Lupus disease is a disease of connective tissue and blood vessels so the impact is very broad covering many organs. Disorder usually occurs in the form of a rash on the skin, especially in the face so that the appearance of people who described similar to "lupus" or "wolf". Many things are still not understood about the disease lupus, especially in terms of prevention and pengobatannya.Namun to understand the symptoms and signs early, the damaging effects of this disease can be minimized.
Lupus is divided into two major groups, namely Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (LES / SLE) and discoid Lupus Erythematosus (LED). LES as the name "systemic", can affect all organs of the body, especially organs (muscle, liver, kidney, heart, etc.) and joints, 50% of patients had nephritis (kidney inflammation). Generally, acute and possibly fatal. While LEDs are limited attacking the skin and mucosa rather rare. LES more frequent abnormalities in the mucosal abnormalities were the dominant LED on the skin.
Auto immune disease Lupus classified (immunological reactions that destroy connective tissue of skin, mucous or blood vessels). Factors that can trigger lupus include infections factor (virus), hormonal factors, physical trauma, extreme environmental factors (temperature extreme cold / hot), sunlight (UV), stress factors (physical / emotional) and genetic.
Research on the LES, the patient's blood serum was found bahwadalam there are factors that can increase the production of oxygen-radical. Some observations terhdadap Lupus turns membutkikan Omega 3 can reduce inflammation (inflammation).
Abnormalities of the skin and mucosa (mucus membrane), while the LES than in the skin and mucosal abnormalities are also found in other organs such as the internal organs (liver, kidney) are also on the muscles, joints and even accompanied by constitutional symptoms (fever, fatigue, weight loss, etc.). Abnormalities in the form of patches of skin that are often symmetrical, bounded clear (like the island), raised / elevated (hypertrophy), redness (erythema) and eventually will leave marks on the skin defects such as scar tissue (sikatriks) thinning (atrophy), accompanied rough skin and brown and in some places it is not pigmented white (vitiligo).
Lupus can also damage the scalp, causing damage to the hair roots with the consequent permanent baldness. On the nose, the scar tissue that forms will cause the nose interested in such a manner that resembles a parrot beak. Similarly with the ear causing deformation (distortion). Mucosal abnormalities such as the lips, mouth, nose, interior, and even the eye causing vaginal ulcers (ulcers) and heal with scarring membentukj.
- Avoid exposure to direct sunlight, (between the hours of 8:30 to 15:00) because it will aggravate the disease.
- Reduce fat intake to increase the absorption of calcium
- Avoid sources of free radicals
- Consumption of adequate amounts of antioxidants
- Reduce excess weight (overweight / obesity)
- Increase consumption of fruits and sayut to get a source of beta carotene, vitamin C and natural zinc (oysters and other seafood) to enhance the body's immune system.
- Drink at least 1.5 to 2 liters of water / day to ensure optimum kidney function