Understanding Liver Cancer

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Patients with liver cancer generally are elderly. Primary liver cancer is cancer that starts in the liver and include potentially fatal type of cancer. In addition to primary liver cancer that arises in the heart, there are also known as secondary liver cancer that originated in other body parts, such as the intestines, before spreading to the liver.
Liver Cancer
Many Occur in Developing Countries
Liver cancer is the fifth most common type of cancer among men and the seventh among women. Approximately 85% of cases of liver cancer in the world occur in countries that are still developing. The cause of the high rates of liver cancer in countries that are still developing is the high incidence of hepatitis B and C in these countries, including Indonesia.

As many as 59% of cases of liver cancer in developing countries are still caused by hepatitis B and 33% by hepatitis C . While in countries that have been developed such as the countries in Europe, the main cause of liver cancer is high alcohol consumption and obesity are increasing .

In Indonesia, it is estimated there are about 33,000 new cases of liver cancer each year. This figure is expected to increase along with the increasing number of patients with hepatitis B and C, which currently reaches 30 million people.

Important Functions Organ Hearts
With hundreds of functions that are run, the liver becomes one of the most complex organ in the human body. Liver cancer is categorized as a serious disease caused by obstruction of the liver functions, and even completely stop it. Here are some of the most important functions of the liver:
  • Eliminate toxins from the body
  • Digest proteins and fats
  • Producing fat destroyer liquid (bile) that helps digestion
  • Helps control blood clotting
  • Recognizing the Symptoms of Liver Cancer
Symptoms of this disease is usually in the form of common or less specific, such as fatigue and nausea . Many people who just feel the symptoms clearly after the cancer reaches an advanced stage. Symptoms of liver cancer include:
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss for no reason
  • Nausea
  • Gag
  • Jaundice (skin and whites of the eyes are yellow due to increased levels of bilirubin in the human body)
Cirrhosis: Main Cause of Liver Cancer
The exact cause of liver cancer is still unknown, but the disease is thought to be related to tissue damage liver cells, such as cirrhosis of the liver disease. Disease cirrhosis may be caused by:
  • Infection with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C
  • Abuse of alcohol - consuming alcohol more than the recommended amount.
  • Obesity is believed also can increase the risk of liver cancer as closely related to the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease = NAFLD).
Diagnosis of Liver Cancer Early as Possible
If your GP suspects or diagnose liver cancer you have, you will be referred to a specialist hospital for further examination. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment is given.

In fact, only 1 in 5 people who can survive, at least a year after being diagnosed with liver cancer. And only 1 in 20 people with that can survive at least five years. This is because as many as 9 out of 10 new cases are diagnosed when the cancer is already at an advanced stage. In most sufferers, cancer has grown too severe to be cured.

So that liver cancer can be diagnosed early, people at high risk for the disease are advised to consult routinely and regularly. Groups of people at high risk are those who are infected with hepatitis C positive or have ever suffered from cirrhosis. The benefits of routine examinations is to diagnose liver cancer at an early stage, when treatment for a total recovery is possible.

Three Alternative Treatment of Liver Cancer
Cancer stage determine what type of treatment will be given to patients. If cancer is diagnosed already in advanced stages of the condition, the treatment is only intended to reduce the pain and discomfort of the patient for the rest of his life. But it is different if the cancer can be diagnosed before they develop more severe, then these conditions are more likely to be addressed.

There are at least three ways in treating liver cancer. The first is a radio frequency ablation, the use of an electrical device that is specifically used to destroy cancer cells in the liver. The second is surgical resection, which is the process of removal of certain parts of the infected liver. The third is a liver transplant, which is to replace the liver of patients with liver of the donor.

Prevent Liver Cancer with Healthy Living
The risk of liver cancer can be reduced by adopting a healthy lifestyle such as diet and regular exercise for the body to avoid obesity, as well as avoiding the consumption of liquor and cigarettes.

In addition, you can also avoid the risk of infection with hepatitis B and C with vaccination and safe sexual intercourse. If you want a body piercing or tattooing, make sure to do it in a place that has the tools with a guaranteed level of sterility.

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