists of a paper that was presented to the Royal Society in the previous year, and in 1677 he succeeded Henry Oldenburg as secretary of the society. He edited the Philosophical Transactions in 1678-1679, and in 1681 he published a descriptive catalog of rare demand preserved at Gresham College, which is printed with some paper he had read to the Royal Society on the Comparative Anatomy of the stomach and intestine.
Great work appeared in 1682 in the Anatomy of Plants, which is also part of the collection before publication. Divided into four books, Anatomy of Vegetable Starts,
Anatomy of Roots, Anatomy of Trunks and Anatomy of Leaves, Flowers, Fruits and Seeds, and illustrated with eighty-two plates, while seven papers added to it most of the chemicals that character. Anatomy is especially important for the description of the IMS structure of plants. He described the morphology Almost all key difference stems and roots, flowers of Asteraceae Shows built from several units, and correctly hypothesized that the pollen has male organ. Plant anatomy also contains the first known description of microscopic pollen.
Many pioneering work with the microscope Grew is contemporary with that of Marcello Malpighi and two reported Borrowed Freedom from one another. Employment Grew on pollen wider than Malpighi, leading to the discovery that despite all the pollen roughly spherical, the size and shape differences between species, however, the pollen is all the same species. This discovery is the center of the field of Palynology. Among other publications Seawater made Fresh (1684), The Nature and Use of Salt contained in Epsom and such other Waters (1697), which is a rendering of the Tractatus salis (1693), and Sacred Cosmology (1701).
Linnaeus named the genus Grewia tree in his honor. Some archives are held in the archives in Pembroke, where there is also a stunning glass representation of the page works in the Library College. Grew is also considered as one of the pioneers of dactyloscopy. He was the first to study and describe the mountains, flow, and the pores in the surface of the hands and feet. In 1684, he published an accurate image of the fingerprint ridge pattern. - 234 Prominent Scientists Inventors