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Biography of Sutan Sjahrir ~ Indonesian National Hero



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The name of the character can not be separated from the history of the founding of the Republic of Indonesia. Sutan Sjahrir was known as a thinker and also pioneering the establishment of the Republic of Indonesia. He is known by the nickname 'Kancil' and also 'The Smiling Diplomat.' He was known as Indonesia's first prime minister when the Republic of Indonesia's independence in 1945. Thanks to his services Similarly, the Indonesian government gives signals to Sutan Sjahrir as a National Hero of Indonesia.

Regarding biographies, profiles of Sutan Sjahrir himself, he was born on March 5, 1909 in the city long meadow, West Sumatra. He has a sister named Rohana Kudus. His father was Mohammad Rasad title of Maharaja Soetan bin Leman Soetan Soetan degree Palindih and his mother named Puti Siti Rabiah derived from Tower Koto, Agam, West Sumatra.

Parents Sutan Sjahrir is a highly respected people in Sumatra. His father served as an adviser to the Sultan of Deli dannjuga chief prosecutor or landraad in the Dutch colonial administration. Having been born in a family that affluent economic conditions, Sutan Sjahrir entered at the best school in the days when the Dutch kolonal. He began his education at ELS (Europeesche Lagere School) or elementary school.
Sutan Sjahrir
After completing education at ELS, he then entered in MULO (Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs) equivalent to a junior high school or junior high. Here he later read a lot of foreign books published by the European and literary works from the outside. Graduated from MULO in 1926, he then moved to Bandung and attended the AMS (the General Middelbare School) which is the most expensive and the best schools in Bandung.

Starting Falls to the World Organization
At AMS, he became the best student there, Sutan Sjahrir spending more time reading books from Europe and also follow the art club at school. He was also active in the debate club at AMS. In addition, he also founded a school named Tjahja Volksuniversiteit (Light of the People's University) intended for children illiterate and from poor families.

His experience in the organization at the school took her plunge into the world of politics at the time. Sutan Sjahrir became known as the pioneer in the establishment Jong Indonesie (nationalist youth set) on 20 February 1927 which later changed its name to Pemuda Indonesia. Pemuda Indonesia then drives the commencement of the Indonesian Youth Congress which gave birth to the Youth Pledge on 1928.

As a student at the time, Sutan Sjahrir often being chased by Dutch police in Bandung because often read news about the PKI rebellion in 1926 when it was forbidden to read for school students. Sutan Syajrir is also the editor in chief of the National Youth Association which often deal with the Bandung police because they often criticized the colonial administration at the time.

Study in the Netherlands and the Socialist Activists Being
Graduated from AMS, he then went to the Netherlands and to continue his studies there. He then went to law school at the University of Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. There, Sutan Sjahrir lot to learn theories of socialism until then he was known as a socialist who tend to 'left' and radical attitude toward things that smelled of capitalism. In the Netherlands, he worked in the Secretariat of the International Transport Workers' Federation.

There also he then get to know the Salomon Tas who is Chairman of the Social Democratic Student Club, and also a woman named Maria Duchateau who later became his wife, whom he married in 1932. In the Netherlands too, Sutan Sjahrir joined the Association of Indonesia (PI) led by Mohammad Hatta .

Fearing movement youth movement organizations Indonesia, then the Dutch government to strictly supervise even perform actions such raids imprison movement leaders such as Ir. Soekarno until then PNI (Indonesian National Party) activists PNI itself. Together with Mohammad Hatta, Sutan Sjahrir always call for a movement towards the independence of Indonesia. They poured their writing through Sovereign People magazine owned by the National Education of Indonesia.

Seeing the declining spirit of the movement in Indonesia as a result of the Dutch colonial government supervision, intense Sutan Sjahrir in 1931 chose to quit college and then returned to Indonesia to continue the national movement towards independence Indonesia.

His experience in the organization while still a student and also when studying in the Netherlands makes it immediately joined the Indonesian National Party (PNI), which diketuainya on tahn 1932. As a figure who had socialist views, Sutan Sjahrir also incorporated in the labor movement. Sjahrir's writings on labor kia pour in Daulat magazine People often talk about labor-frum political forum so make Sutan Sjahrir in fortune as chairman of the Congress of Indonesian Workers.

Leading New PNI Party Joint Bung Hatta
The return Hatta to Indonesia after the Dutch and led the New PNI together Sutan Sjahrir make New PNI tend to be more radical than the PNI when still under the leadership of Sukarno. This then makes the Dutch colonial government more closely monitor the activities of the new PNI is chaired by Mohammad Hatta and Sjahrir.

The movement of PNI Baru under the command of Hatta and Sutan Sjahrir which tends increasingly radicalized by the mass mobilization of massive make Sutan Sjahrir and Mohammad Hatta end arrested by the Dutch colonial government and imprisoned, then they were both exiled in Boven-Digoel and then discharged for six years in Banda Neira Banda Islands.

At the time of the Japanese population, Sutan Sjahrir movement 'underground' to build a network to prepare for independence without cooperating with Japan as it is conducted by Ir. Sukarno. Syahrir believe that the population of Japan is no longer, and Japan can not win the war against the allies so that Indonesia should quickly win independence from Japanese hands.

Sutan Sjahrir then urged Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta to declare Indonesian independence on 15 August 1945, this pressure is also supported by the youth at the time. But Sukarno and Hatta refused and kept in accordance with the plan which is dated 24 September 1945 set by PPKI (Indonesian Independence Preparatory Committee) set up by the Japanese.

It then invited the disappointment of the youth of Indonesia moreover, Japan is known to have given up and lost the war by the allies. This is what makes young people when it kidnapped Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta and took him to Rengasdengklok on August 16, 1945 in order to keep the influence of Japan and urged to immediately proclaimed the independence of Indonesia.

Being the First Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia
Finally, on August 17, 1945, Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence. Post-independence Indonesia, Sutan Sjahrir was later appointed by President Sukarno as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia and the prime minister's youngest world is aged 36 years, he also served as Secretary of Negerin and Minister of the Interior when the Republic of Indonesia recently independent, even though so many Sutan Sjahrir's writings which tend to criticize and attack Sukarno. The popular writings Our Struggle.

Kidnapping Sutan Sjahrir
The United Struggle kidnapped Sutan Sjahrir was led by Major General Sudarsono and including Tan Malaka therein. Some say that the Great General Sudirman was involved in the kidnapping Sutan Sjahrir. Sutan Sjahrir's kidnapping then make the President when it was furious. On 1 July 1946, 14 leaders of the kidnapping which includes Tan Malaka was arrested and then imprisoned by police at the prison Wirogunan Surakarta.

On 2 July 1946, Major General Sudarsono then stormed the prison and then berhasiil free the leader of kidnappings Sutan Sjahrir. Until then the President eventually then ordered Suharto who was then serving as head of the army in Surakarta to capture Major General Sudarsono. Until then on July 3, 1946 Major General Sudarsono finally arrested by the presidential guard. The incident became known as a first coup on the Republic of Indonesia who have failed.

Then on October 2, 1946, Sutan Sjahrir back into the Prime Minister who then resume negotiations Linggarjati famous 15 november 1946. Sutan Sjahrir known to fully recognize the President as a great leader of Indonesia, and many say that without the president Sukarno, Sutan Sjahrir nothing -Which one.

Diplomacy Indonesia expert at the International arena
Sutan Sjahrir also known as the chairman of BP KNIP (Working Body Central Indonesian National Committee), he is also a perangcang of the presidential cabinet changes into a parliamentary cabinet in Indonesia. As prime minister Sutan Sjahrir's cabinet reshuffle has done three times, namely cabinet Syahrir I, II and Sjahrir Sjahrir III. He is also known as a consistent leader in the fight for the sovereignty of Indonesia in the international arena through diplomatic channels.

Although no longer the prime minister of Indonesia in 1947, Sutan Sjahrir still akhif fighting for Indonesian sovereignty in international fora. That he did when he was appointed as the representative of Indonesia at the UN (United Nations) along with Haji Agus Salim. As Indonesia continues to be pounded by the actions of the Dutch military aggression in 1947, Sutan Sjahrir, who spoke Indonesian sovereignty and the nation's struggle for independence in their own land. The arguments issued by Sutan Sjahrir about the struggle of Indonesian sovereignty and then break Dutch representatives argument that Eelco van Kleffens. Diplomacy of the Republic of Indonesia, represented by Sutan Sjahrir then make the UN intervene in matters Indonesian-Dutch and urged the Netherlands to recognize the sovereignty of Indonesia.

Sutan Sjahrir and Death Arrested
Then in 1951, Sutan Sjahrir was married to a woman named Siti Wahyunah who then gave him two sons named Kriya Arsyah and Siti Rabyah Parvati Sjahrir Sjahrir. Sutan Sjahrir also known as the man who likes classical music and often played the violin. Sutan Sjahrir also like to fly a plane. Then in 1955, after his party failed in the elections, his relationship with the president Sukarno began tenuous and deteriorate. Until then in 1960, the Indonesian Socialist Party founded by Sutan Sjahrir finally dissolved. Then in 1962 Sutan Sjahrir was later arrested and then imprisoned without ever prosecuted until 1965, he then suffered a stroke.

Finally the government when it allowed Sutan Sjahrir for treatment in Zurich, Switzerland. Finally on April 9, 1966, Sutan Sjahrir finally breathed his last, his body was buried in the garden eating pahlwan Kalibata, Jakarta. As ditanggal same remuneration right when Sutan Sjahrir died, the Indonesian government conferred the title of National Hero of Indonesia to Sutan Sjahrir for his services as one of the founders of the Republic of Indonesia through a presidential decree number 76 of 1966.

Name: Sutan Sjahrir
  • Place and Date of Birth: Padang Panjang, March 5, 1909
  • Died: 9 April 1966 in Switzerland.
  • Parents: Mohammad Rasad, Puti Siti Rabiah
  • Siblings: Rohana Kudus
  • Wife: Maria Duchateau, Siti Wahyunah
  • Children: Kriya Arsyah Sjahrir, Siti Rabyah Parvati Sjahrir
Occupation:
  • The first Prime Minister of the Republic of Indonesia
  • Chairman of the Indonesian Socialist Party (PSI)
  • Chairman of the delegation of the Republic of Indonesia in talks Linggarjati
  • Roving Ambassador (Ambassador-at-Large) of the Republic of Indonesia
The work Sutan Sjahrir
  • Mind and Struggle, 1950 (collection of articles from the magazine "Sovereign People" and other magazines, years 1931-1940)
  • The movement of workers, 1933
  • We struggle, in 1945
  • Indonesische Overpeinzingen, 1946 (collection of papers and essays from Cipinang prison and place of exile in Digul and Banda Neira, from 1934 sampau 1938).
  • Devotional Indonesia, 1951 (translated from Dutch: Indonesische Overpeinzingen by HB Yassin)
  • Out of Exile, 1949 (translation of "Indonesische Overpeinzingen" by Charles Wolf Jr. with a stamped part 2 essay Sutan Sjahrir)
  • Reflection and struggle, in 1990 (HB Yassin translation of Indonesische Overpeinzingen and Part II Out of Exile)
  • Socialism and Marxism, 1967 (collection of articles from the magazine "Socialist Voice" in 1952-1953)
  • Nationalism and Internationalism, 1953 (speech spoken in the Asian Socialist Conference in Rangoon, 1953)
  • The essays in "attitude", "Socialist Voice" and other magazines
  • Socialism Indonesia Development, 1983 (collection of writings published by Sutan Sjahrir Leppenas).


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