15 Safety Equipment Chemistry Laboratory

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Chemical laboratory is a workplace that has a lot of potential danger. It includes a chemical solution, the explosion of a chemical reaction, and the heat from the equipment. Not surprisingly, people who work in a chemical laboratory should use personal protective equipment (personal protective equipment). Laboratory should also be equipped with safety devices.
Regardless, if you're new to the lab and want to know what safety equipment is generally in the room, you come to the right place. Here are 15 safety equipment in chemical laboratories.
A. Personal Protective Equipment

1. Jas laboratory
Lab coat (lab coat) serves to protect the body from harmful chemicals splashes. There are two kind of disposable lab coats and lab coats used many times. Disposable lab coat is commonly used in laboratory and animal biology, while lab coat disposable repeatedly used in chemical laboratories. Chemistry lab coats can be:
  • Flame-resistant lab coat - lab coat material is coated with flame-retardant material. This type of lab coat is suitable for those who work with equipment or materials that emit heat, such as a soil sample smelting, incineration using high-temperature furnaces, and chemical reactions that produce heat.
  • 100% cotton lab coat - This is a lab coat that is typically used in general chemistry laboratories (eg chemical lab education). Lab coat is estimated to have a useful life of about one to two years. After passing through the lifetime of the stretcher, this jacket vulnerable to damage due to the influence of acid chemicals.
  • Synthetic / cotton blends - lab coat can be made ​​of 100% polyester or a mixture of polyester / cotton. As with cotton lab coat, lab coat is used in general chemistry laboratory.
2. Safety Glasses
Splash chemical solvents or heat can be harmful to people who work in the laboratory. Therefore, they must use special glasses that are resistant to the potential hazards of chemicals and heat. Glasses are divided into two types, namely clear clear safety glasses and safety goggles.

Clear safety glasses safety glasses are commonly used to protect the eyes from splashes of chemical solvents or dust. Meanwhile, clear safety goggles are used to protect the eyes from splashes of chemicals or hazardous chemical reactions. Eye protection consists of three types, namely:
  • Direct vented goggles - Commonly used to protect the eyes from dust, but it is not suitable to protect the eyes from splashes or the vapors of the chemical.
  • Indirect vented goggles - Suitable for protecting the eyes from bright light and dust, but it is not suitable to protect the eyes from splashes of chemicals.
  • Non-vented goggles - Both are used to protect the eyes from dust, vapors, and chemical splashes. Jam the glasses can also be used to protect the eyes from harmful gases.
3. Shoes
Slippers or sandals are prohibited from use when you're working in a laboratory. Why? Because they can not protect your feet when solvents or chemicals spilled. Ordinary shoes generally is sufficient to be used as a protector. However, in the laboratories of large companies, the shoes used are fire-resistant safety shoes and a certain pressure. In addition, sometimes provided also plastic footwear to keep the laboratory if the shoe is used to exit from the laboratory.

4. Protective face
As the name suggests, a protective mask (face shield) is used to protect your face from the heat, fire, and splashes of hot material. It is usually used when taking a laboratory tool that is heated at a high temperature furnace, melted soil samples at the lab scale smelting tools, and take equipment which is heated by the autoclave.

5. Gas masks
Chemical or chemical reactions produced can emit harmful gases. Therefore, a gas mask is suitable for use by you so that the harmful gas is not inhaled. Judging from the type, gas masks could be a regular gas mask made of fabric and gas masks specially equipped gas-sucking material.

Regular gas masks are generally used for general purposes, such as making a standard solution. Meanwhile, a special gas masks used when using solvents or chemicals that have harmful gases, such as hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, and hydrogen sulfide.

6. Kaos hand
Gloves (glove) to protect your hands from spilled chemical solutions that can make your skin itch or blister. Various kinds of gloves used in the lab are usually made of natural rubber, nitrile, and neoprene. Related gloves made from natural rubber, some are equipped with a special powder and without powder. The powder is generally made from starch and serves to lubricate the gloves for easy use.

7. Protective ear
Personal protective equipment is the last ear protectors (hear protector). This tool is commonly used to protect of noisy issued certain, for example autoclave, smoothing the soil sample (crusher), sonicator, and washers devices that use ultrasonic glasses. Everyone is exposed to noise are limited in terms of time and the noise level. Noise limits allowed under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is as follows:
  • 8 hours = 90 dB
  • 6 hours = 92 dB
  • 4 hours = 95 dB
  • 2 hours = 100 dB
  • 1 hour = 105 dB
  • 30 minutes = 110 dB
  • 15 minutes = 115 dB
  • B. Laboratory Safety Equipment
Apart from having to use personal protective equipment, people who work in chemical laboratories should also be aware of laboratory safety equipment (laboratory's safety equipment). In principle, the equipment used in case of emergency situations. Here are a few examples of the standard equipment.

8. Wash the eyes
Wash the eyes (eye wash) serves the affected eye wash liquid chemicals. How it works, wash your eyes with water flowing from the device for a while. When washing, make sure your hands are clean so it does not interfere with your eyes.

9. Fire blanket
Chemical spill liquids may produce a flame. To put it out, you can use a blanket of fire (fire blanket). Make sure you use gloves when using or cleaning the equipment.

10. Safety Shower
What to do if you spill liquid body chemistry with relatively high amounts? Immediately to the safety shower and flush your body with water from these tools. This is to cleanse your body of chemical solution so that your body avoid severe injury.

11. Spill neutralizers
Although he was working carefully, sometimes chemical solution spilled onto the floor. If this happens, spill neutralizers used to neutralize the spilled chemical liquid. Safety of laboratory equipment is equipped acidic and alkaline materials. For example, if liquid is spilled it acidic, alkaline material used to neutralize it.

12. First aid kits
Medicine box for first aid (first aid kits) useful in case of minor accidents, for example, hand scratched by a sharp object. This box usually contains a cure wounds, scissors, bandages, and alcohol.

13. Fire extinguishers
Fire extinguisher (fire extinguishers) handy to extinguish minor fires that occur because of workplace accidents or other sources. For example, you're using furnaces and furnace suddenly took out a fire, quickly use the fire extinguisher to put it out. Thus, the fire did not spread to everywhere. Once the fire goes out, immediately contact the security department or fire department section in your company to investigate further.

14. Emergency exits
The laboratory should also be equipped with a door out to anticipate emergencies, such as earthquakes and fires. This particular door to be used for emergencies only and should not be used for general corporate purposes. Therefore, the door is usually designed not to be opened from outside the laboratory.

In addition, the door equipped with an alarm so that when opened will produce a special sound. This sound is integrated with the security section so that when the more open, the security forces will examine the circumstances surrounding the door.

15. Space acid
Hood (fume hood) is used to take a chemical solution which has a harmful gas (acetone, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, etc.) or reacting the solutions. The hood is equipped with a vacuum so that the harmful gases released chemical solution will be absorbed and neutralized before being discharged into the environment.

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