Worried Colon Cancer? Perform Colonoscopy

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If not promptly treated, colon cancer is a condition that can endanger lives. To prevent this condition develops, patients are generally advised to undergo colonoscopy.

A colonoscopy is an examination to detect abnormalities in the colon and rectum. This process is done by inserting a colonoscope or hose that ends a camera into the rectum. Doctors can then look into the large intestine with a video camera that displays images on the screen. This procedure can also be used to take tissue samples from the colon, and can also appoint a polyp or abnormal tissue in it.
Colonoscopy is generally instrumental in the initial screening of colon cancer . Your doctor may recommend this procedure to be done 10 years if you are aged 50 years and over and the risk of colon cancer. In addition, this process can be a guide for the doctor to determine the cause of the symptoms of bowel disorders, such as constipation , chronic diarrhea , or rectal bleeding. However, in addition to colonoscopy, can also run other procedures.

What are the conditions in Need Colonoscopy?
Generally, a person feels the need to undergo colonoscopy for the following reasons:
  • There is blood in the stool.
  • Abdominal pain was unbearable.
  • Diarrhea that do not heal.
  • Abnormalities on CT scan results intestine.
  • There is a history of colon cancer in her family members so that the risk for colon cancer becomes greater.
  • Experiencing iron deficiency anemia .
  • Losing weight drastically and suddenly.
Consult a doctor if you experience one or more of the above conditions. If the doctor recommends this procedure, there are several things to note.
  • Clean colon is needed to support the success of colonoscopy because dirt can block the view of the colon:
  • The doctor will suggest to taking laxatives the night before the colonoscopy.
  • Inform if you are taking certain medications, such as drugs to treat high blood pressure , heart problems , diabetes , any supplements containing iron, aspirin, or other drugs to treat stroke . You may be advised to stop taking them some time.
  • In general, you are advised not to eat solid foods on the day before the colonoscopy.
  • Avoid taking mineral water 7-8 hours before colonoscopy.
  • Consult your doctor first, because like any other procedure, colonoscopy also carries risks.
Results and Possible Risks of colonoscopy
The drug will make the patient unconscious and does not feel anything. A colonoscopy procedure will run for at least 20 minutes. After that the patient requires approximately 60 minutes to recover from the anesthetic. Patients will feel bloated and often fart for a few hours after the procedure to remove the gas in usus. If colonoscopy is intended to raise the polyp, then after the surgery, the patient needs to undergo a specific diet for some time.

Generally, patients need to stay for 1-2 hours in the hospital before being allowed home. During this time, patients may be advised to consume enough mineral water. In some cases, the patient will experience cramps and diarrhea. The doctor will advise patients to avoid taking aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs for two weeks postoperatively.

If the results are normal colonoscopy, the bowel will appear pink. No bleeding, inflammation, or bag. But if there is interference, then the bowel will appear marsupial, red, inflamed and swollen.

If it is not advised to undergo re-examination, the patient may be advised to see her 10 years later. Conversely, if found abnormalities in the colon, then the results of the colonoscopy will be called positive. Polyps that have been raised will be examined in a laboratory to detect whether cancerous, pre-cancerous, or cancerous. Only a small portion cancerous polyps.

If the large intestine polyps less than 1 cm in diameter, then the patient may be able to repeat colonoscopy 10 years later. However, the examination needs to be done in 3-5 years if found polyps larger diameter or greater amounts. In certain cases, a colonoscopy may lead to complications as follows:
  • Tearing the walls of the anus or colon.
  • The opposite reaction from the sedative used during the procedure undertaken.
  • Bleeding in the area to do a biopsy or from the location of the abnormal tissue is removed.
If only a small amount of blood that came out after surgery, mean still considered normal. However, patients need to see a doctor immediately if you experience high fever, swollen stomach and toned, very dizziness, abdominal pain unbearable, and severe bleeding of the rectum.

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