Knowing Autism

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There are so many definitions circulating about what Autism. But in broad outline, Autism, is a developmental disorder is particularly true in childhood, which makes a person incapable of social interaction and as if living in a world of his own. In children with Autism called Infantil.

Schizophrenia is also a disorder that makes people pull away from the outside world and create their own fantasy world: talk, laugh, cry, and get angry yourself.

But there is a clear distinction between the causes of autism in people with schizophrenia and infantile autism. Schizophrenia is caused by the process of regression due to mental illness, whereas in children with infantile autism there is a failure of development.

Infantile autism symptoms occurred before the child reached the age of 3 years. In some children, the symptoms had been there since birth. A Mother's meticulous monitoring the progress their children are going to see some anomalies before the child reaches the age of 1 year. A very prominent is the absence or severe lack of eye contact.

To check whether a child has autism or not, the use of international standards on autism. ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases) 1993 and DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) 1994 to formulate the diagnostic criteria for autism Infantil same content, which is currently used throughout the world. The criteria are:

There must be at least 6 symptoms of (1), (2), and (3), with at least two symptoms of (1) and each one symptom of (2) and (3).

(1) qualitative disorders in reciprocal social interaction. There must be at least 2 of the following symptoms:

Not able to establish adequate social interaction: eye contact is less, less lively facial expressions, gestures are less focused

Can not play with peers
There was no empathy (can not feel what others feel)
Less able to hold social and emotional reciprocity

(2) qualitatively in the field of communication disorders. There must be at least 1 of the following symptoms:

Development of speech late or not at all developed. Children do not attempt to communicate non-verbally
If the child can talk, then do not use speech to communicate
Often use strange language and repeated
How to play less varied, less imaginative and less able to replicate

(3) There is a pattern of sustained and repetitive behavior, interests, and activities. There must be at least 1 of the following symptoms:

Maintaining one or more interest in a very distinctive and redundant
Fixated on a ritualistic activities or routines that are not any good
There are strange movements typical and repeated
Often very impressed on parts of objects

Before the age of 3 years seems a delay or interruption in the field (1) social interaction, (2) speech and language, and (3) how to play the monotony, lack of variety.

Not caused by Rett syndrome or disintegrative disorder Kanak period.

But there is always the possibility of misdiagnosis, especially in mild autism. This is usually due to a disorder or other illnesses that accompany autism disorders that exist, such as severe mental retardation or hyperactivity.

Autism has a possibility to be cured, depending on the severity of the existing problems. Based on recent news, in Indonesia there are 2 people with autism are successfully treated, and is now able to live a normal and achievement. In America, where people with autism treated more seriously, a greater percentage of healing.

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