Adolescent Delinquency

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There was a mother who lives in Jakarta told me that since the rampant cases of student brawls in Jakarta, he took the initiative to drop off and pick up her son who is in high school, a habit he had never done before. How not to cringe, if students are not bandwagon-had come under attack? Why the students were so frequent brawls, as if they already do not have common sense, and can not think what is useful and what is not? Why too many teenagers who do drugs and free sex? What is wrong with this?

As already highlighted in other articles on this site, teens are those aged between 12-21 years. Teens will experience a period of physical and psychological development as follows:

Pre-pubertal period (12-13 years)
Adolescence (14-16 years)
The end of puberty (17-18 years)
And teenagers adolesen period (19-21 years)
Pre-puberty (12-13 years)

This period is also called pueral period, the period of transition from childhood to adolescence. In girls, the period is shorter than the boys. At this time, there was a major change in adolescents, the hormone increased sexuality and begin the development of the sexual organs and reproductive organs teenagers. In addition, the rapid development of the intellect jga occur in this phase. As a result, teenagers tend to be critical of (because thought he knew everything), which is often manifested in the form of defiance or disproof of the parents, began like an adult he thinks is right, and make it as a "hero" or hero. This behavior will be followed by imitating everything done by the hero, like a haircut, style of speech, to worship the living habits.

In addition, at this time teens also tend to be more daring to express his heart, more courage his opinion, even going to his opinion as strong as possible. It is often taken by parents as insubordination. Teens do not want to be treated as a child again. They would rather hang out with a group that considered in accordance with his pleasure. They are also more daring against the tradition of parents who considered archaic and no / less useful, and the rules which they say is unwarranted, as there may come to another place after school, and so on. They will increasingly lose interest to join the formal social groups, and tend to join up with friends choice. For example, they will choose to play to where her closest friends than with family visiting a relative's house.

But, at the same time, they also need help and support is always available from the parents, if they are not capable of transforming wishes. At this time is a critical moment. If parents are not able to meet the psychological needs to resolve the conflict at the time, teens will seek from others. Parents should remember that the problems faced by adolescents, though the old man is a trivial matter, but for teens it is a very, very heavy. Parents should not be thinking, "Oh my God ... it's the little things. Period you can not solve? Stupid to you", and so on. But attention as if the parents understand that the problem is very hard for the youth, will be recorded in the teen brain that parents are the best way out ang him. This will facilitate the parents to steer their children psychic development.

Adolescence (14-16 years)

This period is also called early adolescence, where their physical development is so prominent. Teenagers are very worried about physical development, and proud that it shows that he is not a child anymore. At this time, teenage emotions become very unstable due to the development of sexual hormones so rapidly. Sexual desire also began to appear during this strong. In young women marked by the arrival of the first period, whereas in adolescents pris marked by the arrival of the first wet dream. Teens will feel confused and ashamed of this, so parents should be with him, and gives a good sense and true about sexuality. If this fails handled properly, their psychic development particularly in terms of the introduction of self / gender and sexuality will be disturbed. Cases of gays and lesbians began with the failure of many youth development at this stage.

In addition, adolescents begin to understand about prestige, appearance and sex appeal. Because they added confusion due to the influence of emotional volatility sexuality, teen dived hard feelings. Sometimes they are being rude, sometimes soft. Sometimes dreamy, other times he is so cheerful. Social feelings in the teen is getting stronger, and they join a group that likes and make rules with his own thoughts.

The end of puberty (17-18 years)

At this time, teens are able to get through the past well, will be able to accept his nature, as both men and women. They are also proud of their bodies is considered to determine their self-esteem. This period is very short. In young women, this period lasts shorter than boys, so the girls mature faster than boys achieved. Generally, physical maturity and sexuality have been achieved fully. But the psychological maturity has not been achieved fully.

Adolesen adolescent period (19-21 years)

During this period, adolescents generally have reached perfect maturity, both in terms of physical, emotional, and psychological. They will learn so many things and start fighting the abstract ideals derived from their minds. They began to realize that it is easier to criticize than to live. His attitude towards life is starting to look obvious, like his ideals, interests, talents, and so on. Way of life as well as the properties that stand out will be obvious at this stage.

Juvenile delinquency

Juvenile delinquency is usually performed by the teenagers who failed to undergo the processes of development of his soul, either in adolescence or in childhood. Childhood and adolescence lasts so short, the physical, psychological, and emotional so quickly. Psychologically, juvenile delinquency is a manifestation of these conflicts are not resolved properly in childhood and youth offenders. Often found that there was trauma in her past, rude and unpleasant treatment of the environment, as well as trauma to the environmental conditions, such as economic conditions make it feel inferior, and so on.

Addressing juvenile delinquency, the juvenile emotions rebuild torn it. Emotions and feelings because they feel rejected by broken families, parents, friends, and the environment since childhood, and the failure of the development of the adolescent psyche. Traumas in her life to be resolved, these conflicts must be resolved psychological hang, and they should be given a different environment than the previous. The question is: who's job it all? Parents-kah? While the parents were too hungover to think about work and other living expenses. Brother-kah? They also have their own problems, maybe they also have the same problem. Government-kah? Or who? It is not easy to answer. However, provide a good environment from an early age, along with an understanding of the development of our children properly, will help reduce juvenile delinquency. At least not increase the number of cases.

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