Piles or Hemorrhoids: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Hemorrhoid / piles is the swelling of blood vessels in the rectum area. Hemorrhoidal vein is located in the lowest area of ​​the rectum and anus. Sometimes the veins swelled so the blood vessel walls become pliant, thin, and pain when passed stool. Hemoroid classified into two general categories: internal and external hemorrhoids.

Internal hemorrhoids lie far enough inside the rectum so it can not be seen or felt. Internal hemorrhoids usually do not hurt because there are few nerve pain in the rectum. Bleeding may be the only sign that they are there. Sometimes internal hemroid becomes prolapse, or enlarge and protrude out of the anal sphincter. When this occurs, the patient may be able to see or feel the internal hemorrhoidal veins as a mucosal skin pads pink that stands out from the surrounding area.
Prolapsed hemorrhoids can hurt. Prolapsed internal hemorrhoids in the early stages can still enter into the rectum itself; if staged increases, patients often need to re-enter the internal hemorrhoids by way of gently pushed back into place until the final stage when the hemorrhoidal really not capable of being driven back in, it means it has reached the final stage.

External hemorrhoids lie within the anus and are usually painful. If the external hemorrhoids prolapse heading out, people can see and feel. Blood clots sometimes form, causing a very painful condition called thrombosis. If the thrombosed external hemorrhoids, the color turns purple or blue, and may bleed. Despite the creepy appearance, thrombosed hemorrhoids are usually not a serious thing, but it is very painful. Thrombosed hemorrhoids will subside itself in a few weeks. If the pain is unbearable, visit the doctor to stop the pain.

Any rectal bleeding and pain should be evaluated by a qualified physician; doctors are also able to identify life-threatening conditions, such as colorectal cancer. However, hemorrhoids are the most common cause for rectal bleeding and rarely dangerous, but a definite diagnosis of treatment from a doctor is important.

What Causes Hemorrhoids?
Approximately 30% -40% of people suffer from hemorrhoids, and usually occurs between the ages 20â € "50 years. Researchers are not sure what causes hemorrhoids. Weak vein walls â € "thus leading to hemorrhoids and other varicose disorders - can be genetically inherited from parents.
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Increased extreme abdominal pressure can also cause blood vessels to swell and become prone to irritation. The pressure can be caused by obesity, pregnancy, standing or sitting for long periods, straining during bowel movements, coughing, sneezing, vomiting, and hold your breath while trying to perform physical work like lifting heavy loads every day.

Diet has an important role in causing and preventing hemorrhoids. People who consistently eat a diet high in fiber tend to avoid hemorrhoids. Low fiber diet or inadequate fluid intake can cause constipation, which can contribute to be hemorrhoids in two ways: It triggers an action straining during bowel movements and also aggravate hemorrhoids by producing hard stools so that irritates the vein to swell.

Select steps to avoid constipation so that the stool is not difficult to remove.
  • Foods high in fiber will soften the stool. Fiber can be found in nuts, whole grain breads and cereals, and fresh fruits and vegetables. Add fiber slowly also helps avoid gas and bloating thus reducing flatulence.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. Stay well hydrated to keep the stool remains soft. Water is the best choice. Drink plenty throughout the day.
  • Be sure to exercise. Keep moving. Regular aerobic exercise, such as walking 20-30 minutes every day.
  • Think about stool softeners or laxatives. The doctor may prescribe medication if it is severe constipation.
  • Do not delay too long. When we feel should BAB, do it. Do not delay. The more delayed the possible opportunities to BAB has passed and have to wait for another time, but it has become harder stool.
There are other things you can do to feel better, among others:
  • Use pillows. Sitting on a pillow, not on a hard surface. This will facilitate hemorooid not swell. It can also help prevent the formation of new hemorrhoids.
  • Maintain cleanliness. Wash the anal area daily. Use warm water and soap is unscented. Dry the area with a gentle pat. Patients also can even use a hair dryer if it feels better to drain and keep the temperature around the anus.
  • Select subordinate loose clothing and soft. This makes the anal region tend to be damp and depressed.

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