War shortest role in the history of the Anglo-Zanzibar War (45 minutes)
Anglo-Zanzibar War took place between the UK and the Sultanate of Zanzibar on August 27, 1896. The conflict lasted 38 minutes and is the shortest war in history. The immediate cause of the war was the death of the pro-British Sultan Hamad bin Thuwaini on August 25, 1896 and the subsequent succession of Sultan Khalid bin Barghash. The British government prefers Hamud bin Muhammed, a more favorable British interests, as sultan. In accordance with the agreement signed in 1886, the conditions for accession to the sultanate was that the candidate obtain the permission of the British consul, and Khalid had not fulfilled this requirement. UK considering this as a casus belli and sent an ultimatum to Khalid demanding that he order his troops to retreat and leave the palace. In response, Khalid summoned his palace guard and barricaded himself inside the palace.
The ultimatum expired at 09:00 East African Time (EAT) on August 27, when the English had gathered three cruisers, two gunships, 150 marines and sailors, and 900 Zanzibaris in the harbor area. Naval contingent under the command of Rear Admiral Harry Rawson whilst their Zanzibaris commanded by Brigadier General Lloyd Mathews of the Zanzibar army. About 2,800 Zanzibaris defended the palace, most recruited from the general population, but they also include Sultan palace guard and several hundred servants, and slaves. The defenders had several artillery and machine guns mounted on the front of the palace seen on British ships. A bombing that opened at 09:02 set the palace on fire and turn off the defending artillery. A small naval action took place with the sinking of Zanzibar a British royal yacht and two smaller boats, and several shots were fired in vain at the pro-British forces as they approached the palace Zanzibar. The flag at the palace was shot down and the fire stopped at 09:40.
Troops sultan maintained around 500 casualties, while only one British sailor was injured. Sultan Khalid received asylum in the German consulate before fleeing to German East Africa (now Tanzania on the mainland). British quickly placed Sultan Hamud in power at the head of a puppet government. This war marked the end of the Sultanate of Zanzibar as a sovereign state and the initial period of heavy British influence.
Longest war in the history of the Hundred Years' War
Hundred Years' War was a series of separate conflicts waged 1337-1453 between the British Empire and the Kingdom of France and their allies to master various French throne, which had become vacant on the extinction of the senior Capetian line of French kings. The House of Valois French control after the House of Capet, a cadet branch Capetian, Valois claimed the throne under the Salic Law. This was opposed by the House of Plantagenet, the Angevin family that had ruled England since 1154, who claimed the throne of France through the marriage of Edward II of England and Isabella of France.
War is generally divided into three or four phases, separated by a successful ceasefire on: Edwardian War (1337-1360), while the Caroline War (1369-1389), while the Lancastrian War (1415-1453); which saw a slow decline Plantagenet fate after appearance of Joan of Arc (1412-1431). Several other contemporary European conflicts are directly related to this conflict: War of Breton Succession, the Castilian Civil War, while the War of Two Peters, and the 1383-1385 Crisis. "Hundred Years War" is a term later term invented by historians to describe the series of events.
The conflict was punctuated by several periods of peace before the recovery of France from early gains made by the British expelled them from the majority of France by the 1450s. The Plantagenets lost large parts of their continent, including Gascony, which they have held since the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine to Henry II in 1152, although they retain the Calais Pale until his capture in 1558. But the British homes of the ruling will continue to claim the throne of France until 1800.
Owe War historical significance to a number of factors. Although primarily dynastic conflict, the war gave impetus to ideas of both French and English nationalism. Militarily, it saw the introduction of new weapons and tactics eroded the older system of feudal armies dominated by heavy cavalry in Western Europe. The first standing armies in Western Europe since the time of the Western Roman Empire were introduced for the war, thus changing the role of the peasantry. For all this, and for a long time, he is often regarded as one of the most significant conflicts in the history of medieval warfare. In France, civil wars, deadly epidemics, famines and marauding mercenary armies turned to banditry reduced the population of about one-half.