Causes and Treatments of Migraine

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Causes and Treatments of Migraine ~ Migraine headaches can cause a throbbing headache pain in one area of ​​the head that is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. The pain was felt quite heavy for hours to days. Some migraine attacks are preceded or accompanied by sensory warning symptoms (aura), such as seeing flashes of light, blind spots or tingling in the hands or feet.
That picture of the symptoms of migraine headaches are certainly very painful. Now, no less important is to know what are the things that cause migraines so that later we can minimize the appearance of migraine and to make it easier to treat.

Causes of Migraine
Migraine is thought to be caused by changes in brain chemistry. Brain chemicals in question, namely serotonin, which serotonin decreases during migraine. Low levels of serotonin can make the blood vessels in the brain become spastic (sudden contraction) that narrows blood vessels. It can cause symptoms of aura. Soon after that, the blood vessels dilate (relaxation), which is thought to cause pain in migraine. The occurrence of the above mechanism can be triggered by several things, the following triggers that cause migraines:

Hormonal changes
In women, where fluctuations in estrogen can trigger migraine headaches. Women with a history of migraines often report headaches immediately before or during the menstrual period, when they had a significant decrease in estrogen. While others have a tendency emergence of migraine attacks during pregnancy or menopause.

Other causes of Migraine
Many factors have been identified that can trigger a migraine. Migraine triggers or causes of these factors include emotional, physical, dietary, environmental and medicine.

Emotional factors
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Shock
  • Depression
Physical factors
  • Fatigue
  • Poor sleep quality
  • Shift work
  • Bad posture
  • Tension in the neck or shoulder
  • Traveling long
  • Blood Sugar Low
Factor Diet
  • Less food intake
  • Often late or irregular meals
  • Dehydration
  • Tyramine-containing food additives
  • Caffeinated beverages, such as tea and coffee
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Certain foods like chocolate, citrus fruits and cheese
When the time did not eat low blood sugar, if after eating sweet or sugar in large quantities, the blood sugar will rise. Things like this (spike blood sugar) can also trigger migraines.

Environmental factors
  • Blindingly bright lights
  • Smoke (or smoke)
  • Loud noise or noisy
  • Climate change, such as changes in humidity or temperature is very cold
  • A pungent odor
  • Stuffy atmosphere
  • Some types of sleeping pills
  • The Pill
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
How to Treat Migraine
Migraine Treatment aims to relieve pain during the attack and tried to prevent migraine attacks do not arise again:

Medicine migraine attack

Pain reliever (Analgesic or Painkillers)
When a migraine headache occurs most people will use a sedative sold freely as paracetamol, ibuprofen or aspirin. It certainly can help treat headaches but must memeperhatikan rules of use, indications, and kontarindikasinya, do not overdo menggubakan this drug.

Migraine medications Triptans Group
If the usual analgesic drugs such as the above are not able to deal with migraines, then the next option is triptan class of drugs. Some drugs, triptans, such as sumatriptan, available without a prescription.

How it works is not the same migain medicine with analgesic drugs. Triptans cause blood vessels around the brain to contract (narrow), against dilation (widening) of blood vessels is believed to be a process that causes migraines.

Group Ergots
Ergotamine and caffeine combination with (Migergot, Cafergot), although less effective than triptans. Ergotamine seems to be most effective in those with headache migarinnya lasted for more than 48 hours.

Anti - nausea
Because migraine is often accompanied by nausea, with or without vomiting, the nausea drug that is usually combined with other drugs can help. Drugs are often given that chlorpromazine, metoclopramide or prochlorperazine.

Glucocorticoids (prednisone, dexamethasone)
Glucocorticoids can be used together with other drugs to enhance the effects of anti-pain. Because of the risk of steroid toxicity, then these drugs should not be used routinely (often).

Opioid medications
Opioid medications containing narcotics, particularly codeine, are sometimes used to treat migraine which is impervious to triptans or ergot. This drug is only used as a last resort.

Prevent Migraine
  • Avoid Triggers mgrain (as above)
  • Taking medication (must be with a doctor's prescription):
  • Beta-blockers (propranolol, metoprolol and timolol).
  • Antidepressants (Amitriptyline)
  • Anticonvulsants (topiramate, valproic acid)
  • Botulinum toxin type A (Botox)
After knowing the cause of migraine and I hope that the way to treat a migraine you are experiencing a speedy recovery and no recurrence. May be useful :)

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