Allergy closely associated with asthma and other respiratory diseases such as chronic sinusitis, middle ear infections, and nasal polyps. What is interesting is the latest analysis of asthmatics showed that those who have allergies and asthma, are more likely to wake up at night due to asthma, are absent from work due to asthma, and require stronger medications to control their asthma symptoms.
Asthma is associated with mast cells, eosinophils, mast cells and T lymphocytes are the cells of allergen release chemicals such as histamine. Histamine is a substance that causes nasal congestion and runny on the flu and hay fever, airway narrowing in asthma, and itchy areas on the skin allergy. While Eosinophils are white blood cell types associated with allergic diseases. Lymphocytes T also white blood cells associated with allergy and inflammation.
These cells together with other inflammatory cells, are involved in the development of airway inflammation in asthma, resulting in airway hyper-responsiveness, airflow limitation, symptoms of respiratory problems, and chronic diseases. In certain individuals, inflammation causes a feeling of chest tightness and shortness of breath, which is often felt at night (nocturnal asthma) or early morning. Whereas in some others, they just feel the symptoms when exercising (which is called exercise-induced asthma). Because inflammation, airway becomes hyper responsive due to specific triggers.
Bronchial Asthma Triggers
- Bronchial asthma triggers can include:
- Smoking and close to the people who smoke
- Infections such as colds, flu, or pneumonia
- Such as food allergens, pollen, mold, dust mites, and pet dander
- Air pollution and toxins
- The weather, especially extreme temperature changes
- Drugs (such as aspirin, NSAIDs, and beta-blockers)
- Food additives (such as MSG)
- Emotional stress and anxiety
- Sing, laugh, or cry
- Perfumes and fragrances
- acid Reflux
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma Bonkial
In bronchial asthma, you may have one or more signs and symptoms of the following:
- shortness of breath
- Excessive cough or cough that keeps you awake at night
- Diagnosis of Bronchial Asthma
- Spirometry: A pulmonary function test to measure breathing capacity and how well you breathe. You will breathe into a device called a spirometer.
- Peak expiratory flow (PEF): Using a tool called a peak flow meter, you exhale forcefully into a tube to measure the strength of the air that you can remove it from the lungs. Peak flow monitoring can allow you to monitor your asthma condition at home.
- Chest X-ray: Your doctor may do a chest x-ray to rule out other diseases that may have similar symptoms.
Treating Bronchial Asthma
After diagnosis, the doctor will recommend asthma medications (which can include asthma inhalers and pills) and lifestyle changes to treat and prevent asthma attacks. For example, anti-inflammatory asthma inhalers that work often takes a long time to treat inflammation associated with asthma. These inhalers provide low-dose steroids for lung with minimal side effects, if used correctly. Fast-acting or "rescue" inhaler bronchodilators work fast to open the airways during an asthma attack.
If you have bronchial asthma, then make sure that your doctor showing how to use the inhaler correctly. Make sure that the "rescue" inhaler always you take in case of an attack of asthma or an asthma emergency. Although there is no medicine that cures asthma, but there are asthma medications that can help prevent asthma symptoms.