Types of Headaches and Symptoms

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Types of Headaches and Symptoms ~ Everyone must have experienced headaches, including your own, you experience headaches or others have experienced a great many causes and so varied, on the basis of these headaches are also various kinds who have symptoms of each are different. Here we review the types of headaches and symptoms, because by knowing the types of headaches would be very beneficial for us to be able to overcome or cure a headache with appropriate with types of headaches being suffered.
In 2007, the International Headache Society agreed classification system or other types of headaches. Because so many people who suffer from headaches and because treatment is also a headache that is sometimes difficult, it is expected with this new classification system will enable doctors make a diagnosis specific to the type of headache and to provide better treatment and more effective. There are three main categories for the types of headaches:

1. Primary Headache
2. Secondary headaches
3. Pain cranial nerve (cranial neuralgia), facial pain and other headaches.

1. Primary Headaches
Included in the type of primary headache include: migraine, tension and cluster.

Tension headache types
  • Tension headache is characterized by head feel tight and heavy, this is a type of headache
  • type of primary headache are the most common. up to 90% of adults experiencing or will experience this type of headache. Tension headaches more often suffered by women than men.
Symptoms of tension headaches:
The pain started at the back of the head and neck above and described as urgent or depressed.
  • Often described as the pressure encircling the head of the most powerful pressure above the eyebrows.
  • Pain is usually mild (not crippling) and bilateral (affecting both sides of the head).
  • The pain is not associated with aura, nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light and sound.
  • The pain occurred sporadically (infrequently and without a pattern) but can occur frequently and even daily in some people.
Pain allows most people to function normally, even though he had suffered a mild headache.

Migraine headaches
Sequence number two for the type of primary headache is the most common migraine.
An estimated 28 million people in the United States (about 12% of the population) will experience migraine headaches. Migraine affects both children and adults. Before puberty, boys and girls are affected equally by migraine headaches, but after puberty, women more often than men. It is estimated that 6% of men and up to 18% of women will experience a migraine headache in their lives.

Migraine headaches are characterized by throbbing headache severe or throbbing sensation in one area of ​​the head (headaches) and commonly accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.

Migraine attacks can cause significant pain for hours till a day and the patient would be more comfortable in a dark, quiet place to lie down.

Some migraines are preceded or accompanied by sensory warning symptoms (aura) in eyesight, such as flashes of light, blind spots or tingling in the arms or legs.

Cluster headache
Cluster headache is a type of primary headache that rarely affects 0.1% of
population (1 in 1,000). More often affects men in their twenties, women and children can also suffer from this type of headache.

Symptoms Cluster Headache:
  • Cluster headaches are headaches that come in groups (clusters) based on the time that lasts weeks or months, separated by pain-free periods of months or years.
  • During the period in which the cluster headaches occur, headache typically occurs once or twice a day, but some patients may experience a headache more than two times a day.
  • Each episode of headache lasts from 30 to 90 minutes.
  • Headache attacks tend to occur at the same time every day and often wake up at night when the patient is sleeping soundly.
  • Head pain is usually excruciating and located around or behind one eye.
  • Some patients describe the pain as feeling like there is a hot object in the eye. The affected eye may become red, inflamed, and watery.
  • Nose on the affected side may become clogged or feels congested and runny.
Primary headaches can affect a person's quality of life. Some people are this type of headache is cured while others are very difficult to heal. This type of headache is not life-threatening, but can also be associated with symptoms that can mimic stroke or brain hemorrhage (ICH).

2. Secondary Headaches
Secondary headache is a type of headache that is caused by a structural problem in the head or neck. There are many causes of this type of headache ranging from bleeding in the brain, tumor, or meningitis and encephalitis.

Secondary symptoms Headaches:
This type of headache is a symptom associated with many diseases. Secondary headaches are caused by an underlying disease or injury that needs to be diagnosed and treated. Control or treat the symptoms of headaches is very necessary while waiting for diagnostic tests to determine the underlying disease. Some causes of secondary headache can be potentially life-threatening and deadly. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential.

International Headache Society states there are eight categories of secondary headache. Some examples in each category are recorded. (This is not a complete list). :
  • Trauma to the head and neck
  • Vascular disorders of the head and neck, such as stroke, TIA, AVM.
  • Disorders of the brain other than the blood vessels such as tumor and cancer.
  • Due to drugs
  • Infections such as meningitis, encephalitis, HIV / AIDS, pneumonia, flu, etc.
  • Changes in the physical environment
  • Problems with the eyes, ears, throat, nose, teeth and neck
  • Psychiatric problems
3. Neuralgia
Neuralgia means nerve pain (nerve + Neur = algia = pain). Cranial neuralgia describe the kind of headache that occurs because the nerves in the neck, head and upper become inflamed and become a source of pain in the head. Facial pain and a variety of other causes for headache are included in this category.

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